- Field emission microscopy
Field emission microscopy (FEM) is an analytical technique used in
materials scienceto investigate molecular surface structures and their electronic properties. [cite web | title = Intro to Field Emission | publisher = Field Emission / Ion Microscopy Laboratory, Purdue University, Dept. of Physics | url = http://physics.unipune.ernet.in/~fem/intro-fem.htm | accessdate = 2007-05-10] Invented by Erwin Müllerin 1936, the FEM was one of the first surface analysis instruments that approached near-atomic resolution.
FEM consists of a sharp needle emitter and a detector, such as a fluorescent screen. A negative
electric fieldis applied to the emitter, emitting electrons from the surface. An image is formed at the detector due to the different current densities, which originates from the difference in electric fields and work functions on the emitter surface by the Fowler-Nordheim equation.
Field ion microscope
List of surface analysis methods
2Introduction to field emission [ [http://physics.unipune.ernet.in/~fem/ Field Emission Laboratory ] ]
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