- Victorian Athletic League
The Victorian Athletic League organises professional footrunning events ranging from 70 to 3200 metres. The most famous of these events is the
Stawell Giftwhich has been run since 1878 and hosts the richest footrace in Australia. Many other gifts are held around Victoria in country and metro locations including Ballarat, Bendigo, Wangaratta, Maryborough, Keilor, Yarrawonga, Ringwood, Ryeand Olympic Park. Races are run under a handicap system which makes races competitive. [ [http://www.val.org.au/faqs.htm Victorian Athletic League ] ] Runners are awarded prizemoney when making finals and bookmaking occurs at major meets.
History of Professional Running
Professional foot-racing or pedestrianism as it was often called, has its origins in the mid-eighteenth century when the Industrial Revolution was occurring and English public schools and the wider community were becoming very interested in games and sporting pursuits. One of these sporting pursuits was pedestrianism which was the act of rapidly covering a variety of distances on foot, distances which ranged from shorter sprints to the coverage of hundreds of miles. These activities were often accompanied by substantial wagers with large sums of money being won and lost.
It was against this background that early settlers arrived in the Australian colonies from the United Kingdom in the nineteenth century.
In Australia professional foot-racing is said to have begun in the gold-mining days. The miners raced against each other, often in a one-to-one match-race situation on a handicap basis for the gift of a gold nugget offered by the local publican or mine owner.
It was at this time that the main sprint race came to be run over the Sheffield distance of 130 yards, regarded as a true test for professional sprinters. This sprint distance originated from the Sheffield Handicap event in Yorkshire over 130 yards in which the winner was presented with a purse of gold. The metric equivalent of 120 metres has been used in gift races since the mid seventies.
Present Day Professional Footrunning
Professional foot-racing has been conducted throughout Australia using prizemoney provided by sponsors since the eighteen-hundreds. Each state has a circuit of carnivals directed by its State Athletic League operating under the Australian Athletic Confederation.
The 'Mecca' of professional foot-running in Australia is the Stawell Gift Carnival which has been held during Easter for over one hundred years.
However, its status as the richest carnival has been superseded in recent years by the Botany Bay Gift Carnival which boasts total prizemoney of $120,000 and $70,000 for its main race with a $50,000 first prize. The Stawell Carnival has a total prizemoney pool of $90,000. The main race the Stawell gift is over 120m and the winner receives $40, 000.
There are many other carnivals and events conducted under handicap foot-running conditions throughout the nation each year.
Some of the more famous long-running carnivals are the Bay Sheffield Carnival in South Australia, Bendigo and Ballarat in Victoria, Burnie in Tasmania, Jupiters Carnival on the Gold Coast in Queensland, Temora and Macksville Carnivals in New South Wales. Since the late 1980s athletics and the Olympic Games have been 'open', meaning that the so-called amateurs and professionals can all compete together for prizemoney without being penalised or discriminated against.
History of the Victorian Athletic League
The Victorian Athletic League was established in 1895. Professional running in Australia began in the gold-mining days and boomed in areas where miners were prospecting and digging for gold. The miners raced against each other for the gift of a gold nugget offered by the local publican or mine owner. The miners raced over various distances but the main race was run over the Sheffield distance of 130 yards. In the 1860's big money began to creep into the sport which attracted a wealth of athletic talent. Competitions took on a carnival atmosphere and crowds flocked to see local champions. In April 1878, nearly two thousand people witnessed the running of the first Stawell Easter Gift which was won by twenty-four year old farmer W.J.Millard. The sport of professional running continued to grow. Big prizemoney and heavy betting attracted talented athletes as well as a range of shady characters. By the early 1890's, the sport of professional running was in crisis. Athletes running under false names, hiding past performance, corrupt officials and other controversies led the need to establish a controlling body for professional running in Victoria. The Victorian Athletic League was formed on 15th April 1895 when RV Lewis of Benalla was elected president and Hastings Bell of Stawell was appointed secretary. Originally the League was administered from Stawell and formulated rules and regulations for country towns that conducted sports carnivals. It also acted as arbitrator in any disputes arising at those carnivals. In 1902 a regular office was established in Melbourne and the Victorian Athletic League began to promote the sport of professional running. Carnivals were held in Melbourne and major Victorian towns and became extremely popular with the sporting public. 1917, a dispute over prizemoney led to a breakaway group, the Victorian Athletic Association, being formed and conducting event in opposition to the Victorian Athletic League. In 1921, through the mediation of the Stawell Athletic Club, the Victorian Athletic League and the Victorian Athletic Association were merged. ES Herring of Maryborough was elected president and Joe Bull appointed as secretary. The Victorian Athletic League established an office in Brunswick and held mid week sports meetings were held at White City in Tottenham, at the Exhibition Grounds and at the Monodrome. During the 1920's and 1930's, popularity of professional running grew tremendously and the VAL staged World Sprint Championships. At the outbreak of World War II, many Victorian Athletic League clubs abandoned their meetings. However, the federal cabinet granted permission for the Victorian Athletic League to conduct footrunning at Maribyrnong for the benefit of athletes on leave from the armed forces and men employed in essential services. After World War II the Victorian Athletic League gained strength and had nearly fifteen hundred registered runners, three hundred trainers and was conducted sports carnivals at seventy centres across Victoria from mid November to early June. By the early 1960's, interest in professional running had waned. The number of registered runners had declined and only twenty-eight carnivals were held across Victoria. In an effort to revive the sport, the Victorian Athletic League invited champion international athletes such as Bob Hayes, Alan Simpson and Robbie Hutchison to compete in Australia. In 1969, the St Kilda club staged the richest footrace in the world with a first prize of $2,000. In 1977, the Victorian Athletic League undertook substantial administrative changes becoming an incorporated company, establishing a computerised record of handicaps and results, and commissioning the use of an electronic race finish recording machine. After years of segregation between amateur and professional athletics, in 1986 saw the dawning of open athletics when Stawell Gift winners Chris Perry and John Dinan competed for Australia at the Commonwealth Games in Edinburgh. In recent years, the Victorian Athletic League has extended its athletic format beyond club carnivals. The League moved into conducting special events such as the famous Dandy Dollar Dash at VFL/AFL football matches, the Moomba Mile run down Bourke Street in the Melbourne CBD, 400 metres series' during international cricket matches at the MCG and sprint events during horse races at Moonee Valley. In 2001, the Victorian Athletic League moved offices to be co-located with Athletics Victoria at Olympic Park in Melbourne. The League began to form a strong alliance with Athletics Victoria through formal affiliation, sharing resources and establishing a dual-registration process.
Athletes that have run in Professional Footrunning Events:
(Include VAL, SAAL, QAL, NSWAL, TAL)
Robert De Castella
- Chris Tuohey (Four time
Madeline Pape(Australian Olympian)
- Bola Lawal (Nigerian Olympian)
- Rick Dunbar
Held usually around January every year the Rye Gift attracts tourists celebrating the Christmas period and New Year. It has bookies and the track for the 120m is on a slight decline.
Past Winners 2000-2007 (Mens)
2000 R Devalle
2001 M Moresi
2002 C Touhy
2003 C Foley
2004 C Dunbar
2005 G Brown
2006 D Burgess
2007 M Callard
Past Winners 2000-2007 (Womens)
2000 A Fearnley
2001 J Chehadei
2002 K Moore
2003 A Deery
2004 A Deary
2004 A Deery
2006 C White
2007 K Steward
Hosted by the Ringwood Professional Athletic club this event is held usually in January. Its gift has ranged from 120, 200, 400 over the years.
2003 E King
2004 G Mawer
2005 J Hooper
2006 J Boulton
2007 C White
This event attracts both VAL and NSWAL competitors because of the close proximity of the event. Professional cycling events are also held at the same time as the footrunning.
2000 P Walsh
2001 M Callard
2002 E Everton
2003 J Hilditch (Scotland)
2004 J Lewis
2005 D Arthur
2006 J Bolton
2007 A Flanagan
The Ballarat Gift as a strong history dating bating to 1949. It has been held at City Oval, Sebastopol oval and Nothern Oval where VFL team the Northen Bullants play. Many use it as preparation for Stawell and some international competitors have ran at this venue over the years. Prizemoney of $7 500 is allocated for the main race.
2000 Darren Paull
2001 John Cara
2002 Bett Blanco
2003 Scott Beaven
2004 Victor Oyanedal
2005 Warwick Vale
2006 Nathan Dixon
2007 Nick Sampieri
2008 Bola Lawal (Nigeria)
The Bendigo Opal is held around March every year and conincides with the International Cycling Madison. It holds the richest 400m footrace in the world.
2003 Duncan Tippins
2004 Mark Howard
2005 Nathan Dixon 2006 Tommy Neim
2007 Nick Magree 2008 Glenn Stephens
Stawell Giftis considered the country's and quite possibly world's most professional footrace. Over 120m it is televised across the country and thousands are at Stawellevery year at Easter.
Stawell Gift Winners 1998-2008
1998 D.Seers Edithvale
1999 R.Matthews Buninyong
2000 J. Pearce Wodonga
2001 A.Pym South Riverview (NSW)
2002 S.Uhlmann Cedar Grove (QLD)
2003 J.Ross North Lambton (NSW)
2004 J.Hunte Barbados
2005 J.Ross Gillieston(NSW) 2006 A.Mott Essendon
2007 N.Allen Toowoomba (QLD)
2008 S.Jamieson Williamstown
History of finalists:
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