- České Budějovice
České Budějovice Budweis CityFlagCoat of arms Country Czech Republic Region South Bohemian District České Budějovice Rivers Vltava, Malše Center Přemysl Otakar II Square - elevation 381 m (1,250 ft) - coordinates Area 55.56 km2 (21 sq mi) Population 96,053 (As of 2009[update]) Density 1,729 / km2 (4,478 / sq mi) Founded 1055 Mayor Juraj Thoma Timezone CET (UTC+1) - summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2) Postal code 370 01 Wikimedia Commons: České Budějovice Website: www.c-budejovice.cz
České Budějovice (Czech pronunciation: [ˈtʃɛskɛː ˈbuɟɛjovɪtsɛ]; colloquially: Budějice or Budějce; Ukrainian: Чеські Будейовиці, German: Budweis or Böhmisch Budweis; Polish: Czeskie Budziejowice; often referred to simply as Budweis in English) is a city in the Czech Republic. It is the largest city in the South Bohemian Region and is the political and commercial capital of the region and centre of the Roman Catholic Diocese of České Budějovice and of the University of South Bohemia and the Academy of Sciences. The town is not to be confused with Moravské Budějovice in Moravia.
The city was founded by Hirzo, a knight of King Ottokar II of Bohemia, and was granted its municipal charter in 1265. The royal city was created as a platform of the king's power in South Bohemia and to counterbalance the powerful aristocratic House of Rosenberg, which died out in 1611. The city was traditionally a bulwark of the Catholics in the long-lasting religious conflicts in Bohemia.
The city was a German-speaking enclave from the 17th century until 1880. During the industrialization of the city, Czechs again became the ethnic majority. Until the Expulsion of Germans after World War II, the city contained a significant German minority (about 15.5% in 1930).
Some population figures: 1828: 6,800; 1832: 8,100; 1851: 15,200; 1880(the first to report nationality): 11,829 Germans and 11,812 Czechs; 1890: 11,642 and 16,585; 1900: 15,400 and 23,400; 1910: 16,900 and 27,300; 1921 (the first held under Czech rule): 7,415 and 35,800.
Budějovice has long been well known for the beer brewed there since the 13th century. For a time the town was the imperial brewery for the Holy Roman Emperor, and Budweiser Bier (beer from Budweis) became, along with Plzeň's Pilsener, one of the best-known lagers. Brewing remains a major industry.
The largest brewery, founded in 1895, is Pivovar Budějovický Budvar (Budweiser Budvar Brewery) which has legal rights to market its beer under the "Budweiser" brand name in much of Europe. The same product is also sold elsewhere under the names "Budvar" and "Czechvar" due to legal disagreements with Anheuser-Busch over the Budweiser brand. The American lager was originally brewed as an imitation of the famous Bohemian original, but over time has developed its own identity and attained remarkable commercial success. Anheuser-Busch has made offers to buy out the Czech brewing company in order to secure global rights to the name "Budweiser", but the Czech government has refused all such offers, regarding the Czech Budweiser name as a matter of national pride.
The oldest (founded in 1795) and second largest brewery was renamed to "Pivovar Samson", replacing its original German name, during the communist period. It also exported, mostly under the "Samson" and "Crystal" labels. Recently, they reacquired naming rights for Budweiser for Europe while offering "B. B. Bürgerbräu" in the US since 2005.
The old town preserves interesting architecture from Gothic, Renaissance, Baroque and 19th century period. This includes buildings around the large town square, the old town hall with murals and bronze gargoyles, and the town tower "Černá věž" ("Black Tower"). In the new town the Belle Époque Austro-Hungarian train station is notable. The most valuable historic building in České Budějovice is the Dominican convent with the Gothic Presentation of the Virgin Mary church on Piaristic Square. The horse-drawn railroad line connecting České Budějovice to Linz was the second oldest public line in continental Europe (after the St.Etienne-Andrexieux line in France), constructed from 1824 to 1832; mere traces of the line can be seen south of the city center.
The ruins of the home castle of the Czech national hero Jan Žižka, Trocnov, are located some ten kilometres (6 miles) southeast of the town. A bit further away (approximately 30 km), the town of Český Krumlov is another popular tourist destination in South Bohemia. In 1992, it was added to UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites.
Local buses and trolleybuses take passengers to most areas of the city. The city can be reached from other locations by inter-city buses and by train. Internationally, a direct railroad service connecting Prague with Zurich, via Linz and Salzburg, also makes a stop in České Budějovice.
It was the birthplace of:
- Adalbert Gyrowetz (Czech: Vojtěch Jírovec), Bohemian composer
- Karl Franz Leppa
- Jaroslav Modrý, former NHL player, currently playing for HC Lasselsberger Plzeň
- Václav "Vinny" Prospal, ice hockey player for the Columbus Blue Jackets
- Vladimír Remek, cosmonaut (also a first non-USSR, non-US citizen in space aboard Soyuz 28 in 1978)
- Karel Roden, actor
- František Straka, soccer player/coach
- Rolf Thiele, Austrian director and producer
- Zdeněk Tůma, former governon of ČNB, currently member of Prague city council
Twin towns – Sister cities
České Budějovice is twinned with:
- České Budějovice – official page
- Virtual Tourist tour of České Budějovice
- University of South Bohemia
- Region of České Budějovice
- České Budějovice – tourism, basic facts, hotels
- České Budějovice – tourism, basic facts, accommodation
- Text of European Court of Justice judgment in the "Budweiser" trademark case – Judgment of the Court (Grand Chamber) of 16 November 2004. Anheuser-Busch Inc. v Budĕjovický Budvar, národní podnik. Reference for a preliminary ruling: Korkein oikeus – Finland. Agreement establishing the World Trade Organisation – Articles 2(1), 16(1) and 70 of the TRIPs Agreement – Trade marks – Scope of the proprietor's exclusive right to the trade mark – Alleged use of the sign as a trade name. Case C-245/02.
- "Švejk Central": Web site devoted to the Hašek novel
- České Budějovice at the official website of the Czech republic
Towns, městyse and villages of České Budějovice DistrictAdamov · Bečice · Borek · Borovany · Borovnice · Boršov nad Vltavou · Bošilec · Branišov · Břehov · Čakov · Čejkovice · Čenkov u Bechyně · České Budějovice · Chotýčany · Chrášťany · Čížkrajice · Dasný · Dívčice · Dobrá Voda u Českých Budějovic · Dobšice · Dolní Bukovsko · Doubravice · Doudleby · Drahotěšice · Dražíč · Dříteň · Dubičné · Dubné · Dynín · Habří · Hartmanice · Heřmaň · Hlavatce · Hlincová Hora · Hluboká nad Vltavou · Homole · Horní Kněžeklady · Horní Stropnice · Hosín · Hosty · Hradce · Hranice · Hrdějovice · Hůry · Hvozdec · Jankov · Jílovice · Jivno · Kamenná · Kamenný Újezd · Komařice · Kvítkovice · Ledenice · Libín · Libníč · Lipí · Lišov · Litvínovice · Ločenice · Mazelov · Mladošovice · Modrá Hůrka · Mokrý Lom · Mydlovary · Nákří · Nedabyle · Neplachov · Nová Ves · Nové Hrady · Olešnice · Olešník · Ostrolovský Újezd · Petříkov · Pištín · Planá · Plav · Radošovice · Římov · Roudné · Rudolfov · Sedlec · Ševětín · Slavče · Srubec · Staré Hodějovice · Štěpánovice · Strážkovice · Strýčice · Střížov · Svatý Jan nad Malší · Temelín · Trhové Sviny · Týn nad Vltavou · Úsilné · Včelná · Vidov · Vitín · Vlkov · Vrábče · Vráto · Všemyslice · Žabovřesky · Záboří · Zahájí · Žár · Závraty · Žimutice · Zliv · Zvíkov Administrative seats of Czech regions
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Ceske Budejovice — České Budějovice … Deutsch Wikipedia
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CESKE BUDEJOVICE — (Cz. České Budějovice; Ger. Budweis), city in Bohemia, Czech Republic. In 1341 two Jews were granted remission of taxes there for ten years. By 1390 the Jews were living in a separate quarter of the city. There were anti Jewish riots in 1505, and … Encyclopedia of Judaism
České Budějovice — [ tʃɛskɛː budjɛjɔvitsɛ], Stadt in der Tschechischen Republik, Budweis … Universal-Lexikon
České Budějovice — [ches′ke bo͞o′de yō̂΄vit sə] city in SW Czech Republic, on the Vltava River: pop. 175,000 … English World dictionary