San Pablo Bay National Wildlife Refuge


San Pablo Bay National Wildlife Refuge

Geobox|Protected area
name = San Pablo Bay National Wildlife Refuge
category = National Wildlife Refuge
category_iucn = IV


caption =
country = United States
country_

state = California
state_

state_type = State
region =
region_type = County
city_type =
city =
lat_d = 38
lat_m = 7
lat_s = 47
lat_NS = N
long_d = 122
long_m = 23
long_s = 35
long_EW = W
area = 53.37
map_locator = California


governing_body = U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
website = [http://www.fws.gov/sfbayrefuges/San%20Pablo/SanPablo.htm U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service: San Pablo Bay National Wildlife Refuge]

San Pablo Bay National Wildlife Refuge is a convert|13190|acre|km2|sing=on National Wildlife Refuge in California established in 1970. It extends along the northern shore of San Pablo Bay and encompasses the largest remaining continuous patch of pickleweed-dominated tidal marsh in the northern San Francisco Bay.

Historically, the wetlands surrounding San Pablo Bay were one of the the largest tidal marsh complexes on the Pacific coast of North America. However, the area has been significantly impacted by human activities such as hydraulic mining, salt production, diking, draining, filling, agriculture, and development. All told, about 85% of San Pablo Bay's tidal marshes have been altered.

The Refuge includes a variety of habitats including open water, mud flat, tidal marsh, and seasonal and managed wetlands. The refuge hosts millions of migratory shorebirds and waterfowl, including the largest wintering population of canvasbacks on the west coast. The Refuge also provides year-round habitat for sensitive species including the endangered California clapper rail and salt marsh harvest mouse.

References

* [http://www.fws.gov/sfbayrefuges/San%20Pablo/SanPablo.htm U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service: San Pablo Bay National Wildlife Refuge]
* [http://www.pickleweed.org/ Friends of the San Pablo Bay National Wildlife Refuge]


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