- Princess Marie of Orléans (1813–1839)
Princess Marie Princess Marie d'Orléans. Portrait by Ary Scheffer. Chantilly, Musée Condé. Spouse Duke Alexander of Württemberg Issue Duke Philipp House House of Württemberg
House of Orléans
Father Louis-Philipe I of France Mother Maria Amalia of the Two Sicilies Born 12 April 1813 Died 6 January 1839(aged 25) Religion Roman Catholicism
Marie Christine Caroline Adélaïde Françoise Léopoldine of Orléans, known as Marie of Orléans (12 April 1813, Palermo – 6 January 1839, Pisa) was a French princess and, by her marriage, duchess of Württemberg (1837). She was solidly educated on her father's insistence, and took up sculpture and drawing.
On 17 October 1837, Marie d'Orléans married Prince Alexander of Württemberg (1804–1881), son of Duke Alexander of Württemberg (1771–1833) and his wife Antoinette of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld (1779–1824). The cadet branch of a not very prestigious German princely family, Alexander was nevertheless the nephew both of King Frederick I of Württemberg (via his father) and of King Leopold I of Belgium (via his mother). He was also a first cousin of both British Queen Victoria and her husband, Prince Albert as well as Portuguese King Ferdinand II and Russian Emperors Alexander I and Nicholas I.
Marie d'Orléans and Alexander of Württemberg had one child, Philipp of Württemberg, who inherited his father's dukedom and in 1865 married Archduchess Marie-Therese of Austria (1845–1927) (daughter of Archduke Albert, Duke of Teschen). These are the ancestors of the present claimants to the throne of Württemberg.
At the beginning of 1834, due to the consolidation of the July Monarchy and a better acceptance of Louis-Philippe by the monarchs of Europe, the King of the Two Sicilies, Ferdinand II, gave his consent to the marriage of princess Marie of Orléans with one of his younger brothers. Leopold of the Two Sicilies (1813–1860), count of Syracuse, was (like Ferdinand) born of king Francis I's second marriage to Maria Isabella of Spain. Nephew of Maria's mother (queen Maria Amalia), he was thus also half-brother to the duchesse de Berry, born by Francis I's first marriage to archduchess Maria Clementina of Austria,and mother of the Legitimist pretender to the throne of France, the duc de Bordeaux.
However, following the uprisings which afflicted France in April 1834, the court of Naples demanded that Marie immediately receive the part of the Orléans family fortune which was due to her by the "donation-partage" Louis-Philippe had made among his children on 7 August 1830 on the eve on his accession to the throne. Louis-Philippe judged this demand unreasonable, and the marriage proceedings came to an end.
In 1837, princess Marie married prince Duke Alexander of Württemberg (1804–1881). Such a marriage was not prestigious and largely down to the intervention of the bridegroom's uncle, king Leopold of Belgium, who was also the bride's brother-in-law. The ceremony took place on 18 October 1837 at the Grand Trianon in Versailles, restored by Louis-Philippe for his personal use. The civil ceremony was taken by chancelier Pasquier, the Catholic ceremony by Louis-Marie-Edmond Blanquart de Bailleul, bishop of Versailles, and the Lutheran ceremony by pastor Cuvier. The following reception took days and was hosted by the king and queen.
In 1838, weakened by pulmonary tuberculosis, Marie left for Pisa with the hope that the more favourable climate would help her to a cure. Her brother, the duc de Nemours, was later sent to escort her on their parents' instructions and arrived just before her death on 6 January 1839. She was buried on 27 January at the royal chapel at Dreux.
- ^ Due to the mixed nature of this marriage, the Archbishop of Paris, de Quélen, forbade its being celebrated in a cathedral (as he had done with the marriages of Marie's siblings Louise and Ferdinand-Philippe).
- ^ Portrait présumé de la princesse Marie d’Orléans, 1831 - Paris.fr
- Catalogue, Marie d'Orléans, 1813-1839, Princesse et artiste romantique, Somogy, Paris, 2008 ISBN 2-7572-0165-4.
- Marie d’Orléans 1813–39 - Princess and Romantic Artist - exhibition at the Louvre, 18 April - 21 July 2008 (supplemented by an exhibition at the Musée Condé de Chantilly
- Marie d'Orléans 1813-1829 - Musée du Louvre - Paris
Princesses of Orléans 1st Generation 2nd Generation
Marie Louise, Queen of Spain^ · Anne Marie, Queen of Sardinia^ · Élisabeth Charlotte, Duchess of Lorraine^
3rd Generation 4th Generation
Princess Louise Marie^
Mademoiselle d'Orléans^ · Bathilde, Princess of Condé^
Françoise, Mademoiselle de Chartres^ · Adélaïde, Princess of Orléans
7th Generation 8th Generation 9th Generation 10th Generation
Isabelle, Princess Pierre Murat · Françoise, Princess Cristopher of Greece and Denmark · Anne, Duchess of Aosta · Marie Louise, Princess Philip of the Two Sicilies · Princess Sophie · Genieviève, Marchioness of Chaponay
Isabelle, Countess of Schönborn-Buchheim · Hélène, Countess Evrard of Limburg-Stirum · Anne, Duchess of Calabria · Diane, Duchess of Württemberg · Claude, Duchess of Aosta · Chantal, Baroness François Xavier de Sambucy de Sorgue · Gerarda, Marchioness of Marchelina · Beatriz, Countess Tomasso Farini
Isabelle, Princess Gundakar of Liechtenstein · Princess Blanche · Princess Clothilde, Mrs. Edouard Crépy · Princess Adélaïde, Mrs. Pierre-Louis Dailly · Diane, Viscountess Alexis of Noailles · Princess Pilar, Mrs. Nicholas Henderson-Stewart · Princess Eulalia
Princess Thérèse Isabelle · Princess Louise Marie · Princesse Hélène · Princess Isabelle^never styled Princess of Orléans
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