- Ryton, Tyne and Wear
infobox UK place
country = England
population = around 8,000
Tyne and Wear
region= North East England
post_town = RYTON
postcode_district = NE40
Ryton is a semi-rural small town near the western border of
Tyne and Wear, England. Once an independent town in County Durhamit became incorporated into the metropolitan county of Tyne and Wear and the Metropolitan Borough of Gatesheadin 1974.
Ryton lies midway between
Crawcrookand Blaydon, both in Tyne and Wear.
Traditionally, Ryton's economy was built upon
agricultureand coal mining. Some think that coal-mining was taking place in the area as early as Roman times, however it was not until 1239when Henry III granted that coal may be mined outside the walls that mining became extensive. The agriculture industry on Ryton was mixed and included both pastoral farmingand arable farming.
As well as its coal industry, Ryton formerly contained the lead-smelting
reverberatory furnaces of the "Ryton Company", whose mines were on Alston Moor. This business was amalgamated into the London Lead Companyin 1705.
Ryton soon became a place of migration for the wealthy, who wanted to escape the
urban sprawlof the Industrial Revolutionin Gatesheadand Newcastle-Upon-Tyne.
A reminder of Ryton's affluent past is found in some of the old mansions at old Ryton village, a place rich in rural qualities because of its proximity to Ryton willows on the banks of the
After the decline of the coal industry during the second half of the
twentieth centuryRyton became increasingly suburbanised and is now used as a commuter village for those that work in the more urban areas of Tyneside.
local government, Ryton is located in the 'Ryton, Crookhill and Stella ward'. The ward is in the outer west of the borough. The ward is served by three councillors, all Liberal Democrats. Gateshead Council is Labour controlled.
Ryton is located within the
parliamentary constituencyof Blaydon. Its current MP is Labour's Dave Anderson.
The neighbouring village of Crawcrook is a nexus of
coal miningnostalgia also. Remnants of several old pits across Ryton and Crawcrook, including Emma, Clara and Addison can still be found. Within a couple of hundred metres of both Crawcrook and Ryton main street there is rich countryside.
Perhaps the most impressive section of this countryside is Ryton Willows Local Nature Reserve located on the banks of the Tyne, just past Old Ryton Village. It consists of 43 hectares of
grassland, ponds, woodland and locally-rare rare species of floraand fauna. Because of this it has been designated as a site of special scientific interest. [ [http://www.cycle-routes.org/cycle-gateshead/routes/keelmans/keel_landmarks.html Cycle-routes] ]
Other areas of countryside include nearby Stargate pond and Addison and Hedgefield woods. It is at Addison woods that
Alexander Graham Bellmade one of his pioneering telephone calls. [ [http://www.gateshead.gov.uk/Leisure%20and%20Culture/countryside/sites/addison.aspx Gateshead BC] ]
Further up the Tyne Valley, past the village of Crawcrook and into the border of
Northumberland, there are rural market towns such as Prudhoe, Corbridgeand Hexham.
A relatively affluent area of Gateshead, Ryton has experienced
suburbanisationin recent years and is now used as a commuterarea for those that work in the more urban areas of Tyneside.
Despite being a
provincialsuburb, Ryton remains a vibrant area, with a variety of local amenities. In the more central part of Ryton these include a Somerfieldsupermarket, a Sainsbury's Local store and a selection of independent shops such as Dominic Pizza's, Coffee Johnny's, a small bookshop and a Deli as well as a chiropodist, dentistand various hair and beauty salons. Ryton also boasts several restaurants and six public houses, four of which are located away from Ryton Main Street, in Ryton Village. The nearby village of Crawcrook offers more services, including a doctor's surgery, two veterinarysurgeries, another chiropodist, another dentist and a restaurant.
Ryton also has an extensive
Edwardianpark which includes children's playing equipment, a bowling greenand an aviary.
Away from the town centre there is a country club hotel and two
golf courses, Tyneside golf club at Ryton, and Ryton golf club in nearby Clara Vale. Both are situated in tranquil areas, near the banks of the Tyne.
Ryton is home to three schools, Ryton Infant's School, Ryton Primary School and Ryton
Comprehensive School, all of which occupy the same site in the town. Nearby Crawcrook offers two more primary schools. Crookhill primary is also nearby.
Sport also plays a role in the local community. Apart from its golf facilities and its Edwardian park, Ryton has its own
Football (soccer)club, Ryton F.C.who play at Crawcrook, its own Rugby unionteam, Ryton Rugby Football Club $at nearby Barmoor. There is also a judoclub located in Crawcrook. Ryton also has its own cricket club, situated opposite Ryton Comprehensive School.
Ryton also benefits from good public transport with regular bus services to Crawcrook, Prudhoe and Hexham to the west, and the
MetroCentre, Gateshead and Newcastle to the east.
Other features of Ryton
The earliest record of a church in Ryton is in
1112. However, the oldest surving church is the The Holy Cross church, the oldest building in Ryton that dates back to 1220. The most striking feature of the church is its 13th centurybroach spirewhich is 36 m tall. Other well known artefacts include a 13th century Frosterly marble effigyof a deaconholding a book.
There have been a number of prominent
rectors of Ryton. These include Thomas Secker( 1727), later the Archbishop of Canterbury. Charles Thorp( 1807) Virtual Founder and first warden of the University of Durhamand The Hon. Richard Byron ( 1769) brother of William Byron, 5th Baron Byronand great-uncle of Lord Byron.
village greenhas a rich history with religious and social significance. It is at this green that both John Wesleyand Charles Wesleypreached. The green, like many greens in similar villages, played host to an annual vibrant fair which would include jugglers, dancersand local stalls.
pinfolddates back to the 12th century. During the second half of the twentieth century the pinfold was restored.
The annual [http://www.rytonfestival.org.uk Ryton Music Festival] , held over February and March, has been held in the village for more than sixty years. It offers a variety of music and drama including choral singing and
There is also the Ryton Summer festival, held at the local comprehensive school. Activities here usually include live music, sport and arts and crafts stalls.
Each year on the Tuesday before Christmas Eve villagers gather on the village green to sing traditional [http://www.carolsatthecross.org.uk carols] accompanied by a local brass band.
External links and references
* [http://www.gateshead.gov.uk/DocumentLibrary/People/Strategies/WardCensusMar04/Ryton%20March%2004.pdf Census 2001 Summary of the Ryton, Stella and Crookhill ward. Provided by Gateshead Council.]
* [http://www.thischurch.com Ryton Methodist Church]
* [http://www.asaplive.com/Local/Histories.cfm?ccs=529&cs=1987 An account of the local history of Ryton and its surrounding area.]
* [http://www.carolsatthecross.org.uk Ryton Annual Christmas Carol event]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Tyne and Wear — Geografie Status: Zeremonielle Grafschaft Region: North East England Fläche: 540 km² Demografi … Deutsch Wikipedia
Murton, Tyne and Wear — Coordinates: 55°01′52″N 1°29′13″W / 55.031°N 1.487°W / 55.031; 1.487 … Wikipedia
Civil parishes in Tyne and Wear — A map of Tyne and Wear, showing the Metropolitan Boroughs: (1) Gateshead; (2) Newcastle upon Tyne; (3) North Tyneside; (4) South Tyneside; and (5) Sunderland. A civil parish is a subnational entity, forming the lowest unit of local government in… … Wikipedia
Cox Green, Tyne and Wear — Coordinates: 54°53′24″N 1°28′59″W / 54.890°N 1.483°W / 54.890; 1.483 … Wikipedia
List of Sites of Special Scientific Interest in Tyne and Wear — There are 36 Sites of Special Scientific Interest (SSSIs) in Tyne and Wear, England. As of 2008, of the 36 designated sites, ? have been designated due to their biological interest, ? due to their geological interest, and ? for both. [cite web |… … Wikipedia
List of places in Tyne and Wear — This is a list of cities, towns and villages in the ceremonial county of Tyne and Wear, England. See the list of places in England for places in other counties.compactTOC NOTOC AAlbany, Annitsford, Ashbrooke, Ayton, Abbey Farm, Abbey Grange,… … Wikipedia
Ryton — could be*Ryton (polymer)*Ryton, Gloucestershire *Ryton, Herefordshire *Ryton, North Yorkshire *Ryton, Shropshire *Ryton, Tyne and Wear **Ryton F.C. *Ryton on Dunsmore, Warwickshire *River Ryton *George Ryton … Wikipedia
Ryton Comprehensive School — is a secondary school in Ryton, Tyne and Wear. The school teaches around 1200 students, most of whom come from the local Ryton and Crawcrook area, though some students residing in Greenside, Prudhoe and Winlaton also attend. External links *… … Wikipedia
Ryton — kann bedeuten: Polyphenylensulfid Ryton (Tyne and Wear), Stadt in Nordost England Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mit demselben Wort bezeichneter Begriffe … Deutsch Wikipedia
Newcastle upon Tyne — This article is about the English city. For other uses, see Newcastle. Coordinates: 54°58.440′N 1°36.792′W / 54.974°N 1.6132°W / 54.974; 1 … Wikipedia