Eastern Slavonia, Baranja and Western Srem


Eastern Slavonia, Baranja and Western Srem

Infobox Former Country
native_name =Српска област Источна Славонија, Барања и Западни Срем
conventional_long_name = Serbian Autonomous Oblast of Eastern Slavonia, Baranja and Western Srem
common_name = Srem-Baranja Oblast
continent = Europe
region = Balkans
country = Croatia
status =
status_text =
government_type =Republic of Serbian Krajina Government-in-exile
era = Breakup of Yugoslavia
event_start =
year_start = 1995
date_start =
event_end =
year_end = 1998
date_end =
event1 =
date_event1 =
event2 =
date_event2 =
event3 =
date3 =
event_post =
date_post =
p1 = Republic of Serbian Krajina
flag_p1 = Flag of Serbian Krajina (1991).svg
s1 = Croatia
flag_s1 = Flag_of_Croatia.svg







|thumb|300px
capital = Vukovar
title_leader =
leader1 =
leader2 =
leader3 =

SAO Eastern Slavonia, Baranja and Western Srem (Serbian: "SAO Istočna Slavonija, Baranja i Zapadni Srem" / "САО Источна Славонија, Барања и Западни Срем") or Serbian Autonomous Oblast of Eastern Slavonia, Baranja and Western Srem was a Serbian autonomous region (oblast) in Croatia. It was one of the two SAO's that formed the Republic of Serbian Krajina in 1991. SAO Eastern Slavonia, Baranja and Western Srem included parts of geographical regions of Eastern Slavonia, Baranja and Western Srem.

History

Like the SAO of Krajina it was developed by the Serbian National Council, but was the one representing Eastern Slavonia, Baranja and Western Srem. It was created in response to Croatia and Slovenia declaring independence on June 25, 1991. The SAO was declared on June 25, and on June 26 its first president was declared to be Goran Hadžić.

The region was part of the Republic of Serbian Krajina between 1991 and 1995. It later went on to be under UN Administration under UNTAES (in 1995), while it was peacefully reintegrated into Croatia (in 1997). It was sometimes called 'Podunavska Krajina' by Serbs or 'Croatian Podunavlje' by Croats, while the name used for it between 1995 and 1997 was 'Srem-Baranja Oblast'.

Population

The population of this area was ethnically mixed. Before the war, the total population of the area numbered 192,163 inhabitants, and was composed of 90,454 (47%) Croats, 61,492 (32%) Serbs, and 40,217 (21%) others (Hungarians, Roma, Germans, Rusyns, Slovaks, etc).

During the war in Croatia, 109,500 Serbs lived in this area.

Inhabited places

Main cities in the area were Vukovar and Beli Manastir. Other important places included Borovo, Darda, Dalj, Ilok, etc.

Municipalities

During the existence of the Republic of Serbian Krajina, the region was divided into five municipalities: Beli Manastir (in Baranja), Dalj and Tenja (in eastern Slavonia), and Vukovar and Mirkovci (in western Srem).

ee also

*Republic of Serbian Krajina
*United Nations Transitional Administration for Eastern Slavonia, Baranja and Western Sirmium

External links

* [http://web.ku.edu/~eceurope/hist557/lect20_files/yugoslavprovinces.jpgMap]
* [http://www.croatianforces.co.uk/Eastern_slavonia_91-92_map.jpgMap]
* [http://terkepek.adatbank.transindex.ro/kepek/netre/292.gifMap]
* [http://www.pointernet.pds.hu/touristinfo/croatia/image/g.jpgMap]


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