- Edmonton, London
infobox UK place
country = England
map_type = Greater London
population= 96,493 (2001 Census)
static_image_caption= The church of All Saints
postcode_district= N9, N18
Edmonton is an area in the east of the
London Borough of Enfield, England, United Kingdomwith a long history as a settlement distinct from Enfield. The man-made River Lee Diversionadjoins the east of Edmonton and forms the boundaries between Enfieldand Waltham Forest. [ [http://anidea.co.uk/lower-edmonton/transport/watercourses/riverlee.html Lower Edmonton - The River Lee (or Lea) ] ]
Edmonton is convert|8.6|mi|km|1 north-north-east of
Charing Crossand stretches from just south of the North Circular Road in the south to just past Edmonton Green in the north and from the Great Cambridge Road in the west to the River Leain the east. The northern part of Edmonton (N9 postal district) is known as Lower Edmontonand the southern part (N18) as Upper Edmonton.
Edmonton had a population of 96,493 in the 2001 census [http://www.enfield-observatory.org.uk/downloads/Edmonton.pdf Enfield observatory census 2001] Retrieved
February 27 2008]
The three white groups made up 66.1% of the population and thirteen ethnic groups the remainder.
Constituency profile April 2004
Edmonton has a young, ethnically diverse population. It has significantly higher proportions of
Muslimsthan the borough average. It is clearly the most deprived part of Enfield and has the highest crime rate. Satisfaction with the area is as high as for Enfield as a whole with environmental concerns ranking highest.
Since the 1960s Edmonton has been transformed from a predominantly white,
working classindustrial suburb into a multiculturalarea by commonwealth immigrationand in recent years asylum seekers.
In 2008 the Edmonton Green ward has been identified as having one of the highest numbers of working age adults living on
state benefitsin the UK. [ [http://www.thesun.co.uk/sol/homepage/news/money/article925726.ece The Sun news report] Retrieved April 07 2008]
In the first three months of 2008 five young men have been murdered, most of them victims of knife crime. The area has become known as "Shank Town". [ [http://www.dailymail.co.uk/pages/live/articles/news/news.html?in_article_id=557336&in_page_id=1770 Daily Mail news report] Retrieved
April 07 2008]
Edmonton Greenarea is currently being redeveloped by St. Modwen Plc. The £100 million project will include new housing, bus station, clinic and refurbishment of the shopping centre. [ [http://www.stmodwen.co.uk/development/results/16/16/default/39 St. Modwen Plc] Retrieved April 20 2008]
Sites or buildings of historic interest
*"' The mostly 15th century church is located in Church Street. It is the oldest building in Edmonton.
*. The houses were adjacent to the now demolished "Angel" public house.
* and opened in 1908. The building today is used as a gymnasium.
Mary Lamboccupied the house between 1833-34, and is where Charles Lamb died. [ [http://www.enfield.gov.uk/448/Literary%20Enfield.htm Charles and Mary Lamb] Retrieved March 29 2008] The cottage was sold to its new owners in June 2008. [ [http://www.rightmove.co.uk/viewdetails-7060860.rsp?pa_n=1&trt=buy Lambs cottage details] Retrieved March 29 2008]
* in 1979 in a complex that includes the Millfield Theatre and Weir Hall Library.
* Salisbury House. The house dates to the late 16th/early 17th century, and is the oldest building in Edmonton apart from All Saints' Church. The house which is located in Bury Street West, Lower Edmonton has been a private residence and a school before it was bought by Edmonton council in 1936. The building was established as an arts centre in 1957 (the first to be provided by a local authority in London). [ [http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=26938 British history] Retrieved
April 01 2008] In 1992 it underwent a major restoration. The house is Grade 11 listed along with some of the surrounding walls. [ [http://anidea.co.uk/lower-edmonton/local/buryst.html Salisbury House] Retrieved April 01 2008]
Deephams Sewage Treatment Worksis located near Picketts Lock
Edmonton Incineratorthe largest incinerator in the UK
William Girling Reservoiris one of the reservoirs in the Lee Valley Reservoir Chain
"For further details see article"
List of schools in the London Borough of Enfield
Edmonton County School
The Gladys Aylward School
The Latymer School
* Salisbury School
*Eldon Road (J),
*Latymer All Saints CE,
*St. John& St.James CE,
*Starks Field, Wilbury
Places of worship
All Saints' Church. A mainly 15th century church located in Church Street.
* St Aldhelm's church. Is located in Silver Street
Upper Edmonton. Built in 1903 and designed by William Douglas Caroe[ [http://www.saintmarymagdalene.org.uk/section/37 St Aldhelms church] Retrieved March 29 2008]
* St Alphege's church. Was erected in 1958 and designed by
Edward Maufe. The church can be found at the junction of the Hertford Road and Galliard Road. [ [http://www.anidea.co.uk/lower-edmonton/buildings/churches.html Edmonton churches and places of worship] Retrieved March 22 2008]
* St Edmund's RC church. Built between 1905-1907 . The church is on the junction of the Hertford Road and Bounces Road.
The main shopping centre in Edmonton is at
Edmonton Greenwhich has a popular market, the second largest is at the Angel, Edmonton which is a high street.
The old highway
Ermine Streetpassed through what is today Edmonton. Ermine Street was the main Roman Roadfrom London through Lincoln and on to York. Edmonton appears in the Domesday Bookof 1086, where it is recorded as Adelmentone.
Edmonton Hundred was a division of the historic county of
Middlesexfrom Saxon times, an area of some 31,000 acres (125km2) stretching up the west bank of the Lea from Tottenham to the county boundary south of Waltham Cross, and west into what is now Hertfordshireas far as South Mimms. Local government in the modern sense began in 1837 with the Edmonton Union, set up under the Poor Law Amendment Act 1834. This also covered a wide district of 47,102 acres (191km2), including the modern boroughs of Haringey and Enfield, plus Cheshunt, Waltham Abbeyand Waltham Cross. The population of this area grew rapidly, reaching 445,875 by 1911 and would today be about 615,000. As the population mushroomed Middlesex was subdivided into many small local government areas, a much smaller Edmonton of 3894 acres (16km2) eventually achieving the status of borough(main article Municipal Borough of Edmonton) in 1937. At the 1961 census the borough had a population of 91,956. [ [http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/place/place_page.jsp?p_id=444&st=Edmonton Census and boundary data from Vision of Britain - Edmonton Middlesex through time] ] This was absorbed into the London Borough of Enfield in 1965, and the former Town Hall and civic buildings were controversially demolished by Enfield Council in 1989. [Short architectural description of the Town Hall " Buildings of England" pp425 London:4 North Bridget Cherry& Nikolaus PevsnerISBN 0-14-071049-3 Retrieved December 02, 2007] Pymmes Parkwith its historic walled garden is Upper Edmonton's park.Pymmes Park originated as a private estate. In the late 16th century it was owned by the powerful Cecil family. In 1589 Robert Cecil, later 1st Earl of Salisbury, spent his honeymoon at Pymmes. The estate was eventually acquired by Edmonton Council and opened as a public park in 1906. Pymmes House was destroyed by fire during World War IIand the remains were demolished.
Robert Cecil was a protege of
Francis Walsingham, Elizabeth I's chief spymaster and he succeeded him as Secretary of Statein 1590.
In the 17th century the then rural Edmonton had a reputation for
supernaturalactivities. In approximately 1600, a playentitled " The Merry Devil of Edmonton" was performed in London about a wizard who lived there.
In 1621 the villagers accused an old woman, Elizabeth Sawyer, of
witchcraftand she was subsequently executedat Tyburn; her story was told in a pamphlet by Henry Goodcole, and in a 1621 play entitled " The Witch of Edmonton".
The historic All Saints' Church is situated in Church Street as is Lamb's Cottage, which was home to writers
Charles Lamband Mary Lamb. John Keats, the poet, was apprenticedto surgeonDr. Hammond in Church Street between 1810-1816. The house was demolished in 1931 to be replaced by Keats Parade. An extant shop carries a blue plaquein commemoration. [http://anidea.co.uk/lower-edmonton/local/churchst.html Church Street] Retrieved April 01 2008]
Edmonton was the home town of Sir James Winter Lake, director of the
Hudson's Bay Company. The company's trading outpost named after Edmonton is now the capital of what is today the Canadian province of Alberta.
The Diverting History of John Gilpin
William Cowper, the 18th century poet relates the comic tale of real-life character John Gilpina linen draperof CheapsideLondon.
Gilpin's spouse decides she and her husband should spend their twentieth wedding anniversary at "The Bell Inn", Fore Street, Edmonton. The journey is beset with misfortune from start to finish. Gilpin loses control of his horse which carries him on to the town of
Wareten miles distant. On the return journey, Gilpin is still unable to handle his steed, as he once again he fails to stop at "The Bell". The horse gallops back to Cheapside much to the dismay of his concerned spouse. [ [http://www.bartleby.com/41/324.html The Diverting History of John Gilpin] Retrieved June 10 2008]
Gilpin is remembered in Edmonton by the statue at Fore Street. The
Wetherspoons outlet the "Gilpin's Bell" public house opposite the site of the original inn and the 1950s council housingGilpin House in Upper Fore Street.
Edmonton was home to many industries which included manufacturing of gas appliances,
electrical componentsand furniture. Most of this has been lost in the latter part of the 20th century. Some of the household names that produced goods here include MK electric, Ever Readybatteries, British Oxygen, Glover and Maingas appliances. Eley Industrial Estatewas named after Eley Brothersthe firearms cartridge manufacturer. Its shot towerwas a distinctive landmark on the Edmonton skyline, demolished late 20th century. Due to its close proximity to the River Lee Navigation, timber was transported by barge from the London docks and stored in riverside wharves. As a result many furniture makers including Nathans, Beautility and Homeworthy had factories here. Today Parker-Knollproducts are manufactured at the former B&I Nathan factory on the Eley Industrial Estate [http://www.krofire.com/Clients2.htm] . The skyline here is dominated by the 100 metre Edmonton Incineratorchimney which was built in 1971. Other major employers here include Coca Cola[http://www.cokecce.co.uk/cce/about_6.html]
Railway and transport
The railway arrived in 1840 with the opening of the first section of the Lea Valley Line from Stratford to
Broxbourne. A station was provided in Water Lane (Angel Road). As the station was badly sited and the trains were slow and expensive, few people used the railway in the early days, preferring the horse buses. In 1845 there were buses every 15 minutes along Fore Street, travelling alternately to Bishopsgateand Holborn.
The single-track line from a junction just north of Angel Road to Enfield Town opened on
1 March 1849, with an intermediate single-platform station at Lower Edmonton, located at the edge of the village green. The service was infrequent and often required a change of train at the junction. This, coupled with the train taking the long way round through Stratford to get to the terminus at Bishopsgate, meant that the railway offered little competition to the existing horse coaches and buses.
The direct line from London to Enfield Town was opened in four stages, from
Bethnal Greento Stoke Newingtonon 27 May 1872; from Stoke Newington through to Lower Edmonton High Level on 22 July 1872, with stations in Edmonton at Silver Street and a new High Level station at Lower Edmonton, which was renamed Edmonton Green in 1992; the short section from Lower Edmonton High Level to Edmonton Junction (where the new line met the original Eastern Counties Railwayroute from Angel Road to Enfield Town via Lower Edmonton Low Level) on 1 August 1872; and the suburban platforms on the west side of Liverpool Street stationon 2 February 1874.
The stations were well sited and offered exceptionally cheap workmen's fares of just 2d on trains arriving at Liverpool Street prior to 07:00, 3d on those arriving between 07:00 and 07:30, and half-price returns on those arriving between 07:30 and 08:00. A horse tramway along Fore Street opened in 1881. The tramway was re-constructed and electrified during 1905, lasting until 1938 when trolley buses took over.
Leisure and recreation
* Edmonton Cricket Club . The
cricketclub was founded in 1872 and is located in Church Street. [ [http://www.crossway13.demon.co.uk/ Edmonton Cricket Club] Retrieved April 07 2008] The ground is also home to the Norsemen footballclub. [ [http://www.norsemenfc.com/ Norsemen Football Club] Retrieved April 07 2008]
* Edmonton Leisure Centre located at
Edmonton Greenopened in August 2007. Facilities include a swimming pool and sports hall. [ [http://www.enfieldleisurecentres.co.uk/html/1096.html Edmonton Leisure Centre] Retrieved March 22 2008]
Lee Valley Leisure Complexlocated at Picketts Lockand is part of the Lee Valley Park
Pymmes Brook Trailcrosses Edmonton to join the Lea Valley Walkat Pickett's Lock on the River Lee Navigation.
Anglingis allowed upstream and downstream of Picketts Lock.Information from the Lee Anglers' Consortium. [ [http://www.lee-anglers-consortium.co.uk/picketts.htm Angling downstream of Pickett's Lock] Retrieved March 31 2008] [ [http://www.lee-anglers-consortium.co.uk/ponders.htm Angling upstream of Pickett's Lock] Retrieved March 31 2008]
* The River Lee Navigation's
towpathforms part of National Cycle Route 1and the Lea Valley Walk.
Parks, gardens and open spaces
"For further details see article"
Enfield parks and open spaces
* Bury Lodge gardens. The gardens are located in Bury Street West. Built on land belonging to Bury Lodge house (demolished 1935) and the nearby Salisbury House. The ornamental garden includes brick pillared
pergolas, rose gardens and a pond. Other facilities are a playing field. The southern boundary of the park is bordered by Salmons Brook. [ [http://www.parkexplorer.org.uk/park_intro.asp?ID=ENF04 Bury Lodge gardens] Retrieved March 11 2008] [http://www.anidea.co.uk/lower-edmonton/leisure/burylodge.html Photos of Bury Lodge Gardens and Churchfields Recreation Ground] Retrieved March 11 2008]
* Churchfields Recreation Ground. The recreation ground is located close to the A10 in Lower Edmonton. The grounds facilities include playing fields and children's play area. The site is the home to London's only complete
World War IICivil Defence Centre. [ [http://www.subbrit.org.uk/rsg/sites/e/edmonton_bc1/index.html World War 2 Civil Defence Centre] Retrieved March 11 2008]
* Craig Park gbmappingsmall|TQ3448092570. The park is located in
Upper Edmontonand lies close to Angel Road A406. Facilities include sports pitches, children's play area. and hardcourt.
* Jubilee Park. Covering 37 acres of land previously used for
brick-making. The park opened on June 24, 1939 to commemorate King George V Silver Jubileein 1935. Facilities include, the Henry Barass stadium, formal gardens , pitch and putt, sports pitches, tennis courts and wildlife area. [ [http://www.parkexplorer.org.uk/park_details.asp?ID=ENF13 Jubilee Park] Retrieved March 10 2008] [ [http://www.enfield.gov.uk/461/Jubilee%20Park%20Management%20Plan.pdf Jubilee Park Management Plan 2007-2011] Retrieved March 10 2008]
* Montagu Road Recreation Ground gbmappingsmall|TQ3511193199. The recreation ground is located in Montagu Road B137. The facilities include playing fields, children's play area and hard courts.
* Plevna Road Open Space.Open space close to
Pymmes Park. This historic park is located in Upper Edmonton and borders the North Circular Road
* Tatem Park and Hollywood Gardens. The park and the gardens opened in 1938 and were built on a former gravel pit which belonged to the Tatem sisters, who donated the site to Edmonton Borough Council in the 1930s, for use as a public park. The gardens are named after Alderman Hollywood, former Mayor of Edmonton. The ornamental gardens occupy a triangle between two main roads A10 and the A111. In 1983 a nature area was created with the accent on wildlife conservation. [ [http://www.parkexplorer.org.uk/park_intro.asp?ID=enf28 Tatem Park and Hollywood Gardens] Retrieved
March 11 2008]
Theatre and the arts
Edmonton is the home of the
Millfield Arts Centreand Face Front Inclusive Theatre Company. [ [http://www.facefront.org/ Face Front theatre company] ]
* In an episode of
BBC, television, comedy Some Mothers Do 'Ave 'EmFrank Spencer played by Michael Crawford roller skatesdown the now demolished bridge at Edmonton Green, and in the same episode he skates at the indoor rink at the now demolished Picketts Lock Centre [ [http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0069634/trivia Some Mothers Do 'Av 'Em] Retrieved March 10 2008] [ [http://youtube.com/watch?v=lFLpwRMS00g&feature=related Some Mothers Do 'Ave 'Em - Video] Retrieved April 10 2008]
* The Empire Music Hall was the venue for
Marie Lloyd's last stage performance in 1922. She was taken ill on stage and died several days later [ [http://anidea.co.uk/lower-edmonton/leisure/leisure.html Marie Lloyd] Retrieved March 10 2008]
* The video for the
Lostprophetssong Shinobi vs. Dragon Ninjawas filmed in a car park at Edmonton Green. [ [http://www.dragonninja.com/knowledge/faq/ Lostprophets- The Videos] Retrieved April 09 2008]
River Lee Diversion
River Lee Navigation
*The Overflow Channel flows along the western perimeter of the William Girling reservoir to merge with the River Lee diversion, close to the
Lea Valley Viaduct.
Tottenhamto the south
Palmers Greento the west
Walthamstowto the east
Ponders Endto the north
Winchmore Hillto the north
Angel Road railway station
Edmonton Green railway station
Silver Street railway station
The following people were born in or lived in Edmonton:
John Clayton Adams(landscape artist)
Gladys Aylward(Protestant missionary)
Percival Harry Barton(footballer)
Dudley Benjafield(racecar driver& alumni of the university of london)
Charles Coward(world war II hero)
David Evans (politician)
Ray Evans (footballer)
Dave Murray (musician)
Kevin Nugent (footballer)
Paul Rodgers (footballer)
Mike Smith (Dave Clark Five)(musician)
* Norman Smith (producer, musician)
Leslie Welch(radio and tv personality}
B.J. Wilson(rock drummer)
Notable people educated in Edmonton
Edmonton County School
Kriss Akabusi, athlete
Basil Hoskins, actor
Kevan James, cricketer
**Kelly Johnson, guitarist
Debbie Kurup, actress
**Larry Lamb, actor
Daisy Ridgely, athlete
Roy Strong, historian
Norman Tebbit, politician
Ray Winstone, actor
The Latymer School
Eileen Atkins, actress
Johnny Haynes, footballer
Bruce Forsyth, entertainer
Claire-Hope Ashitey, actress
Syed Kamall, Conservative MEP
Poj masta, DJ
Albert Meltzer, British Anarchist
Tim Pope, Film and Video director
B.J. Wilson, Original drummer with Procol Harum
*"An Edmonton Boy" by Terry Webb ISBN 190398100X Published by Biograph 2000
*"A Poacher's Tale" told by A.T Curtis.Related by
Fred J SpeakmanISBN 0713509694 Published by George Bell & Sons1960
*"The Diverting History Of
John Gilpin" by William Cowper
* [http://www.enfield.gov.uk/461/Pymmes%20Park%20leaflet.PDF Pymmes Park Information]
* [http://www.leevalleypark.org.uk Lee Valley Park website]
* [http://anidea.co.uk/lower-edmonton/ Lower Edmonton N9 Information]
* [http://ecsosa.org.uk/theschool/pupils/ Edmonton County School Old Scholars Association]
* [http://www.enfield-observatory.org.uk/enfieldobservatory/ Reports and Statistics for Edmonton and Enfield Borough]
* [http://www.eleflat.co.uk/Edmonton-71_N9-2007-council-tax.htm Council Tax charges for Edmonton and Enfield Borough]
* [http://www.lee-anglers-consortium.co.uk Lee Anglers' Consortium]
* [http://homepages.gold.ac.uk/genuki/MDX/Edmonton/EdmontonHistory.html "The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland" (1868) at Genuki, UK and Ireland Genealogy. (A brief description and history of Edmonton from the 1868 Gazetteer)]
* [http://www.enfield.gov.uk/Leisure%20&%20Culture/local%20history/Lower%20Edmonton%20A%20History.htm A brief history of Lower Edmonton on the Enfield Council Website. (A succinct account starting early 1800s)]
* [http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?compid=26937 Edmonton: Economic History from British history Online. (This is detailed and starts in 1086)]
*cite book | author=Jackson, Alan A. | title=London's Local Railways (2nd Edition) | publisher=Capital Transport | year=1999 | id=ISBN 1-85414-209-7
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