- SAO Krajina
SAO Krajina (Serbian Cyrillic: "САО Крајина") or Serbian Autonomous Oblast of Krajina was a self proclaimed
Serbian autonomous region (oblast) in Croatia. It existed between 1990and 1991and was subsequently included into Republic of Serbian Krajina. SAO Krajina was the main section of the Republic of Serbian Krajina, also known as "Krajina proper".
In October 1990 the
SAO Kninska Krajinacame to encompase of Community (Association) of Municipalities of Northern Dalmatiaand Lika, these were "Associaitons of Municipalities". After encompassing these arease it became the Association of Autonomous Serb Municipalities, which soon started making their own government institutions including the Serbian National Council(parliament of the region).
Originally they thought
Franjo Tuđmanwanted to have Croatia as a nation statewithin the Yugoslavia after democratic and decentralizing reforms. When this turned out to be unlikely they wanted it to be independent of Croatia but within the mini-Yugoslavia proposed under the Belgrade Initiative.
February 28, 1991the SAO Krajina was officially declared. It announced that it planned to separate from Croatia if it moved for independence from Yugoslavia.
The Serb National Council on
March 16, 1991declared Krajina to be independent of Croatia but within the SFR Yugoslaviaif it voted for independence. Some leaders in Krajina declared it to be that Krajina is part of Serbia. May 12, 1991a referendum was held about leaving Croatia. It was restricted only to Serbs. The results were that Krajina is independent of Croatia but within SFR Yugoslaviaand that it should be annexed by Serbia.
Soon after this declaration conflict began between the Krajina Serbs and Croat authorities. In the time after this, particularly after
Sloveniaand Croatia declared independence, violence escalated as the Serbs expanded the territory they held with the help of the Yugoslav People's Army(JNA), eventually expanded the territory to include SAO of Eastern Slavonia, Baranja and Western Srijemand SAO Western Slavonia. The Serb-controlled territory included a third of Croatia.
December 19, 1991the two SAO's through the initiative of Milan Babić(president of SAO Krajina) and Goran Hadžić(president of SAO Eastern Slavonia, Baranja and Western Srijem) declared the two to represent a single Serbian state in Croatia with the name Republic of Serbian Krajina. In February 1992the republic declared itself independent.
Republic of Serbian Krajina
SAO Kninska Krajina
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