4th Air Defense Artillery Regiment (United States)


4th Air Defense Artillery Regiment (United States)

Infobox Military Unit
unit_name=4th Air Defense Artillery Regiment


caption=
dates= 1821-06-01 - Present
country=USA
branch=Regular Army
type=Air Defense Artillery
role=
size=Regiment
command_structure=
current_commander=
garrison=
ceremonial_chief=
colonel_of_the_regiment=
nickname=
patron=
motto=NULLI VESTIGIA RETRORSUM (No Step Backward)
colors=
march=
mascot=
battles=
notable_commanders=
anniversaries=


caption=Unit Crest of the 4th ADA Regiment

The 4th Air Defense Artillery Regiment was constituted 1821-06-01 in the Regular Army as the 4th Regiment of Artillery and organized from new and existing units with Headquarters at Pensacola, Florida. As a result of the division of the Artillery Corps into the Coast, and Field Artillery Corps, the Regiment was broken up 1901-02-13, and its elements reorganized and redesignated as separate numbered companies and batteries of the Artillery Corps.

4th Coast Artillery Regiment

The regiment was reconstituted on the 1924-07-01 in the Regular Army as the 4th Coast Artillery Regiment. As a result of inter-war reductions in military appropriations, the following reductions and increases in the force levels affected this regiment::Activated (less Batteries B, E, and F) 1924-08-18 in the Canal Zone.:(Battery C inactivated 1926-07-31 at Fort Amador, Canal Zone;:Batteries B, C, and F activated 1932-04-15 at Fort Amador, Canal Zone;:Battery E activated 1938-02-01 at Fort Amador, Canal Zone;:Battery O activated 1940-03-15 in the Canal Zone;:Batteries M and N activated 1940-10-14 in the Canal Zone;:Battery L activated 1941-01-27 in the Canal Zone)The Regiment (less Headquarters and Headquarters Battery) was disbanded 1944-10-03 in the Canal Zone. Afterwards, the regiment underwent more changes with its Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 4th Coast Artillery Regiment, reorganized and redesignated 1944-11-01 as Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 4th Coast Artillery Group. The remainder of the regimental assets were used to organize the 4th Coast Artillery Battalion.

*Regiment (less Headquarters and Headquarters Battery) reconstituted 1944-10-12 in the Regular Army, concurrently consolidated with the 4th Coast Artillery Battalion (constituted 1944-10-03 in the Army of the United States) and consolidated unit designated as the 4th Coast Artillery Battalion;:Activated 1944-11-01 in the Canal Zone:Disbanded (less Batteries A and D) 1946-02-01 in the Canal Zone (Batteries A and D concurrently redesignated as Batteries A and D, Harbor Defenses of Balboa;:inactivated 1947-01-15 and 1950-05-15, respectively, in the Canal Zone) 4th Coast Artillery Battalion (less Batteries A and D) :reconstituted 1950-06-28 in the Regular Army; concurrently, battalion and Batteries A and D, Harbor Defenses of Balboa, redesignated as the 4th Coast Artillery Regiment (less Headquarters and Headquarters Battery)
*Remainder of the 4th Coast Artillery Regiment reorganized 1951-06-28 as follows:
*1st Battalion consolidated with the 4th Antiaircraft Artillery Automatic Weapons Battalion (active) (see below) and consolidated unit designated as the 4th Antiaircraft Artillery Automatic Weapons Battalion:Redesignated 1950-07-31 as the 4th Antiaircraft Artillery Battalion:Inactivated [1957-06-16 June 1957 in England
*2d Battalion redesignated as the 20th Antiaircraft Artillery Battalion:Redesignated 1952-03-13 as the 20th Antiaircraft Artillery Gun Battalion:Activated 1952-05-08 at Fort Lewis, Washington:Redesignated 1953-05-01 as the 20th Antiaircraft Artillery Battalion:Inactivated 1957-12-20 at Phantom Lake, Washington
*3d Battalion redesignated as the "44th Antiaircraft Artillery Battalion":Redesignated 1951-04-01 as the 44th Antiaircraft Artillery Gun Battalion and activated at Fort Stewart, Georgia:Redesignated 1953-08-03 as the 44th Antiaircraft Artillery Battalion:Redesignated 1955-03-22 as the 44th Antiaircraft Artillery Missile Battalion:Inactivated 1958-09-01 at Niagara Falls, New York

4th Coast Artillery Battalion

As the 4th Coast Artillery Battalion, it was reorganized and redesignated 1945-01-02 as Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, Harbor Defenses of Balboa, but was inactivated on 1947-01-15 at Fort Amador, Canal Zone.

4th Antiaircraft Artillery Group

Consolidated again on 1950-06-28 with Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, as the 4th Antiaircraft Artillery Group (see below), the regiment was again consolidated as a unit and designated as the Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 4th Antiaircraft Artillery Group activated 1951-09-01 at Ladd Air Force Base, Alaska, and inactivated 1958-01-15 at Ladd Air Force Base, Alaska

Under the Combat Arms Regimental System (CARS) the Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 4th Antiaircraft Artillery Group was consolidated and reorganized to include::4th Antiaircraft Artillery Battalion;:20th Antiaircraft Artillery Battalion;:44th Antiaircraft Artillery Missile Battalion;

4th Air Defense Artillery

The 4th Field Artillery Battalion (organized in 1907) consolidated, reorganized, and redesignated 1958-09-01 as the 4th Artillery Regiment, a parent regiment under the Combat Arms Regimental System. The 4th Artillery Regiment (less former 4th Field Artillery Battalion) was again reorganized and redesignated 1971-09-01 as the 4th Air Defense Artillery, a parent regiment under the Combat Arms Regimental System (former 4th Field Artillery Battalion concurrently reorganized and redesignated as the 4th Field Artillery Regiment — hereafter separate lineage)
*Withdrawn 1986-09-13 from the Combat Arms Regimental System and reorganized under the United States Army Regimental System.

HHB, 4th AntiAircraft Artillery Group

*Constituted 1942-08-05 in the Army of the United States as Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 4th Antiaircraft Artillery Automatic Weapons Group
*Activated 1942-08-24 at Camp Stewart, Georgia
*Group deployed 1943-02-07 for North Africa.
*Arrived in North Africa on 1943-02-21, and landed on Sicily during August of 1943, and moved on to Italy on 1943-10-26.
*Redesignated 1944-05-01 as Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 4th Antiaircraft Artillery Group
*Inactivated 1944-12-09 at Barberino, Italy, with the assets and personnel reassigned to the 1168th Combat Engineer Group.
*Reconstituted 1950-06-28 in the Regular Army

3/95th Coast Artillery Regiment (AA)(Semimobile)

*Constituted 1940-12-16 in the Regular Army as the 95th Coast Artillery Regiment.
*Activated 1941-04-17 at Camp Davis, North Carolina
*Regiment Staged at Fort McDowell, California] on 1941-12-21
*Regiment deployed to Hawaii from the San Francisco, Port Of Embarkation on 1941-12-26, and arrived in Hawaii on 1942-01-07.
*Regiment reorganized and redesignated 1943-12-12 as follows::1/95th CAR became the 93rd AAA Gun Battalion, thereafter separate lineage.:2/95th CAR became the 752nd AAA Gun Battalion, thereafter separate lineage.:3/95th CAR became the 866th Antiaircraft Artillery Automatic Weapons Battalion.
*Battalion arrived on the Philippines on 1944-10-20.
*Battalion arrived on Okinawa on 1945-04-26, where it remained into the Occupation period.
*Inactivated 1946-09-30 in the Philippine Islands
*Redesignated 1948-10-13 as the 4th Antiaircraft Artillery Automatic Weapons Battalion
*Activated 1949-01-15 at Fort Bliss, Texas

Present Day

The 3th Battalion, 4th Air and Missile Defense is a battalion under the 108th ADA Brigade at Fort Bragg. They have transitioned from SHORAD to a mixed Patriot and Avenger Battalion. A Battery, 4th Air Defense Artillery is a THAAD unit.

Honors

Campaign Participation Credit

*War of 1812:

#Louisiana 1815

*Indian Wars:

#Creeks;
#Seminoles;
#Modocs;
#Little Big Horn;
#Nez Perces;
#Bannocks

*Mexican War:

#Palo Alto;
#Resaca de la Palma;
#Monterey;
#Vera Cruz;
#Cerro Gordo;
#Contreras;
#Chapultepec;
#Tamaulipas 1846

*Civil War:

#Peninsula;
#Shiloh;
#Valley;
#Manassas;
#Antietam;
#Fredericksburg;
#Murfreesborough;
#Chancellorsville;
#Gettysburg;
#Chickamauga;
#Chattanooga;
#Wilderness;
#Spotsylvania;
#Cold Harbor;
#Petersburg;
#Shenandoah;
#Nashville;
#Appomattox;
#Virginia 1861;
#Virginia 1862;
#Virginia 1863;
#Virginia 1864;
#Virginia 1865;
#Mississippi 1862

*World War II:

#American Theater, Streamer without inscription;
#Tunisia;
#Sicily;
#Naples-Foggia;
#Rome-Arno;
#Leyte;
#Ryukyus

*Vietnam (2nd (105mm howitzers, towed), 5th (155mm howitzers, self-propelled) and 8th Battalions (175mm gun, self-propelled), 4th Artillery) [p.97, Stanton] :

#Counteroffensive, Phase II;
#Counteroffensive, Phase III;
#Tet Counteroffensive;
#Counteroffensive, Phase IV;
#Counteroffensive, Phase V;
#Counteroffensive, Phase VI;
#Tet 69/Counteroffensive;
#Summer-Fall 1969;
#Winter-Spring 1970;
#Sanctuary Counteroffensive;
#Counteroffensive, Phase VII;
#Consolidation I

*Armed Forces Expeditions:

#Grenada

*Southwest Asia:

#Defense of Saudi Arabia;
#Liberation and Defense of Kuwait

Decorations

*Presidential Unit Citation (Army) for VIETNAM 1967
*Valorous Unit Award for SAIGON
*Meritorious Unit Commendation (Army) for VIETNAM 1968-1969
*Army Superior Unit Award for 1987

Commemorations

A 4th U.S. Artillery Regimental Brass Band exits that depicts the regimental band during the Civil War. [http://4thartillerybrassband.com/]

References

ources

* Stanton, Shelby L., "Vietnam Order of Battle: A Complete Illustrated Reference to US Army", Stackpole Books, 2003

External links

4th Air Defense Artillery

[http://www.history.army.mil/lineage/branches/ada/0004ada.htm+4th+Air+Defense+Artillery+Regiment&hl=en&ct=clnk&cd=3&gl=au&client=firefox-a] Lineage and Honors Information as of 30 September 1996 (cached)


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