Princess Maria Josepha of Saxony


Princess Maria Josepha of Saxony
Princess Maria Josepha of Saxony
Archduchess and Princess Maria Josepha of Austria; Princess Maria Josepha of Hungary, Bohemia, and Tuscany
Spouse Archduke Otto Francis of Austria
Issue
Charles I of Austria
Archduke Maximilian Eugen
Full name
German: Maria Josepha Luise Philippine Elisabeth Pia Angelika Margarete
House House of Wettin
House of Habsburg-Lorraine
Father George of Saxony
Mother Maria Anna of Portugal
Born 31 May 1867(1867-05-31)
Dresden, Kingdom of Saxony
Died 28 May 1944(1944-05-28) (aged 76)
Erlangen, Bavaria, Germany
Religion Roman Catholicism

Princess Maria Josepha of Saxony (31 May 1867 – 28 May 1944) was the mother of Emperor Charles I of Austria and the fifth child of George of Saxony and Infanta Maria Anna of Portugal.

Contents

Early life

Maria Josepha Louise Philippina Elisabeth Pia Angelica Margaret was the daughter of the future King George of Saxony (1832–1904) and Infanta Maria Anna of Portugal (1843–1884). Her maternal grandparents were Queen Maria II and King Ferdinand II of Portugal.

She was a younger sister of the last king of Saxony, Frederick Augustus III. Her maternal first cousins included (among others) Charles I of Portugal; Infante Afonso, Duke of Porto; Prince Wilhelm of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen; and Ferdinand I of Romania. Her paternal second cousin was the ill-fated Crown Prince Archduke Rudolf while George V of the United Kingdom was her third cousin.

Marriage

On 2 October 1886 at age nineteen, she married Archduke Otto Franz of Austria, "der Schöne" (the handsome), younger brother of the Archduke Franz Ferdinand who was killed in Sarajevo.

A pious woman, only her strength of religion enabled her to bear the burdens of marriage to the notoriously womanizing "gorgeous Archduke". His frequent absences from his family helped her goal of keeping her children away from his bad influence succeed. Eventually, however, she herself enterred in to a relationship to the actor Otto Tressler, who had been presented to her by the emperor Franz Joseph, who felt sorry for her because of the adultery of her spouse. Maria Josepha often invited Tressler to her home; he sometimes met her husband and his friends in the doorway. When her husband died, her ability to avoid extravagant displays of grief was much admired. As a widow, she ended her relationship with Tressler, probably because of her sense of what was appropriate beahaviour for a widow.

During World War I she nursed the wounded in the Augarten Palace of Vienna, which had been converted into a hospital.

In 1919 she left Austria with her son Emperor Charles I of Austria and his wife, Zita of Bourbon-Parma, and went into exile with them. She lived first in Switzerland and from 1921 in Germany.

She died at Schloss Wildenwart, Upper Bavaria, a property owned by some members of the Royal Family of Bavaria. She is buried in the New Vault of the Imperial Crypt in Vienna, beside her husband.

Children

Princess Maria Josepha with her two sons, 1910.

With Archduke Otto Franz she had issue:

  • Archduke Karl Franz of Austria, the last Emperor of Austria.
  • Archduke Maximilian Eugen of Austria (1895–1952), who married Princess Franziska von Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Schillingsfürst and had issue.

Titles, styles, honours and arms

Titles and styles

  • 31 May 1867 – 2 October 1886: Her Royal Highness Princess Maria Josepha of Saxony, Duchess in Saxony
  • 2 October 1886 – 28 May 1944: Her Imperial and Royal Highness Archduchess and Princess Maria Josepha of Austria, Princess of Hungary, Bohemia, and Tuscany, Princess and Duchess of Saxony

Ancestry

Sources

  • This page is a translation of its German equivalent.
  • Robert Seydel: Die Seitensprünge der Habsburger. Ueberreuterverlag Wien, 2005

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Princess Maria Josepha of Saxony (1731–1767) — Marie Josèphe Portrait by Jean Martial Frédou, 1760 Dauphine of France Tenure 9 February 1747 20 December 1765 …   Wikipedia

  • Princess Maria Amalia of Saxony — Maria Amalia of Saxony Duchess consort of Zweibrücken Spouse Charles II August, Duke of Zweibrücken Full name German: Maria Amalia Anna Josepha Antonia Justina Augustina Xaveria Aloysia Johanna Nepomucena Magdalena Walbu …   Wikipedia

  • Princess Maria Ferdinanda of Saxony — Maria Ferdinanda of Saxony Grand Duchess of Tuscany Maria Ferdinanda in 1822, the year after her marriage. Spouse Ferdinand III, Grand Duke of Tuscany Full name …   Wikipedia

  • Princess Maria Augusta of Saxony — Princess Maria Augusta House House of Wettin Father Frederick Augustus I of Saxony Mother Amalie of Zweibrücken Birkenfeld Born …   Wikipedia

  • Princess Maria Anna of Saxony (1799–1832) — Maria Anna of Saxony Grand Duchess of Tuscany Tenure 18 June 1824 – 24 March 1832 Spouse …   Wikipedia

  • Maria Josepha of Saxony — This article is about Ferdinand VII of Spain s wife. For Emperor Karl I of Austria s mother, see Princess Maria Josepha of Saxony. Maria Josepha of Saxony Queen consort of Spain Tenure 20 Octo …   Wikipedia

  • Princess Maria Christina of Saxony (1735–1782) — Maria Christina Abbess of Remiremont Maria Christina by Maurice Quentin de La Tour Full name …   Wikipedia

  • Princess Maria Christina of Saxony (1770–1851) — Maria Christina Princess of Montléart Princess of Carignano Spouse Charles Emmanuel, Prince of Carignano Julius Maximilian de Montléart, Prince of Montléart Issue …   Wikipedia

  • Maria Amalia of Saxony — Maria Amalia wearing a Polish red jupeczka holding a portrait of her husband overlooking the crown of Naples, by an unknown artist Queen consort of Spain Tenure 10 August 1759 – 27 Sep …   Wikipedia

  • Maria Josepha of Bavaria — Holy Roman Empress; German Queen Tenure 1765–1767 Spouse …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.