- Maria Beatrice of Savoy
Maria Beatrice of Savoy Portrait by Adeodata Malatesta Duchess of Modena Consort 14 July 1814 - 15 September 1840
( 26 years, 63 days)
Spouse Francis IV, Duke of Modena Issue Maria Theresa, Countess of Chambord
Francis V, Duke of Modena
Archduke Ferdinand Karl Viktor
Maria Beatrix, Countess of Montizón
Full name Maria Beatrice Vittoria Giuseppina di Savoia Father Victor Emmanuel I of Sardinia Mother Maria Theresa of Austria-Este Born 6 December 1792 Died 15 September 1840(aged 47)
Maria Beatrice of Savoy (Maria Beatrice Vittoria Giuseppina; 6 December 1792 – 15 September 1840) was a Princess of Savoy and Duchess of Modena by marriage. She was also the Jacobite Pretender from 1824 until her death.
She was the eldest daughter of Victor Emmanuel, Duke of Aosta and his wife Maria Teresa of Austria-Este. Her father became King of Sardinia unexpectedly in 1802 when Charles Emmanuel IV abdicated.
Her maternal grandparents were Archduke Ferdinand of Austria-Este and Maria Beatrice Ricciarda d'Este. Ferdinand was the third son of Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor and Maria Theresa of Austria. Maria Beatrice was the eldest daughter of Ercole III d'Este and Maria Theresa, Princess of Carrara.
In December 1798, Maria Beatrice left Turin with her parents and uncles due to French Revolution and Napoleonic Wars. They fled to Parma, then Florence. They finally settled at Sardinia, the last dominion held by Kingdom of Sardinia, for refuge. Maria Beatrice spent most of her time at Cagliari in later 13 years.
On 20 June 1812, Maria Beatrice married her maternal uncle Francis, Archduke of Austria-Este; the couple received a special dispensation for their marriage from Pope Pius VII. Maria Beatrice's husband became Francis IV, Duke of Modena, Reggio, and Mirandola on 14 July 1814, making Maria Beatrice Duchess of Modena. They were parents to four children:
- Maria Theresa, Archduchess of Austria-Este (14 July 1817 - 25 March 1886), married Henri, Count of Chambord.
- Francis V, Duke of Modena (1 June 1819 - 20 November 1875), married Princess Adelgunde of Bavaria.
- Ferdinand Karl Viktor, Archduke of Austria-Este (20 July 1821 - 15 December 1849), married Archduchess Elisabeth Franziska of Austria (daughter of Archduke Josef Anton of Austria and his third wife Duchess Maria Dorothea of Württemberg).
- Maria Beatrix, Archduchess of Austria-Este (13 February 1824 - 18 March 1906), married Juan, Count of Montizón.
The couple left Sardinia on 15 July 1813 for Zakynthos Island, and then sailed to Trieste off the east shore of Adriatic Sea, finally reached Vienna by land. On the invasion of Joachim Murat during The Hundred Days, they fled Modena until 15 May 1815.
Upon the death of the abdicated King Charles Emmanuel IV on 6 October 1819, King Victor Emmanuel, father of Maria Beatrice, became the Jacobite heir, and Jacobites recognized her as "Princess Mary of England, Scotland, France and Ireland"; with the death of her father on 10 January 1824, Maria Beatrice became recognized by Jacobites as "Mary III, Queen of England, France and Ireland" (those who did not recognize Mary Stuart as "Queen Mary II of England" recognized Maria Beatrice as "Mary II") and as "Mary II, Queen of Scotland". The regnal numbers in England are a reference to her descent, as well as that of her uncle and father, from Henrietta 'Minette' Stuart, Duchess of Orleans, youngest daughter of Charles I of England. After the death of the last of the Jacobite 'Pretenders', Henrietta's line-through her younger daughter (Anne-Marie of Orleans, wife of Victor Amadeus II of Savoy) became the sole legitimate line of descent of Charles I, and therefore superior to the Hanoverian claim which was based on descent from Charles I's sister Elizabeth. Maria Beatrice never actively pursued her British claims.
Due to the outbreak of a revolution Maria Beatrice had to fled Modena again with her family on 5 February 1831, but with Austrian military help her family was able to return in the year.
Maria Beatrice was a Lady of the (Austrian) Order of the Starry Cross.
Titles, styles, honours and arms
Titles and styles
Maria Beatrice of SavoyBorn: 6 December 1792 Died: 15 September 1840
- 6 December 1792 – 20 June 1812 Her Royal Highness Princess Maria Beatrice of Savoy
- 20 June 1812 – 14 July 1814 Her Imperial and Royal Highnes Archduchess Maria Beatrice of Austria-Este
- 14 July 1814 – 15 September 1840 Her Imperial and Royal Highness the Duchess of Modena
- Jacobite: Her Majesty The Queen of England, Scotland, Ireland, and France
Titles in pretence Preceded by
Princesses of Savoy 1st generationnone 2nd generationPrincess Margherita · Margherita , Duchess of Anjou · Maria, Duchess of Milan · Princess Bonne 3rd generation 4th generationLouise, Duchess of Nemours · Philiberta, Duchess of Nemours · Antonia, Lady of Monaco · Claudina, Countess of Hornes · Princess Philippina · Princess Margherita · Princess Giovanna 5th generationYolande, Duchess of Savoy · Princess Catherine · Princess Maria · Princess Isabella 6th generationnone 7th generation 8th generationLuisa Cristina, Princess Maurice of Savoy · Margherita Violante, Duchess of Parma · Henriette Adelaide, Electress of Bavaria · Princess Catherine Beatrice · Princess Christine Charlotte · Louise, Hereditary Princess of Baden-Baden · Marie Jeanne, Duchess of Savoy · Marie Françoise, Queen of Portugal 9th generationMaria Vittoria, Countess of Cercenasco* · Isabella Luisa, Countess of Lagnasco* 10th generation 11th generationPrincess Eleonora · Princess Maria Luisa · Princess Maria Felicita · Princess Vittoria Margharita · Princess Charlotte · Leopoldina, Princess of Melfi · Princess Polyxena · Gabrielle, Princess of Lobkowicz · Maria Luisa, Princess of Lamballe* · Caterina, Princess of Paliano · Maria Anna Victoria, Duchess in Saxony 12th generation 13th generation 14th generationPrincess Maria Cristina 15th generation 16th generation 17th generation 18th generation 19th generationBianca, Countess Arrivabene-Valenti-Gonzaga** · Mafalda, Baroness Lombardo di San Chirico** 20th generation*Princess of Savoy-Genoa
**Princess of Savoy-Aosta
1st generation 2nd generation 3rd generationInfanta Isabella of Portugal · Anne of Bohemia and Hungary 4th generation 5th generation 6th generation 7th generationArchduchess Margaret Theresa of Austria^ · Archduchess Claudia Felicitas of Austria^ · Countess Palatine Eleonor Magdalene of Neuburg 8th generationPrincess Wilhelmina Amalia of Brunswick-Lüneburg · Princess Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel 9th generationnone 10th generation 11th generationDuchess Elisabeth of Württemberg** · Princess Maria Theresa of Naples and Sicily** · Princess Luisa of Naples and Sicily** · Princess Henrietta of Nassau-Weilburg** · Grand Duchess Alexandra Pavlovna of Russia** · Princess Hermine of Anhalt-Bernburg-Schaumburg-Hoym** · Duchess Maria Dorothea of Württemberg** · Princess Elisabeth of Savoy** · Princess Maria Beatrice of Savoy*** 12th generation 13th generationPrincess Charlotte of Belgium · Princess Margaretha of Saxony · Princess Maria Annunciata of the Two Sicilies · Infanta Maria Theresa of Portugal · Princess Anna of Saxony** · Princess Alice of Parma** · Princess Maria Immaculata of the Two Sicilies** · Princess Isabella of Croÿ · Archduchess Maria Theresa of Austria^ · Princess Auguste Maria of Bavaria 14th generation 15th generationPrincess Zita of Parma · Princess Franziska of Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Schillingsfürst · Princess Dorothea of Bavaria** · Countess Marie Valerie of Waldburg-Zeil-Hohenems** · Princess Ileana of Romania** · Princess Rosemary of Salm-Salm** · Countess Maria Theresa of Waldburg-Zeil** · Princess Maria of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg · Princess Christina of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg 16th generationPrincess Regina of Saxe-Meiningen · Princess Margherita of Savoy · Princess Anne Eugénie of Arenberg · Princess Yolande of Ligne · Countess Xenia Czernicheva-Besobrasova · Princess Anna Gabriele of Wrede · Countess Helena of Toerring-Jettenbach · Countess Ludmilla of Gallen · Princess Laetitia of Arenberg** · Countess Margaret Kálnoky von Köröspatak** · Maria Espinosa de los Monteros^^** · Countess Valerie of Podstatzky-Lichtenstein** · Freiin Eva Antonia von Hofmann** · Princess Anna Amelie of Schönburg-Waldenburg** · Countess Hedwig of Lichem-Löwenburg** · Freiin Edith von Sternbach** · Princess Margaret of Hohenberg · Countess Marie Christine of Hatzfeldt-Dönhoff · Eugenia de Calonge^^ · Freiin Maria Theresia von Gudenus 17th generationFreiin Francesca Thyssen-Bornemisza de Kászon et Impérfalva · Duchess Eilika of Oldenburg · Princess Astrid of Belgium*** · Princess Katharina of Isenburg-Birstein*** · Bettine Götz^^ · Paola de Temesváry^^ · Baroness Marie Hélène de Villenfagne de Vogelsanck · Princess Marie Astrid of Luxembourg · Princess Alexandra of Wrede · Princess María of the Two Sicilies · Sara Maya Al-Askari^^ · Mayasuni Heath^^ · Countess Katharina of Hardenberg · Ashmita Goswami^^ · Elyssa Edmonstone^^** · Countess Marie Gabrielle of Waldstein** 18th generationEstelle de Saint-Romain^^*also an infanta of Spain by marriage
**also a princess of Tuscany by marriage
***also a princess of Modena by marriage
^also an archduchess of Austria in her own right
^^did not have a royal or noble title by birth
1st GenerationPrincess Eleanor of Naples · 2nd Generation 3rd GenerationPrincess Renée of France · Maria de Cardona · Giulia della Rovere 4th Generation 5th GenerationPrincess Isabella of Savoy · Ippolita d'Este^ · Françoise d'Hôtel 6th GenerationMaria Caterina Farnese · Vittoria Farnese · Lucrezia Barberini* · Princess Margherita of Savoy · Teresa Maria Grimaldi 7th Generation 8th Generation 9th Generation 10th Generationnone 11th GenerationPrincess Maria Beatrice of Savoy 12th Generation*did not have a royal or noble title by birth
^also a princess of Modena in her own rightEleanor of Naples (1473-1493) · Lucrezia Borgia (1505-1519) · Renée of France (1534-1559) · Lucrezia de' Medici (1559-1562) · Archduchess Barbara of Austria (1565-1572) · Margherita Gonzaga (1579-1597) · Virginia de' Medici (1597-1615) · Maria Caterina Farnese (1631-1646) · Vittoria Farnese (1648-1649) · Lucrezia Barberini (1654-1658) · Laura Martinozzi (1658-1662) · Margherita Maria Farnese (1692-1694) · Duchess Charlotte of Brunswick-Lüneburg (1696-1710) · Charlotte Aglaé d'Orléans (1737-1761) · Maria Teresa Cybo-Malaspina, Duchess of Massa (1780-1790) · Princess Maria Beatrice of Savoy (1814-1840) · Princess Adelgunde of Bavaria* (1842-1875) · Princess Zita of Parma* 1916-1917) · Princess Margherita of Savoy* (1953-1996) · Princess Astrid of Belgium* (1996-present)
- denotes titular Duchess
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