Body art


Body art

Body art is art made on, with, or consisting of, the human body. The most common forms of body art are tattoos and body piercings, but other types include scarification, branding, scalpelling, shaping (for example tight-lacing of corsets), full body tattoo and body painting.

More extreme body art can involve things such as mutilation or pushing the body to its physical limits. For example, one of Marina Abramovic's works involved dancing until she collapsed from exhaustion, while one of Dennis Oppenheim's better-known works saw him lying in the sunlight with a book on his chest, until his skin, excluding that covered by the book, was badly sunburned. It can even consist of the arrangement and dissection of preserved bodies in an artistic fashion, as in the case of the plastinated bodies used in the travelling Body Worlds exhibit.

Body art is also a sub-category of performance art, in which artists use or abuse their own body to make their particular statements.

In more recent times, body became a subject of much broader discussions and treatments that cannot be reduced to the body art in its common understanding. Important strategies that question the human body are: implants, body in symbiosis with the new technologies, virtual body etc. Scientific research in this area, for example that by Kevin Warwick, can be considered in this artistic vein ["Body Art", Dennis Publishing for Bizarre (magazine), 2007] . A special case of the body art strategies is the absence of body. The most important artists that performed the "absence" of body through their artworks were: Keith Arnatt, Andy Warhol, Anthony Gormley and Davor Džalto.

Examples of body art

Vito Acconci once documented, through photos and text, his daily exercise routine of stepping on and off a chair for as long as possible over several months. Acconci also performed a 'Following Piece', in which he followed randomly chosen New Yorkers.

The Vienna Action Group was formed in 1965 by Herman Nitsch, Otto Muhl, Gunter Brus and Rudolf Schwartzkogler. They performed several body art actions, usually involving social taboos (such as genital mutilation).

Marina Abramovic performed ‘Rhythm O’ in 1974. In the piece, the audience was given instructions to use on Abramovic's body an array of 72 provided instruments of pain and pleasure, including knives, feathers, and a loaded pistol. Audience members cut her, pressed thorns into her belly, put lipstick on her, and removed her clothes. The performance ended after six hours when someone held the loaded gun up to Abramovic's head and a scuffle broke out.

The movement gradually evolved to the works more directed in the personal mythologies, as at Jana Sterbak, Rebecca Horn, Youri Messen-Jaschin or Javier Perez.

Gallery

References

External links

* [http://www.jmclajot.net Pictures of scarification in Africa] - Features by Jean-Michel Clajot, Belgian photographer
* [http://dmoz.org/Arts/Bodyart/ Directory of body art websites]
* [http://www.amonline.net.au/bodyart/ Australian Museum's Body Art section]
* [http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/bbp/bodyart/ National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health - Body Art Page]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Body-Art — (dt. Körperkunst) ist ein künstlerisches Konzept des 20. Jahrhunderts. Entstanden ist diese Kunstrichtung in den 1960ern aus der Happening und Fluxusbewegung heraus. Der Körper dient sowohl als Kunstmedium als auch als Kunstobjekt. Häufig handelt …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Body art — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Le Body Art est une pratique sociale de : modification corporelle Le Body Art est la dénomination anglaise d un mouvement artistique : L art… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Body-art — (dt. Körperkunst) ist ein künstlerisches Konzept des 20. Jahrhunderts. Entstanden ist diese Kunstrichtung in den 1960ern aus der Happening und Fluxusbewegung heraus. Der Körper dient sowohl als Kunstmedium als auch als Kunstobjekt. Häufig handelt …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Body Art — (dt. Körperkunst) ist ein künstlerisches Konzept des 20. Jahrhunderts. Entstanden ist diese Kunstrichtung in den 1960ern aus der Happening und Fluxusbewegung heraus. Der Körper dient sowohl als Kunstmedium als auch als Kunstobjekt. Häufig handelt …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Body art — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Kadakali, una forma de body art El arte corporal es un estilo enmarcado en el arte conceptual, de gran relevancia en los años 1960 en Europa y, en especial, en Estados Unidos. Se trabaja con …   Wikipedia Español

  • Body-Art —   [ bɔdiɑːt; englisch »Körperkunst«] die, , aus der Happening und Fluxusbewegung der 1960er Jahre hervorgegangene Kunstrichtung, bei der der Körper als Medium oder Kunstobjekt dient. Die an ihm vorgenommenen Veränderungen (z. B. Bemalung,… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • body art — /bodiˈart, ingl. ˈbHdɪˌɑːt/ [lett. «arte (art) del corpo (body)»] loc. sost. f. inv. arte del corpo CFR. body painting …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • body art — ● body art nom masculin Synonyme de art corporel. ● body art (synonymes) nom masculin Synonymes : art corporel …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Body Art —    or body art    An art form in which the artist s body (aka wetware) is the medium. A type of conceptual art which was a precursor to performance art, Body Art often took the form of public or private performances, many of which became known… …   Glossary of Art Terms

  • Body Art — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Le Body Art est une pratique sociale de : modification corporelle Le Body Art est la dénomination anglaise d un mouvement artistique : L art… …   Wikipédia en Français


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