- James M. Cox
name =James Middleton Cox
order1 =47th & 49th
Governor of Ohio
January 13, 1913
January 11, 1915 January 8, 1917– January 10, 1921
W. A. Greenlund(1913-1915) Earl D. Bloom(1917-1919) Clarence J. Brown(1919-1921)
Judson Harmon(1913) Frank B. Willis(1917)
Frank B. Willis(1915) Harry L. Davis(1921)
candidate2=President of the United States
March 4, 1909
January 12, 1913
J. Eugene Harding
March 31, 1870
July 15, 1957
Cox was born in the tiny
Butler County, Ohiovillage of Jacksonburg. Cox practiced a variety of trades throughout his life: high school teacher, reporter, owner and editor of several newspapers, and secretary to Congressman Paul J. Sorg.
While a reporter, Cox once went to a town where a massive
railroadaccident had occurred. Other reporters went directly to the scene of the accident, but Cox instead went to the town's only telegraphoffice, where he hired the telegraph operator to begin transmitting the Bibleto his newspaper, telling the operator he would be back. (Under the law of the day, once a message was begun, it could not be interrupted by others.) Cox then went to the accident site, gathered all the information he needed, and wrote his article. He then returned to the telegraph office, which he found full of frustrated reporters waiting to make use of the telegraph. Cox handed his article to the telegraph operator and thus scooped all of the other reporters.
Ohioin the United States House of Representatives(1909-1913), resigning after winning election as Governor of Ohio (1913-1915, and 1917-1921). A capable and well-liked reformer, he was nominated a candidate for the presidency by the Democratic party while serving as Governor. Cox supported the internationalist policies of Woodrow Wilsonand favored U.S. entry into the League of Nations.However, Cox was defeated in the 1920 Presidential Election by a fellow Ohioan, U.S. Senator Warren G. Hardingof Marion, Ohio. The public had grown weary of the turmoil of the Wilson years, and eagerly accepted Harding's call for a "return to normalcy." Cox's running mate was future president Franklin D. Roosevelt. One of the better known analyses of the 1920 election is in author Irving Stone's book about defeated Presidential candidates, " They Also Ran." Stone rated Cox as superior in every way over Warren Harding, claiming the former would have made a much better President. Stone argued there was never a stronger case in the history of American presidential elections for the proposition that the better man lost.
Cox recorded for The Nation's Forum several times. The campaign speech featured here [http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/r?ammem/nfor:@field(DOCID+@range(90000031+90000032))] accuses the Republicans of failing to acknowledge that President Wilson's successful prosecution of the war had, according to Cox, "saved civilization."
Cox was publisher of the "
Dayton Daily News" in Dayton, Ohio, where the newspaper's editorial meeting room is still referred to as the "Governor's Library." The "James M. Cox Dayton International Airport", more commonly referenced simply as Dayton International Airport, was named for Cox as well.
He built a large newspaper enterprise,
Cox Enterprises, including the December 1939 purchase of the " Atlanta Georgian" and "Journal" just a week before that city hosted the premiere of "Gone with the Wind". [Cox, p.389] This deal included radio station WSB, which joined his previous holdings, WHIO in Dayton and WIODin Miami, to give him "'air' from the Great Lakeson the north to Latin Americaon the south." [Cox, p.387]
Governor Cox died at his home, Trail's End, in
Kettering, Ohioin 1957, and was interred in the Woodland Cemetery, Dayton, Ohio.
Cox had six children, one of whom,
Anne Cox Chambers, is still a major shareholder in the company; she owned 98% of the company with her sister Barbara Cox Anthonyuntil the latter's death in 2007. The company's headquarters is in Atlanta.
Gov. Cox was a member of the
Church of the United Brethren in Christ.
*Cox, James M., "Journey Through My Years", Simon and Schuster, 1946
Source: [http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/nfhtml/nfexpe.html Library of Congress]
* Full text of " [http://www.gutenberg.net/etext/5639 The Progressive Democracy Of James M. Cox] " by Charles E. Morris, from
* [http://www.daytondailynews.com/history/content/service/info/history/index.html James M. Cox and the Dayton Daily News]
* [http://www.davidpietrusza.com/1920-links.html 1920 Presidential Election Links]
* [http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=238 Find-A-Grave profile for James M. Cox]
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