- Cuilén of Scotland
Infobox_Monarch | name =Cuilén
title = King of Alba
reign = 967–971
predecessor = Dub ("Dub mac Maíl Coluim")
successor = Kenneth II ("Cináed mac Maíl Coluim")
issue = Constantine III ("Causantín mac Cuilén")
royal house = Alpin
royal anthem =
father = Indulf ("Ildulb mac Causantín")
date of birth =
place of birth =
date of death = 971
place of death = Abington ?
place of burial=
Cuilén mac Ildulb (Modern Gaelic: "Cailean") ["Cuilén mac Ildulb" is the Mediaeval Gaelic form. The modern form has no patronymic; this is because the name "Ildulb" ("Indulf") has died out in Gaelic, and there is no modern rendering of it. ] , sometimes angicised as Culen or Colin, and nicknamed An Fionn, "the White" [Skene, "Chronicles", p. 95.] (died 971) was king of Scotland ("Alba") from 967 to 971. [Cuilén is referred to by the
Latin calque"Caniculus", in some sources; both Cuilén and Caniculus can be taken to mean "little dog". The epithet"hringr" (as in Sigurd Ring) sometimes associated with Cuilén is thought to be a misreading: compare Smyth, p. 210 and Duncan, pp. 20–21.] He was one of three known sons of King Indulf (Ildulb mac Causantín), the others being Amlaíb and Eochaid.
It is supposed that Cuilén was implicated in the death of his predecessor Dub (Dub mac Maíl Coluim), who had defeated Cuilén in battle in 965. ["ESSH", pp. 471–473; Annals of Ulster, s.a. 965; Duncan, p. 21.]
Chronicle of the Kings of Albareports several events in the reign of Cuilén. It says that Marcan son of Breodalaig (or Breodalach) was killed in Lothian, that Cellach, Bishop of Cennrígmonaidand Máel Brigte, also a Bishop, died. Other reported deaths include Domnall mac Cairill and Máel Brigte mac Dubacain, the identities of whom are unknown, but they must evidently have been important men. ["ESSH", p. 475.] Máel Brigte might be a son of the Dubacan mac Indrechtaig, Mormaer of Angus, who was killed at the Battle of Brunanburhin 937. Finally, we are told that Leot and Sluagadach went to Rome, presumably on church business.
In 971 Cuilén, along with his brother Eochaid, was killed in a hall-burning in
Lothianby Amdarch, a prince of Strathclyde. [Dated by the Annals of Ulster and the Chronicon Scotorum, s.a. 971. The Prophecy of Berchánand one version of the Chronicle are read as placing Cuilén's death in Strathclyde, perhaps near Abington in Upper Clydesdale; "ESSH", pp. 476–477 and notes.] The killing was said to be revenge for Cuilén's rapeof Amdarch's daughter. ["ESSH", pp.475–476; one variant of the Chronicle appears to say that Cuilén's daughter, rather than Amdarch's, was raped, another suggests Amdarch's daughter was killed.] The Chronicle of the Kings of Alba does not say that he was buried on Iona, but the report of Dub's death makes it clear that this was likely the case.
Cuilén was succeeded by Dub's brother Kenneth II (Cináed mac Maíl Coluim), who was driven from the throne for a short time in the later 970s by Cuilén's brother Amlaíb. Cuilén's son Constantine III (Causantín mac Cuilén) was later king.
"For primary sources see also " External links "below."
* Anderson, Alan Orr, "Early Sources of Scottish History A.D. 500–1286", volume 1. Reprinted with corrections. Paul Watkins, Stamford, 1990. ISBN 1-871615-03-8
* Duncan, A.A.M., "The Kingship of the Scots 842–1292: Succession and Independence." Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh, 2002. ISBN 0-7486-1626-8
* Smyth, Alfred P. "Warlords and Holy Men: Scotland AD 80-1000." Reprinted, Edinburgh: Edinburgh UP, 1998. ISBN 0-7486-0100-7
* [http://celt.ucc.ie/index.html CELT: Corpus of Electronic Texts] at
University College Corkincludes the "Annals of Ulster", "Tigernach", "the Four Masters" and "Innisfallen", the "Chronicon Scotorum", the "Lebor Bretnach" (which includes the "Duan Albanach"), Genealogies, and various Saints' Lives. Most are translated into English, or translations are in progress.
* [http://www.arts.ed.ac.uk/scothist/booklets/sh1/documents-alba.html (CKA) The Chronicle of the Kings of Alba]
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