- Territorialist School
The so-called Territorialist School is a contemporary approach to urban and regional planning and design grown out from the work of a number of Italian scholars, among those Alberto Magnaghi (Torino, 1941, for many years full professor at the University of Florence) is the most prominent figure.
Starting from a critique of the sustainable development concept, where both a strictly environmental vision of sustainability and the global quantitative development were challenged, the school has focused on the increasingly important role of local qualitative development and elaborated the concept of “local self-sustainable development”. This concept emphasized the balance between: directing development towards fundamental human requirements (which cannot be reduced to material needs alone); self-reliance and the development of self-government by local society; and enhancing environmental quality.
The Territorialist approach intends to combine these three objectives, according priority to "place-consciousness", i.e. a reflexive relation with local identity and heritage (with reference to the themes of bio-regionalism dealt with by Patrick Geddes), viewed as the strategic keys for a sustainable future. The definition of ‘heritage’ adopted by this School is an extensive one, identifying each ‘territorio’ both with its people and places, and including environment, landscape, urban features, local knowledge, culture and crafts in its unique character as a living entity.
This type of approach stresses the increasingly important role of the territory itself when tackling the problems of sustainability, and consequently assumes the arts and crafts of producing territorial quality as a key element for lasting wealth.
A planning process scheme for local self-sustainable development: the "hydraulic" scheme by Alberto Magnaghi.
Main international References
- Magnaghi, Alberto, The Urban Village: A Charter for Democracy and Local Self-sustainable Development, Zed Books, London and New York, 2005 
- Goldsmith, Edward, “Preface” to Alberto Magnaghi’s The Urban Village 
- Magnaghi, Alberto, Le projet local, Pierre Mardaga, Sprimont, 2003
- Small, Mike, “Universalism and the Genius Loci: Geddes in Cyprus, Italy, Catalonia and Japan”, in W. Stephen, A Vigorous Institution: The Living Lefacy of Patrick Geddes, Luath Press, Edinburgh, 2007
- Jongerden, Joost, “The Urban Village: Territorialization of Sustainable Development”, Tailoring Biotechnologies, n. 2 2006
- Magnaghi, Alberto, “A Green Core for the Polycentric Urban Region of Central Tuscany and the Arno Master Plan”, in ISoCaRP Review 02, Cities between Integration and Disintegration: opportunities and challenges, ISoCaRP, Sitges 2006
- Magnaghi, Alberto, "Local Utopia: Towards a Fair and Non-hierarchical Bottom-up Globalization" in ISoCaRP, Planning in a more Globalized and Competitive World, ed. by Paolo La Greca, Gangemi, Rome, 2005
- Magnaghi, Alberto, "Local self-sustainable Development: Subjects of Transformation", Tailoring Bio-technologies, n.1 2005, Wageningen
- Choay, Françoise, "Utopia and the Anthropological Foundation of Built Space", in van Schaik, Martin, Máčel, Otakar (eds.), Exit Utopia. Architectural Provocations 1956-76, IHAAU-TU - Prestel, Munich/Berlin/London/New-York, 2005
- Magnaghi, Alberto, "The Local Proiect: Summing up a Political Vision", in Paloscia, Raffaele (ed.), The Contested Metropolis. Six Cities at the Beginning of the 21st Century, INURA - Birkhauser, Basel-Boston-Berlin, 2004
- Magnaghi, Alberto, Le territoire des habitants: pour un projet local durable, Fondation Jan Tanghe, Brugge, 2001
- Charter for a New Municipium , a collective agreement among Local Authorities, scientists and social committees for the promotion of a Fair and Non-hierarchical Bottom-up Globalization
- Magnaghi, Alberto, "The 'Territorialist' Approach to Local Self-Sustainable Development", in Plurimondi, Dedalo, Rome, 2000
- Magnaghi, Alberto, “Territorial Heritage: A Genetic Code for Sustainable Development”, in INURA (ed.), Possible Urban Worlds: Urban Strategies at the End of the 20th Century, Birkhäuser, Basel/Boston/Berlin, 1998
More References in Italian language
- Ferraresi, Giorgio, Rossi-Doria, Bernardo, "Scenari strategici come progetto di territorio: contributi alla definizione della scuola territorialista", in Magnaghi, Alberto (ed.), Scenari strategici. Visioni identitarie per il progetto di territorio, Alinea, Firenze, 2007
- Magnaghi, Alberto (ed.), La rappresentazione identitaria del territorio, Alinea, Firenze, 2005
- Magnaghi, Alberto, Il progetto locale, Bollati Boringhieri, Torino, 2000
- Magnaghi, Alberto (ed.), Il territorio degli abitanti: società locali e sostenibilità, Dunod, Milano, 1998
- Magnaghi, Alberto (ed.), Il territorio dell'abitare: lo sviluppo locale come alternativa strategica, Franco Angeli, Milano, 1990
- LaPEI, the Laboratory for the Ecological Design of Settlements  established in 1990 in the University of Florence, since then coordinated by Alberto Magnaghi, and representing the main common place for the theoretical elaborations and practical applications of the territorialist research/action approach
- ARNM or Rete del Nuovo Municipio ("New Municipium Network") , the Italian Association among Cities and territories, local Authorities, scientists and social committees directed by Alberto Magnaghi and aimed at the promotion of local self-sustainable development by means of Participatory democracy and Active citizenship
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