Facility Condition Index

Facility Condition Index

The Facility Condition Index (FCI) is used in Facilities Management to provide a benchmark to compare the relative condition of a group of facilities. The FCI is primarily used to support asset management initiatives of federal, state, and local government facilities organizations. This would also include universities, housing and transportation authorities, and primary and secondary school systems.

Mathematically the FCI is represented as

Maintenance, Repair, and Replacement Deficiencies of the Facility(s) FCI= ÷ Current Replacement Value of the Facility(s)

The FCI as a tool was first published in 1991 by the National Association of College and University Business Officers in "Managing the Facilities Portfolio". The principal author of the book was Applied Management Engineering, Inc. ( [http://www.ameinc.biz] )(AME), located in Virginia Beach, Virginia.

History

AME was approached by a research group working on a project that was sponsored by the National Association of College and University Business Officers ( [http://www.nacubo.org] ) The group asked for a written description of the facility condition assessment process, and related data analysis. The resulting written process and analysis served as the basis for the book referenced above.

Two of the AME employees that contributed were William H. (Bill) Thomas and the late Emmett Richardson. Both had previously worked for the Naval Facilities Engineering Command (NAVFAC), which is one of U.S. Navy's in-house consulting arms. Thomas and Richardson had calculated the FCI for budget preparation and used the ratio to allocate operations and maintenance money across naval activities and installations. The FCI was a strictly informal tool that Thomas and Richardson used while working for the Navy. It was developed and adopted as an industry benchmark by AME.

Application

To calculate an FCI a Facility Manager needs to quantify the cost of maintenance, repair and replacement deficiencies. This is typically the outcome of a Facility Condition Assessment. The current replacement value is defined as what monetary value the organization places on the facility.

The FCI is a relative indicator of condition, and should be tracked over time to maximize its benefit. It is advantageous to define condition ratings based on ranges of the FCI. "Managing the Facilities Portfolio" provided a set of ratings: good (under 0.05), fair (0.5 to 0.10), and poor (over 0.10) based on evaluating data from various clients at the time of the publication.

Today, many organizations are determining an appropriate FCI range for these ratings based upon their mission and strategic goals. The Higher Education Facilities Officers, APPA, use the FCI as part of their Strategic Assessment Model, and as a key Facilities Performance Indicators. Recommendation #6 in the National Research Council publication entitled "Stewardship of Federal Facilities states that performance indicators should be used to evaulate the effectiveness of facilities maintenance and repair programs. The American Public Works Association publication, Special Report #62, describes the use and value of facility condition rating systems in Chapter 3.6.

Within the US Federal Government, the "Condition Index" (CI) is a general measure of the constructed asset’s condition at a specificpoint in time [ [http://www.gsa.gov/frpc Federal Real Property Council] ] . Within the US Federal Government, CI is calculated using the same formula of the ratio of Repair Needs to Plant Replacement Value (PRV) but results are presented as a percentage where higher values mean better conditions. "Repair Needs" is the amount necessary to ensure that a constructed asset (i.e. building or structure) is restored to a condition substantially equivalent to the originally intended and designed capacity, efficiency, or capability. "Plant Replacement Value" (or "Functional Replacement Value") is the cost of replacing an existing building or structure at today’s standards.

The FCI can be used in the development and usage of Building Information Modeling for existing buildings. It is anticipated that future BIM will adhere to the format set forth by the Construction Specifications Institute.

References

* Managing the Facilities Portfolio, [National Association of College and University Business Officers (NACUBO) [http://www.nacubo.org]
* “History of the Facilities Condition Index,” Campus Facilities News [http://www.campusfacilities.com]
* The Facilities Audit, page 46,Dr. Harvey H. Kaiser
* Plan, Predict, and Prevent: Special Report 62, American Public Works Association [http://www.apwa.net]
* Strategic Assessment Model (SAM), Higher Education Facilities Officers: APPA [http://www.appa.org]
* Facilities Performance Indicators (FPI), Higher Education Facilities Officers: APPA
* Stewardship of Federal Facilities, National Research Council

ee also

*Metrics
*Building Information Modeling
*Computerized Maintenance Management System
*Construction Specifications Institute


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Facility condition assessment — (FCA) is an industry term that describes the process of a qualified group of trained industry professionals performing an analysis of the condition of a group of facilities that may vary in terms of age, design, construction methods, and… …   Wikipedia

  • Index to Marine & Lacustrine Geological Samples — The Index to Marine Lacustrine Geological Samples is a collaboration between twenty institutions and agencies that operate geological sample repositories. The purpose of the database is to help researchers locate sea floor and lakebed cores,… …   Wikipedia

  • National Ignition Facility — NIF s basic layout. The laser pulse is generated in the room just right of center, and is sent into the beamlines (blue) on either side. After several passes through the beamlines the light is sent into the switchyard (red) where it is aimed into …   Wikipedia

  • Normalized Difference Vegetation Index — Negative values of NDVI (values approaching 1) correspond to water. Values close to zero ( 0.1 to 0.1) generally correspond to barren areas of rock, sand, or snow. Lastly, low, positive values represent shrub and grassland (approximately 0.2 to 0 …   Wikipedia

  • Computerized maintenance management system — (CMMS) is also known as enterprise asset management and computerized maintenance management information system (CMMIS). A CMMS software package maintains a computer database of information about an organization’s maintenance operations, i.e.… …   Wikipedia

  • Building Information Modeling — (BIM) is the process of generating and managing building data during its life cycle [Lee, G., Sacks, R., and Eastman, C. M. (2006). Specifying parametric building object behavior (BOB) for a building information modeling system. Automation in… …   Wikipedia

  • Building information modeling — (BIM) is the process of generating and managing building data during its life cycle[1]. BIM involves representing a design as objects – vague and undefined, generic or product specific, solid shapes or void space oriented (like the shape of a… …   Wikipedia

  • Computerized Maintenance Management System — (CMMS) is also known as Enterprise Asset Management.A CMMS software package maintains a computer database of information about an organization’s maintenance operations. This information is intended to help maintenance workers do their jobs more… …   Wikipedia

  • FCI — is a three letter abbreviation that can refer to: * Fédération Cynologique Internationale, the most important international dog breed standards organization * Framatome Connectors International * French Culinary Institute, a renowned Culinary… …   Wikipedia

  • Metrics — A metric is a standard unit of measure, such as meter or gram, or more generally, part of a system of parameters, or systems of measurement, or a set of ways of quantitatively and periodically measuring, assessing, controlling or selecting a… …   Wikipedia


Поделиться ссылкой на выделенное

Прямая ссылка:
Нажмите правой клавишей мыши и выберите «Копировать ссылку»