1st Red Banner Army

1st Red Banner Army

Infobox Military Unit
unit_name=1st Coastal Army
1st Red Banner Army

size=three to six divisions
command_structure=Front or Military District
battles=Operation August Storm
notable_commanders=Andrei Yeremenko
The 1st Red Banner Army was a Red Army field army of World War II that served in the Russian Far East.

The 1st Army was created in July 1938 under the name of the 1st Coastal Army (or, depending on translation, 1st Maritime Army) in the Far East. Previously the Special Far Eastern Army had been the theatre command in the Far East, but 'with the conclusion of the lake Khasan (Changkufeng) fighting against the Japanese and with the murder of Marshal Blyukher, Stalin abolished this command and established two armies in its place. The army was made responsible for the Ussuri area with its headquarters at Voroshilov' (now Ussuriysk). [John Erickson, Road to Stalingrad, 2003 edition, p.56] It was soon renamed the 1st Separate Red Banner Army. [Keith E. Bonn (ed), Slaughterhouse: The Handbook of the Eastern Front, Aberjona Press, Bedford, PA, 2005, p.307] Its initial commander was the later Marshal of the Soviet Union, Andrei Yeremenko. Several border skirmishes between the Red Army and the Imperial Japanese Army, such as the Battle of Halhin Gol took place until, in July 1940, two years after its formation, the 1st Coastal Army was re-named the 1st Red Banner Army in the far east. When Yeremenko arrived in early 1941, the Army was responsible for all the frontier between Vladivostok and Khabarovsk; on 18 March 1941, the 25th Army was established to cover the southern sector.

The official Soviet archives list the composition of the Army on 22 June 1941 as the 26th Rifle Corps (21, 22, 26th Rifle Divisions), 59th Rifle Corps (39th, 59th Rifle Divisions), 1st, 4th and 5th Rifle Brigades, 8th Cavalry Division, 105th Fortified Region (УР), and 30th Mechanised Corps. [ [http://www.tashv.nm.ru/BoevojSostavSA/1941/19410622.html Combat Composition of the Soviet Army] , June 22, 1941 and Orbat.com/Niehorster, [http://orbat.com/site/ww2/drleo/012_ussr/41_oob/far-east/army_01.html Administrative Order of Battle, 1st Army, 22 June 1941] ]

Until the war's end in 1945, the 1st Red Banner Army covered some of the long far eastern borders of the Soviet Union. In August 1945, the Soviet Union declared war on Japan, and the Soviet Far East Front attacked into Japanese-occupied Manchuria, as part of Operation August Storm, led by Marshal of the Soviet Union Aleksandr Vasilevsky. The area the Army was to operate through was mountainous, rugged taiga, and it was specifically tailored to the conditions it would face, in common with the other formations earmarked for the operation. The Army's forces at the beginning of the offensive included 2 rifle corps, 6 rifle divs, 3 tank bdes, 3 SP regts, 6 SP bns, 1 heavy tank/SP gun regt, 5 artillery bdes, and 410 tanks/SP guns and 1,413 guns/mortars. [David Glantz, [http://cgsc.leavenworth.army.mil/carl/resources/csi/glantz3/glantz3.asp August Storm: The Soviet 1945 Strategic Offensive in Manchuria] , CGSC] The First Army's attack was aimed at northern Manchukuo.

1st Red Banner Army was disbanded in 1959 while stationed at Ussuriysk as part of the Primorskiy Military District. [Feskov et al, The Soviet Army during the Period of the Cold War, Tomsk, 2004, p.40] 1st Red Banner Army should not be confused with the 1st Reserve Army that was made part of the Stalingrad Front in June 1942 and redesignated the 64th Army.


*Andrei Yeremenko 1.1941 - 6.1941?
*Michael Vasiliev 6.1941 to 10.1942
*M.S. Savushkin 10.1942 to 6.1945
*A.P. Beloborodov [ [http://www.generals.dk/general/Beloborodov/Afanasii_Pawlantevich/Soviet_Union.html Biography of Army General Afanasii Pawlantevich Beloborodov - (Афанасий Павлантьевич Белобородов) ] ]


* [http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/1._Rote_Armee German Wikipedia]

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