San Jose, Northern Samar

San Jose, Northern Samar

San Jose is a 5th class municipality in the province of Northern Samar, Philippines. The municipality is located in the map aat 124 degrees or 28A' latitude and 12 degrees or 30A' longitude. Furthermore, it is located in the north central portion of the province about nineteen kilometers west of Catarman, the provincial capital, and about thirty kilometers east of Allen's Ferry Terminal connecting the islands of Luzon, Samar, Leyte and Mindanao via the Maharlika Highway. It is approximately one hundred-fifty kilometers north-northeast of Tacloban City, the Regional Center of Region VIII.

Politically, the municipality is bounded on the north by the Pacific Ocean, on the east by the Municipality of Bobon, on the south by the Municipality of Victoria, and on the west by the Municipality of Rosario. Its total land area of 8,867 hectares is generally underlain by well-bedded and moderately undulating terrain. The rock unit is probably part of the Mawo Volcanics, which is widespread in Northern Samar. The terrain is diversely oriented with inclination angles that vary 10 degrees to 14 degrees. In the surveyed area, swamps are notable even in the eastern part of the town proper. More than half of the land area in the poblacion was reclaimed form the surrounding marshlands.

Being a coastal town, it has several islets within its municipal waters. There are six islets located at the northern coast of the municipality, which abound with natural resources waiting to be developed. These are the following: Cabaungon Grande, Cabaungon Pequiño, Tandang, Pangilala, Puropangdan, Matungko and Maghungaw which are plentiful in fishes, crustaceans, and other marine products. These islets also hold potential for eco-tourism.

The land occupied by the municipality is actually valley bounded on the east by the Palusong Mountain Range moving south and on the west by the Hitaasan Mountain Range. The northern portion of the municipality is occupied by the islands aforementioned which together with the coastline is arranged in such a manner that a lake is formed.

The land where the poblacion is located consists generally of alluvial flat and swamplands which has an elevation of less than 10 meters above sea level, while going south, south easterly, the physiography abruptly rises to moderately rugged hills with a peak of sixty-eight meters. The drainage system in the area generally flows northeast towards Carangian Channel. Vegetation in this area generally consists of mangrove trees and shrubs, cogonal growth, and coconuts. The flat areas are planted with rice, corn and coconuts.

There are small flat and level areas along Barangay Dao and Barangay Geratag creeks. There are also wide coastal swamps. Most of the agricultural land areas are located along the valley between Palusong Mountain Range, near Barangay Aguadahan, and Barangay Geratag in the east, and Hitaasan Mountain Range near Barangay Bagong Sabang and Barangay Bonglas in the west.

According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 13,564 people in 2,729 households.


The Municipality of San Jose grew from a place that was then covered with bushes, shrubs, zacates. Marshes, where wild chicken, locally known as ilajas, abounded. It was then called "carangian" being the site where hunters assembled their trap, known as carang, to catch wild chickens. So, whenever one saw a person bringing his contraption carang, he already knew that he was going to carangan. In time, the word carangan was corrupted and the place began to be known as "Carangian". Due to favorable economic opportunities, people migrated to the place. As population grew, it became a barrio within the administrative jurisdiction of the Municipality of Bobon known as Carangian.

With the construction of a deep-sea port, steamers and ships from Manila and other countries began to dock in Carangian, which due to its strategic location and the presence of the well-protected deep-sea port, quickly became the main port entry of Northern Samar. As its economy boomed, it was inevitable that the barrio would aspire to become a municipality. As early as 1932, Barrio Carangian had been aspiring to become an independent municipality from its mother town of Bobon. In that year, the Governor of Samar, Honorable Pedro Arteche, conducted a plebiscite for the conversion of Barrio Carangian into a municipality. Unluckily, however, due to the overwhelming negative votes in the Poblacion of Bobon and some other barrios which were jealous of the imminent independence of Carangian that dream was not realized.

Before the elections of 1949, the leaders of Carangian saw a golden chance to separate from Bobon in the rift between President Elpidio Quirino and José Dira Avelino, President of the Senate. A delegation was formed under the leadership of Honorable Eladio T. Balite, Representative of the first district of Samar. The delegation was immediately dispatched to Manila to lobby for the independence of Carangian. After more than a month of going from office to office in Manila, the delegation succeeded in having the Barrio of Carangian created into the Municipality of San Jose. Eugenio Perez, Speaker of the House, was also instrumental in the creation of the new municipality. Thus, on July 25, 1949 by virtue of Executive Order No. 248 of the then President Elpidio Quirino, Carangian together with eleven became the new municipality of San Jose in honor of the late Jose Tagros Balite, Sr, then Mayor of Bobon, Samar.


San Jose is politically subdivided into 16 barangays.

*Bagong Sabang

*P. Tingzon
*San Lorenzo
*Barangay North (Pob.)
*Barangay South (Pob.)
*Barangay East (Pob.)
*Barangay West (Pob.)

Local Chief Executives

The first person to have been elected to the post of Mayor of the newly created Municipality of San Jose in the province of Samar (which have included now independent Municipality of Biri and some parts adjoining to form the Municipality of Rosario} is the late Honorable Roque H. Dato (1949-51). He is the father of the late Bayani A. Dato who also assumed the post as the local chief executive, or Mayor, of San Jose in the newly created province of Northern Samar (1968-86; 1988-95).

Don Francisco S. Evaristo, the late Mayor of Bobon, Samar and a husband to Doña Pelagia Arcebuche del Valle who belongs to a prominent and wealthy del Valle family in San Jose (Carangian), is the next Mayor of San Jose (1952-55) to have succeeded after the late Honorable Roque H. Dato, his known-rival in chaotic politics.

"For a trivia, it has been a great surprise for rivals, the former Mayors of San Jose, when Atty. Bayani A. Dato married Dr. Norma del Valle Evaristo, the eldest daughter of the late Don Francisco S. Evaristo. This is because Bayani's father is one of the state witnesses in the framed-up killing incident of Pastor Muyot, of which Norma's father, among others, is found guilty beyond reasonable doubt."

Other persons to have been elected to the post are: Honorable Agustin Pondemira (1956-67); and Honorable Felipe Ballesta (1986-88).

The current Mayor of San Jose is Honorable Damian T. Luzon, Jr. (1995-2001; 2007-present) characterized present administration as his comeback to the post after losing it during the 2001 local election to former Mayor of San Jose, Honorable Lazaro A. Ballesta (2001-07).

"For a trivia, the current Mayor of San Jose is a grandnephew of the late Doña Pelagia Arcebuche del Valle - Evaristo belonging to the vast Tingzon Clan of Leyte who came in San Jose (Carangian)."


*Port of San Jose is a reinforced concrete general purpose pier handling passengers and domestic cargoes situated at Lat 12°32’N Long 124°29’E in Barangay North, San Jose, Northern Samar. Its "berthing facilities": 138m long pier 12ft. Wide with a controlling depth of 25ft. alongside. Pier is fendered and equipped by 8 rubber fenders system and 9 mooring bit. Its "anchorage facilities": vessel approach through NW or E ward through Carangian Channel. Recommended approach is through Eastward which is wider, deeper, straighter. Vessels must anchor off pier at 18m – 20m depth. Its "storage facilities": an open storage of 940 sq. m., 2 transit sheds with total area of 744 sq. m., and 3 private warehouse with a total area of 1,060 sq.m.

Body of Water

*marine channel. The Carangian Channel is a marine channel, or that part of a body of water deep enough for navigation through an area otherwise not suitable, along the San Bernardino Strait situated on map view: N 12° 32' 0" E 124° 30' 0"12.53333 / 124.5.
*stream. There are four large natural streams to be found flowing just around or within the municipality of San Jose, to wit: Gengarog River, Sinamangan River, Bobon River and Nahalugan River.
*waterfall. Off the National Highway about 10 minutes walk toward the hillside, you will find, "Honeybee Falls" A beautiful waterfall and a great place to relax. Honeybee Falls is on private property, but free to walk to if you'll ask the area residence for permission.


With the existence of small island in front of the municipality arranged in a manner which makes the internal waters of the municipality somewhat like a lake, the municipality could be positioned as a tourism lake devoted to resort tourism. Sports like kayaking, snorkeling, scuba diving and island hopping can be done along the tourism lake.

Nature watching can be done by the tourists by trekking the Palusong Range overlooking the whole town, the surrounding, islands and adjacent municipality.

Notable Carangianons in Politics

Carangian (San Jose) is home to local notable persons in politics the Carangianons are proud of, to wit:

*EDILBERTO AGUILAR del VALLE is the second person, after the first woman Governor of Northern Samar Irene Balite, to have assumed the post of Governor of Northern Samar after the separation of Northern Samar from former Samar Province constituting the whole Samar Island, including some island towns thereof. Not later then on, he assumed the higher level post, as the first and the only Assemblyman hailed from Northern Samar among the group of Regional Assemblymen representing Region VIII (Eastern Visayas) to the Interim Batasang Pambansa (or "Interim National Assembly") during the Marcos regime, thus leaving the governorship to his brother who immediately succeeded him. He then served as the Assemblyman of the lone (defunct) district of Northern Samar to the Regular Batasang Pambansa (or "Regular National Assembly") until abolished by President Corazon Cojuangco-Aquino. He likewise served as a Member of the Provincial Board of Samar/Northern Samar.
*REYNALDO AGUILAR del VALLE succeeded the governorship from his brother making him the third Governor of Northern Samar. Like his brother, he served as a Member of the Provincial Board of Samar/Northern Samar.
*BAYANI A. DATO became Vice-Governor of Northern Samar under the governorship of former Governor of Northern Samar, Atty. Harlin Cast. Abayon I. He unsuccessfully fought against Atty. Harlin Cast. Abayon in the 1998 Philippine general election for the post of Representatives to represent the first legislative district of Northern Samar in the 11th Congress of the Philippines.
*LUIS ROMINES DASMARIÑAS, a cousin to former Governors of Northern Samar Atty. Edilberto A. del Valle, Sr. and Atty. Reynaldo A. del Valle, has been elected as a Member of the Provincial Board of Northern Samar.
*RODOLFO ROBIS del VALLE is currently in the post as a Member of the Provincial Board of Northern Samar. He is the eldest child of the late Governor of Northern Samar, Atty. Reynaldo A. del Valle, Sr.
*ALITA VERANO ESIDERA - ROSALES is the current Mayor of Catarman, the capital town of Northern Samar. She is the first woman to have been elected to the post ("but is second only to hold the said post"). She is the wife of former Mayor of Catarman, Honorable Francisco C. Rosales, Jr. (currently in the post as a Member of the Provincial Board of Northern Samar).

External links

* [ Philippine Standard Geographic Code]
* [ 2000 Philippine Census Information]
* [ Law List]
* [ Republic Act No. 4221]

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