- Kingdom of Slavonia
The Kingdom of Slavonia was a province of the
Habsburg Monarchyin the 18th and 19th century as one of the Lands of the Crown of St. Stephen. The province included northern parts of present-day regions of Slavonia(today in Croatia) and Syrmia(today in Serbiaand Croatia). The southern parts of these regions were part of the Habsburg Military Frontier( Slavonian Krajina).
The Kingdom of Slavonia was formed in 1745 and it belonged to both, the
Kingdom of Croatia, and the Kingdom of Hungary. After 1849, both, Kingdom of Slavonia and Kingdom of Croatia were affirmed as a completely separate Habsburg crown lands. Following the 1868 Settlement ("hrvatsko-ugarska nagodba") with the Kingdom of Hungary, Kingdom of Slavonia was joined with Kingdom of Croatia into the single Croatia-Slavoniakingdom, which although it was under the suzerainty of the Crown of Saint Stephen kept a certain level of self-rule.
The 1790 Austrian population census for the Kingdom of Slavonia recorded 131,000 ("46.8%"),
Serbs128,000 ("45.7%") Croats, 19,000 ("6.8%") Hungarians, and 2,000 ("0.7%") Germans. The Kingdom of Slavonia in this time also included northern parts of eastern Syrmiamainly inhabited by Serbs, hence the number of Serbs in the Kingdom was larger than the number of Croats.
Other statistics show different numbers. In 1787. in civil Slavonia there were 265670 inhabitants, and in 1804./5. there were 286349 inhabitants, but from that number clergy and nobility were excluded. Ethnicity can be (disputedly) determined through religion Germans and Italians and catholic Slavs are mostly of the same religion. Only men were in that census. There were: 74671
roman catholic, 68390 orthodox, 1744 calvinist, 97 lutheranand 160 Jews. Number of orthodox was higher in Syrmia, 32090 orthodoxand 12633 roman catholic. In other two counties of Slavonia: Požega and Virovitica, as in city of Požega roman catholicoutnumbered orthodoxpopulation. At that time colonization of Slavonia with people from other parts of Habsburg empire was just in the beginning so the vast majority of roman catholicwere Croats, hence Croatsoutnumbered Serbsin civil Slavonia, although the Serbswere more numerous in Syrmia.
*Peter Rokai, Zoltan Đere, Tibor Pal, Aleksandar Kasaš, Istorija Mađara, Beograd, 2002.
*Mladen Lorković, Narod i zemlja Hrvata, reprint, Split 2005.
Banovina of Slavonia
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia — Kraljevina Hrvatska i Slavonija Horvát Szlavón Királyság Land of the Crown of St. Stephen (within the Austro Hungarian Monarchy) … Wikipedia
Kingdom of Croatia (Habsburg) — Kingdom of Croatia Kraljevina Hrvatska Regnum Croatiae Königreich Kroatien Land of the Crown of St. Stephen within the Habsburg Monarchy (1527 1804) then Constituent land of the Austrian Empire … Wikipedia
Slavonia — Not to be confused with Slovenia, a nearby country. Slavonia (Croatian, Serbian: Slavonija , Cyrillic script: Славонија) is a geographical and historical region in eastern Croatia. It is a fertile agricultural and forested lowland bounded, in… … Wikipedia
Kingdom of Croatia (medieval) — This article is about the medieval state. For the Habsburg Croatia, see Kingdom of Croatia (Habsburg). Croat Kingdom Kraljevstvo Hrvata Regnum Chroatorum ← … Wikipedia
Kingdom of Hungary — Infobox Former Country native name = Magyar Királyság conventional long name = Kingdom of Hungary common name = Hungary continent = Europe region = Carpathian Basin year start = 1000 year end = 1946 date start = date end = life span = 1000 1918… … Wikipedia
Kingdom of Hungary in the Middle Ages — Kingdom of Hungary Magyar Királyság (hu) Regnum Hungariae (la) ← … Wikipedia
Kingdom of Bohemia — České království (cs) Königreich Böhmen (de) Regnum Bohemiae (la) Imperial elector Part of Habsburg Empire (1620/27–1804) Kronland of the Austrian Empire (1804–67) Part of Cisleithanian Austria Hungary … Wikipedia
Kingdom of Yugoslavia — For other uses, see Yugoslavia. Kingdom of Yugoslavia 1 Краљевина Југославија Kraljevina Jugoslavija ← … Wikipedia
Kingdom of Croatia (Medieval) — The Kingdom of Croatia was an independent state from circa 925 until 1102 covering most of what is today Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina in the Balkans. The state was ruled mostly by native Croats of Trpimirović dynasty until 1102, when the… … Wikipedia
Kingdom of Serbia (medieval) — Medieval Serbian Kingdom redirects here. For Kingdom of Serbia (1882–1918), see Kingdom of Serbia. For the province of the Habsburg Monarchy, see Kingdom of Serbia (1718–1739). Kingdom of Serbia Kraljevina Srbija … Wikipedia