Zaandam


Zaandam

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caption = Zaandam in the municipality of Zaanstad.

Zaandam (coord|52|26|N|4|50|E|type:city(71780)_region:NL) is a town in the Dutch province of North Holland. It is the main city of the municipality of Zaanstad, and received city rights in 1811. It is located on the Zaan, close to the North Sea Canal, and is in close proximity to the capital Amsterdam.

The statistical district "Zaandam", which covers the village and the surrounding countryside, has a population of around 71,780.Statistics Netherlands (CBS), "Statline: Kerncijfers wijken en buurten 2003-2005" [http://statline.cbs.nl/] . As of January 1, 2005.]

Zaandam was a separate municipality until 1974, when it became a part of the new municipality of Zaanstad. [Repertorium Nederlandse Gemeenten]

History

Zaandam and the surrounding Zaan River region, called the Zaanstreek, have a history that is intimately connected with industry. Zaandam was a leading city in the first Industrial Revolution. In the Golden Age, Zaandam served as a large milling center. Thousands of windmills powered saws that were processing Scandinavian wood for the shipbuilding and paper industries.

Zaandam is also historically linked with the whaling industry.

Into the second half of the 20th century, Zaandam was still an important lumber port. A statue was commissioned from the Yugoslav sculptor Slavomir Miletić in honor of this era, and the statue, “The Woodworker” ("“De Houtwerker”") was installed on June 20 2004.

Peter I of Russia spent some time in Zaandam in 1697, studying shipbuilding. The house where he stayed is preserved as a museum, the Czar Peter House.

The first European McDonald's restaurant opened in 1971 in Zaandam. McDonald's International (Press Release), "Fascinating McFacts about McDonald's International," 1996 [http://www.mcspotlight.org/media/press/prnews_9dec96.html] , ] The Albert Heijn supermarket chain is also headquartered in Zaandam, where it originated.

Notable people born in Zaandam

* Anton Mauve (1838-1888), painter
* Jan Verkade (1868-1946), painter
* Kees Bruynzeel (1900-1980), wood merchant, yachtsman and boatbuilder
* Arie Smit (*1916), painter
* Han Bennink (*1942), jazz musician
* Johnny Rep (*1951), football player
* Erwin Koeman (*1961), football player/football coach
* Ronald Koeman (*1963), football player/football coach
* Robert Molenaar (*1969), football player

Transport

*Zaandam railway station

References

External links

* [http://www.kuijsten.de/atlas/nh/zaandam.html Map of the former municipality in 1868]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Zaandam — (Zaardam, Zaanredam, Sardam), Stadt im Bezirk Haarlem der niederländischen Provinz Nordholland, am Ausflusse des Zaan in den Y, durch den Zaan in West u. Ostzaandam getheilt; mehre Kirchen verschiedener Confessionen, mit Gärten u. Wassergräben… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Zaandam — (Saardam), Stadt in der niederländ. Provinz Nordholland, Bezirk Haarlem, an der Mündung der Zaan in das Y, 10 km nordwestlich von Amsterdam, Knotenpunkt der Linien Helder Amsterdam und Z. Enkhuizen der Holländischen Eisenbahn, früher bekannt… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Zaandam — (Saardam), Stadt in der niederländ. Prov. Nordholland, an der Mündung der Zaan in den Nordseekanal, (1904) 23.517 E.; früher Schiffswerften (auf denen 1697 Peter d. Gr. arbeitete). [Karte: Niederlande etc. I, 2.] …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Zaandam — [zän däm′] former city in W Netherlands: now part of Zaanstad * * * Zaan·dam (zän dămʹ, dämʹ) A city of western Netherlands west northwest of Amsterdam. Population: 132,146. * * * …   Universalium

  • Zaandam — [zän däm′] former city in W Netherlands: now part of Zaanstad …   English World dictionary

  • Zaandam — Arma de Zaandam Localización …   Wikipedia Español

  • Zaandam — Gemeinde Zaanstad Flagge Wappen Provinz Nordholland …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Zaandam — 52° 26′ 30″ N 4° 49′ 32″ E / 52.4417, 4.82556 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Zaandam — Original name in latin Zaandam Name in other language Zaandam, Заандам State code NL Continent/City Europe/Amsterdam longitude 52.43854 latitude 4.82643 altitude 1 Population 71708 Date 2010 06 01 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Zaandam —    City founded at the sluices of the River Zaan, north of the IJ River near Amsterdam. The region was known for its timber in dustry (sawmills) and shipyards. At present, the city of about 72,500 inhabitants is part of the municipality of… …   Historical Dictionary of the Netherlands