Shaikh Uvais

Shaikh Uvais

Shaikh Uvais, also known as Uways or Oways (سلطان شیخ اویس), was a Jalayirid ruler of Iraq (1356-1374) and Azerbaijan (1360-1374). He was the son of Hasan Buzurg and the Chobanid Delsad Katun.


Shortly after Uvais succeeded his father, the old enemy of the Jalayirids, the Chobanids, were overrun by the forces of the Blue Horde under Jani Beg in 1357. Malek Asraf was executed, and Azerbaijan was conquered. Following Jani Beg’s withdrawal from Azerbaijan, as well as his son Berdi Beg’s similar abandonment of the region in 1358, the area became a prime target for its neighbors. Uvais, who at first had recognized the sovereignty of the Blue Horde, decided to take the former Chobanid lands for himself, even as a former amir of Malek Asraf’s named Akhichuq attempted to keep the region in Mongol hands. Despite a campaign that ended prematurely, as well as the brief conquest of Azerbaijan by the Muzaffarids, Uvais conquered the area in 1360. In addition to Baghdad, he could now boast Tabriz as a large city under his control.

During his reign, Shaikh Uvais sought to increase his holdings in Persia. He became involved in the power struggles of the Muzaffarids, supporting Shah Mahmud in his efforts against his brother Shah Shuja. Shah Mahmud married one of Uvais’ daughters, and received support around 1363 in his conquest of Shiraz. In 1364 Uvais campaigned against the Shirvan Shah Kai-Ka’us, but a revolt begun by the governor of Baghdad, Khwaja Mirjan, forced him to return to reassert his authority. In 1366 Uvais marched against the Black Sheep Turkmen, defeating their leader, Bairam Khwaja, at the battle of Mush. Later, he defeated the Shirvan Shah, who had attacked Tabriz twice in the meantime. In an effort to extend further east, he fought against Amir Vali, who ruled in Astarbad, and defeated him in Ray. When his brother Amir Zahid died in Ujan, however, he was forced to turn back. The governorship of Ray was trusted in the hands of a Qutlugh Shah, who was followed two years later by ‘Adil Aqa.

Due to his campaigns, Uvais spent much time in Persia, and he died in Tabriz in 1374; Baghdad, however, remained his capital. During his lifetime, the Jalayirid state reached its peak in power. In addition to his military adventures, which were considerable, he was known for his attempts to revive commercial enterprise, which had suffered heavily in the past years, in the region, as well as his patronage to the arts. His chronicler, Abu Bakr al-Qutbi al Ahri, wrote of Uvais’ deeds in the "Tarikh-i Shaikh Uvais". Shaikh Uvais was succeeded by his son Hasan.


*Peter Jackson (1986). "The Cambridge History of Iran, Volume Six: The Timurid and Safavid Periods". ISBN 0-521-20094-6

ee also

*History of Iran

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hasan Buzurg — Shaikh Hasan, called Buzurg ( The Great ), was the first of several de facto independent Jalayirid rulers of Iraq and central Iran. He was the son of Husain and Öljetey.haikh Hasan i BuzurgHasan Buzurg married the daughter of Amir Coban, Bagdad… …   Wikipedia

  • Husain (Jalayirids) — Husain (d. April or May 1382) was a Jalayirid ruler (1374 1382). He was the son of Shaikh Uvais.Following the execution of his brother Hasan, the amirs placed Husain on the throne. Almost immediately he had to deal with an invasion by his brother …   Wikipedia

  • 1358 — Year 1358 was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. Events of 1358 * March 16 King Haakon VI Magnusson of Norway designates the city of Skien as a city with trading privileges, making it… …   Wikipedia

  • Muzaffarids — Infobox Former Country native name = آل مظفر conventional long name = Muzaffarids common name = Muzaffarids continent = moved from Category:Asia to the Middle East region = the Middle East status = Empire government type = Monarchy year start =… …   Wikipedia

  • Temürtas — was also the name of another Chupanid; see Timurtash. Temürtas was the eldest son of the Chupanids prince Malek Ashraf.In 1357 Temürtas father was executed by the forces of the Blue Horde under Jani Beg, and his lands were annexed by the Mongols …   Wikipedia

  • Muzaffarids of Iran — Mozaffari آل مظفر ← 1335–1393 …   Wikipedia

  • Ahmad (Jalayirids) — Sultan Ahmad was a Jalayirid ruler (1382 1410). He was the son of Shaikh Uvais.truggle With His BrothersAhmad came to power as a result of a plot against his brother Husain. In 1382 he departed from Ardabil, which he had been given control of,… …   Wikipedia

  • Bayazid (Jalayirids) — Bayazid was the Jalayirid ruler of Soltaniyeh (1382 1384) in opposition to his brother Sultan Ahmad. He was the son of Shaikh Uvais.In 1382 Bayazid and his brothers Ahmad and Shaikh Ali plotted to overthrow their brother Husain. Ahmad acted first …   Wikipedia

  • Amir Vali — (also spelled Wali) was the ruler of Astarabad and parts of Mazandaran from 1356 until 1366, and again from c. 1374 until 1384. His relatively long reign was dominated by conflict with the Sarbadars and the Jalayirids, and ended only upon the… …   Wikipedia

  • Uways — (Arabic: أويس‎) is the name of several famous persons and religious movements: Uwais al Qarni, a Yemenite from the time of Muhammad classified by Muslims as a Ṭābi‘ Uwaisi, a Sufi religious movement named for Uwais al Qarni the Naqshbandia… …   Wikipedia

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.