Iodate


Iodate

An iodate is a salt of iodic acid. [ [http://www.m-w.com/cgi-bin/dictionary?book=Dictionary&va=iodate Merriam-Webster definition] ] In the iodate anion, iodine is bonded to three oxygen atoms and the molecular formula is IO3. The molecular geometry of iodate is trigonal pyramid.

Iodate can be obtained by reducing periodate with a thioether. The byproduct of the reaction is a sulfoxide. [cite journal |last=Qiu |first=Chao |coauthors=Sheng Han; Xingguo Cheng; and Tianhui Ren |year=2005 |title=Distribution of Thioethers in Hydrotreated Transformer Base Oil by Oxidation and ICP-AES Analysis |journal=Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research |volume=44 |issue=11 |pages=4151–4155 |doi=10.1021/ie048833b |url=http://pubs.acs.org/cgi-bin/abstract.cgi/iecred/2005/44/i11/abs/ie048833b.html |accessdate=2007-05-03 |quote=Thioethers can be oxidized to sulfoxides by periodate, and periodate is reduced to iodate |format=abstract]

Iodates are a class of chemical compounds containing this group. Examples are sodium iodate (NaIO3), silver iodate (AgIO3), and calcium iodate (Ca(IO3)2). Iodates resemble chlorates with iodine instead of chlorine.

In acid conditions, iodic acid is formed. Potassium hydrogen iodate (KH(IO3)2) is a double salt of potassium iodate and iodic acid and an acid as well. Iodates are used in the iodine clock reaction.

References


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  • iodate — [ jɔdat ] n. m. • 1816; de iode ♦ Chim. Sel de l acide iodique. ● iodate nom masculin Sel de l acide iodique. (Les iodates ont pour formule générale MIO3, où M est un métal monovalent.) iodate n. m. CHIM Sel de l acide iodique. ⇒IODATE, subst.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Iodate — I o*date ([imac] [ o]*d[asl]t), n. (Chem.) A salt of iodic acid. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • iodate — [ī′ə dāt΄] vt. iodated, iodating [ IOD(O) + ATE2] to treat with iodine n. any salt of iodic acid iodation n …   English World dictionary

  • Iodate — L anion iodate IO3−. Modèle tridimensionnel de l ion …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Iodate — Das Iodatanion IO3− Iodate sind Salze der Iodsäure mit dem Anion IO3−. Alle Iodate sind starke Oxidationsmittel. Sie sind beständiger und zugleich deutlich schwächer in ihrer Oxidationswirkung als Bromate und Chlorate …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • iodate — iodation, n. /uy euh dayt /, n., v., iodated, iodating. n. 1. Chem. a salt of iodic acid, as sodium iodate, NaIO3. v.t. 2. Also, iodinate. to iodize. [1830 40; IOD(IC ACID) + ATE2] * * * …   Universalium

  • iodate — i•o•date [[t]ˈaɪ əˌdeɪt[/t]] n. v. dat•ed, dat•ing 1) chem. a salt of iodic acid, as sodium iodate, NaIO3 2) chem. to iodize • Etymology: 1830–40 i o•da′tion, n …   From formal English to slang

  • iodate — /ˈaɪədeɪt/ (say uyuhdayt) noun 1. Chemistry a salt of iodic acid, as sodium iodate, NaIO3. –verb (t) (iodated, iodating) 2. to iodise. –iodation /aɪəˈdeɪʃən/ (say uyuh dayshuhn), noun …   Australian English dictionary

  • iodate — jodatas statusas T sritis chemija formulė MIO₃ atitikmenys: angl. iodate rus. иодат ryšiai: sinonimas – trioksojodatas (1–) …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • iodate — noun Etymology: French, from iode Date: 1826 a salt containing the IO3 ion …   New Collegiate Dictionary


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