- James Dolan (Lincoln County War)
James Dolan (
May 2, 1848- February 6, 1898) was an Old Westbusinessman, cattleman, and a key factor in the Lincoln County War, in New Mexico, which launched Billy the Kidto fame.
Early life and Murphy association
Dolan was born in
Ireland, and moved to the United Statesat the age of five with his family. He served in the Union Armyfrom 1863 until the Civil Wars end, after which he moved to Lincoln County, New Mexico. He worked as a clerk for Lawrence Murphy, and by 1874 the two men were business partners in a mercantile and banking operation. The venture was highly successful and profitable, mainly due to there being no other competition.
Dolan was known as a hot-tempered man. In May 1873, Dolan had attempted to shoot
US Cavalry CaptainJames Randlett on Fort Stanton, resulting in "L. G. Murphy & Co." being evicted from the fort. On May 9, 1877, Dolan killed Hilario Jaramillo, claiming that the latter had charged him with a knife. George Peppin, a recent friend, later married Jaramillo's widow, and many suspected that the two had planned the killing of her late husband.
It would be the only killing he would personally commit, preferring thereafter to hire others to commit acts of violence under his direction. By this time, however, Dolan had became close friends with
Sheriff William J. Brady, who later was suspected to have been corrupt. Because of the lack of competition, the Murphy-Dolan businesses charged high prices for their goods, making them hated by local farmers and ranchers.
To counter this, in 1876 rancher
John Tunstalland businessman Alexander McSweenopened a competing business, with the support of rancher John Chisum. The general storeand bank, called "J. H. Tunstall & Co", was located near to the Murphy-Dolan businesses, in Lincoln, New Mexico, and enraged Dolan. With Murphy's support, Dolan hired gunmen with the intent of goading Tunstall into a fight. Dolan hired members of the Seven Rivers Warriors, the Jessie Evans Gang, and the John Kinney Gang. Of those hired by Dolan, Jessie Evans was the most feared. [http://www.legendsofamerica.com/we-lawrencemurphy.html]
Lincoln County War
The gunmen rustled cattle from Tunstall, and dispersed his herds, in response top which Tunstall hired gunmen of his own, namely Dick Brewer,
Charlie Bowdre, Billy the Kid, Doc Scurlock, George Coe and Frank Coe. On February 18, 1878, John Tunstall was shot and killed by Jessie Evans, William Morton, Tom Hill and Frank Baker. This sparked what would become known as the Lincoln County War, one of the most famous range wars.
Although Dolan was suspected, and it is likely, to have ordered the killing, Sheriff Brady did nothing. In reaction to this, Alex McSween organized the
Lincoln County Regulators, who were deputized to capture and bring in Evans, Morton, Baker and Hill. William Morton and Frank Baker were captured on March 6by the Regualators, who on March 9th, 1878 executed them both, along with fellow Regulator William McCloskey, who was suspected to have betrayed the Regulators and of being on Dolan's payroll. That same day Jessie Evans and Tom Hill attempted to disperse sheep on a local farm, and Tom Hill was killed by the sheep farmer, while Evans was wounded.
During that period, Dolan offered a reward for anyone who would kill Alex McSween. On
April 1, 1878, the Regulators killed Sheriff Brady and his deputy George W. Hindman. Several killings followed, committed by both the Regulators and the gunmen hired by Dolan, who were often led by Jessie Evans. John Copeland was appointed to replace Brady, but when he refused to side with either faction, preferring to remain neutral and deal with both sides accordingly, he was dismissed and replaced by George Peppin, who was plainly on the side of the Murphy-Dolan faction. The range war lasted through July, 1878, culminating in the Battle of Lincoln.
Aftermath, later life
When the range war ended, Susan McSween hired
attorneyHuston Chapman to pursue charges against James Dolan and others, in addition to working toward amnestyfor the Regulators. On February 18, 1879, ironically one year to the day from when Tunstall was murdered, Jessie Evans and Billy Campbell killed Chapman, then fled the territory. That murder also was attributed to Dolan, though his involvement was never proven. Dolan was indictedfor the murderof John Tunstall, but was acquitted. Dolan later suffered from alcoholism, but did serve as the Lincoln County Treasurer for a time, as well as in the Territorial Senate. He died on his ranch in 1898, having by that time purchased all of Tunstall's property as well.
* [http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/WWdolanJ.htm James Dolan]
* [http://www.legendsofamerica.com/we-jamesdolan.html James Dolan, Lincoln County War]
* [http://www.legendsofamerica.com/we-lawrencemurphy.html Dolan-Murphy]
* [http://www.geocities.com/Yosemite/Rapids/9755/NMLincolnCountyWar.html Lincoln County War]
* [http://www.southernnewmexico.com/Articles/Southeast/Lincoln/TheLincolnCountyWar.html Lincoln County War, "Competition Wasn't Welcome]
* [http://www.crimelibrary.com/gangsters_outlaws/outlaws/mccarty/3.html Lincoln County War, Billy the Kid] ]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Lincoln County War — Infobox Military Conflict conflict = Lincoln County War date = February 18 to July 19, 1878 place = Lincoln County, New Mexico, United States result = Indecisive combatant1 = Ranchers combatant2 = Regulators commander1 = Lawrence Murphy James… … Wikipedia
Lincoln-County-Rinderkrieg — Der Lincoln County Rinderkrieg war ein Konflikt, der im 19. Jahrhundert im US amerikanischen Grenzland stattfand. Dieser „Krieg“ brach zwischen den reichen Rinderzüchtern und den Geschäftsleuten in Lincoln County, New Mexico aus. Ein bekannter… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Lincoln County Regulators — Die Regulatoren (eng: Regulators) waren eine Gruppe von Cowboys und Outlaws, die im Jahr 1878 eine wichtige Fraktion im sogenannten Lincoln County Rinderkrieg (Lincoln County, New Mexico) darstellte. Berühmtestes Mitglied der Regulatoren war der… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Lincoln County Rinderkrieg — Dieser Artikel oder Abschnitt ist nicht hinreichend mit Belegen (Literatur, Webseiten oder Einzelnachweisen) versehen. Die fraglichen Angaben werden daher möglicherweise demnächst gelöscht. Hilf Wikipedia, indem du die Angaben recherchierst und… … Deutsch Wikipedia
James P. Beckwourth — James Pierson Beckwourth (* 26. April 1798 oder 1800 als James P. Beckwith in Frederick County, Virginia; † 29. Oktober 1866 im Norden Colorados), auch Jim Beckwourth, war ein Sklave, Trapper, Indianer Häuptling, Soldat, Händler,… … Deutsch Wikipedia
George Peppin — (October, 1841 September 14, 1904) was a corrupt sheriff in Lincoln County, New Mexico, who figured prominently into the Lincoln County War.Early lifePeppin was born in Mountsville, Vermont, and later moved to California. He joined the Union Army … Wikipedia
Billy the Kid — Infobox Person name = Henry McCarty a.k.a. William H. Bonney a.k.a. Billy the Kid image size = 250px caption = Billy the Kid. (Reversed ferrotype photograph) birth date = birth date|1859|11|23 birth place = New York City, New York, United States… … Wikipedia
Lawrence Murphy — (1831 October 20, 1878) was a businessman of the Old West, and a main instigator of the Lincoln County War. Early life, Lincoln County WarMurphy was born in Ireland, and as an adult moved to the United States, soon after serving in US Army… … Wikipedia
Susan McSween — (December 30, 1845 – January 3, 1931) was a prominent cattlewoman of the 19th century, once called the Cattle Queen of New Mexico , and the widow of Alexander McSween, a leading factor in the Lincoln County War, and who was shot and killed by… … Wikipedia
Santa Fe Ring — The Santa Fe Ring (ca. 1870s) was the name referring to a group of powerful attorneys and land speculators existing in the United States during the late 19th century and into the early 20th century, which amassed a fortune through political… … Wikipedia