Cius or Kios (Greek: Kίος), later renamed Prusias ad Mare after king Prusias I of Bithynia, was an ancient Greek city bordering the Propontis (now known as the Sea of Marmara), in Bithynia (in modern northwestern Turkey), and had a long history, being mentioned by Aristotle, and Strabo. It was colonized by the Milesians and became a place of much commercial importance. It joined the Aetolian League, and was destroyed by Philip V of Macedon in the Cretan War. It was rebuilt by Prusias I of Bithynia who renamed it for himself. An important chain in the ancient Silk Road, it became known as a wealthy town. Following the population exchange in 1923, the Greek refugees from Cius established the village of Nea Kios, in Argolis, Greece. There are only few remnants of the ancient town and its harbour today. Somewhat more to the west, the new modern town of Gemlik, Bursa Province, Turkey can be found.

Notable residents

Claudia Metrodora - 1st century public benefactor


External links

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Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Cius — (forme latine) ou Kios (en grec Kίος ou Kείος, parfois transcrit en Keios, plus tard Prusa, Prusias et Prusias ad Mare) est une ancienne cité côtière grecque au bord de la Propontide (aujourd’hui la mer de Marmara), en Bithynie (nord ouest de la… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Cius — • A titular see of Asia Minor Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • cius — eri·cius; hic·cius; sphe·cius; …   English syllables

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  • Cius (Kios) —     Cius     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Cius     (Kios.)     A titular see of Asia Minor. Kios was a Milesian colony on the Bithynian coast in the Kianos Kolpos, a bay formed by the Propontis. It was captured by Hymeos, a general of Darius, was… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Cius (Titularerzbistum) — Cius (ital.: Cio) ist ein Titularerzbistum der römisch katholischen Kirche. Es geht zurück auf einen antiken Bischofssitz in der Stadt Kios (heute Gemlik), die sich in der kleinasiatischen Landschaft und spätantiken römischen Provinz Bithynien in …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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