Upper Austria


Upper Austria
Upper Austria
Oberösterreich
—  State of Austria  —

Flag

Coat of arms
Country  Austria
Capital Linz
Government
 – Governor Josef Pühringer (ÖVP)
Area
 – Total 11,979.91 km2 (4,625.5 sq mi)
Population
 – Total 1,412,700
 – Density 117.9/km2 (305.4/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 – Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code AT-4
NUTS Region AT3
Votes in Bundesrat 12 (of 62)
Website www.land-oberoesterreich.gv.at

Upper Austria (German: Oberösterreich, Czech: Horní Rakousko, Austro-Bavarian: Obaöstarreich) is one of the nine states or Bundesländer of Austria. Its capital is Linz. Upper Austria borders on Germany and the Czech Republic, as well as on the other Austrian states of Lower Austria, Styria, and Salzburg. With an area of 11,980 km² and 1.412 million inhabitants, Upper Austria is the fourth-largest Austrian state by land area and third-largest by population.

Contents

History

Origins

For a long period of the Middle Ages, much of Upper Austria belonged to the Duchy of Styria. In the mid 13th century the Traungau was removed from it by King Ottokar II of Bohemia, and it became known as the Principality above the Enns River, this name being first recorded in 1264. (At the time the term "Upper Austria" also included Tyrol and various scattered Habsburg possessions in South Germany.)

In 1490, the area was given a measure of independence within the Holy Roman Empire, with the status of a principality. By 1550 there was a Protestant majority. In 1564, Upper Austria, together with Lower Austria and the Bohemian territories, fell under Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian II.

At the start of the 17th century the counter-reformation was instituted under Emperor Rudolf II and his successor Matthias. After a military campaign, the area was under the control of Bavaria for some years in the early 17th century.

The Innviertel was ceded from the Duchy of Bavaria to Upper Austria in the Treaty of Teschen in 1779. During the Napoleonic Wars, Upper Austria was occupied by the French army on more than one occasion.

Present day

Hallstatt, a village in Upper Austria

In 1918, after the collapse of Austria-Hungary, the name Oberösterreich was used to describe the province of the new Austria. After Austria was annexed by Adolf Hitler, Upper Austria became Reichsgau Oberdonau, although this also included the southern part of the Sudetenland, annexed from Czechoslovakia, and a small part of Styria. In 1945, Upper Austria was partitioned between the American zone to the south and the Soviet zone to the north.

Administrative divisions

OberösterreichLänd Bezirke

Upper Austria is traditionally divided into four regions: Hausruckviertel, Innviertel, Mühlviertel, and Traunviertel.

Administratively, the state is divided into 15 districts (Bezirke), three Statutarstädte and 444 municipalities.

Statutarstädte

  1. Linz
  2. Steyr
  3. Wels

Districts

  1. Braunau am Inn
  2. Eferding
  3. Freistadt
  4. Gmunden
  5. Grieskirchen
  6. Kirchdorf an der Krems
  7. Linz-Land
  8. Perg
  9. Ried im Innkreis
  10. Rohrbach
  11. Schärding
  12. Steyr-Land
  13. Urfahr-Umgebung
  14. Vöcklabruck
  15. Wels-Land

See also

  • Linz
  • Austro-Bavarian language

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Upper Austria — Admin ASC 1 Code Orig. name Upper Austria Country and Admin Code AT.04 AT …   World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II

  • Upper Austria — a province in N Austria. 1,270,426; 4631 sq. mi. (11,995 sq. km). Cap.: Linz. * * * …   Universalium

  • Upper Austria — northern Austria bordering Bavaria, the Czech Republic, and Slovakia …   Eponyms, nicknames, and geographical games

  • Upper Austria — /ʌpər ˈɒstriə/ (say upuhr ostreeuh) noun a province in northern Austria. 11 979 km2. Capital: Linz. German, Oberösterreich …   Australian English dictionary

  • Upper Austria — a province in N Austria. 1,270,426; 4631 sq. mi. (11,995 sq. km). Cap.: Linz …   Useful english dictionary

  • Manning, Upper Austria — Coordinates: 48°05′13″N 13°40′02″E / 48.08694°N 13.66722°E / 48.08694; 13.66722 …   Wikipedia

  • Krems (Upper Austria) — The Krems is an approximately 60 kilometer long tributary of the Traun in Upper Austria.It originates at the foot of the mountain Kremsmauer in Micheldorf, runs northwards in the Traunviertel through the Upper Austrian Alpine foothills, and flows …   Wikipedia

  • Auerbach, Upper Austria — Infobox Ort in Österreich Art = Gemeinde Name = Auerbach Wappen = lat deg = 48 | lat min = 03 | lat sec = 54 lon deg = 13 | lon min = 06 | lon sec = 33 Lageplan = Bundesland = Oberösterreich Bezirk = Braunau am Inn Höhe = 488 Fläche = 11… …   Wikipedia

  • Aspach, Upper Austria — Infobox Ort in Österreich Art = Marktgemeinde Name = Aspach Wappen = lat deg = 48 | lat min = 11 | lat sec = 10 lon deg = 13 | lon min = 18 | lon sec = 20 Lageplan = Bundesland = Oberösterreich Bezirk = Braunau am Inn Höhe = 443 Fläche = 31.45… …   Wikipedia

  • Grünbach, Upper Austria — Infobox Ort in Österreich Art = Gemeinde Name = Grünbach Wappen = Wappen at gruenbach bei freistadt.png lat deg = 48 | lat min = 32 | lat sec = 20 lon deg = 14 | lon min = 32 | lon sec = 10 Lageplan = Bundesland = Oberösterreich Bezirk =… …   Wikipedia


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