Mogok


Mogok
Mogok
မိုးကုတ်
Mogoke[1]
Mogok is located in Burma
Mogok
Location of Mandalay, Burma
Coordinates: 22°55′N 96°30′E / 22.917°N 96.5°E / 22.917; 96.5Coordinates: 22°55′N 96°30′E / 22.917°N 96.5°E / 22.917; 96.5
Country  Burma
Region Mandalay Region
District Pyin Oo Lwin
Township Mogok
Government
 - Mayor
Population (2005)
 - Total 150,000
 - Religions Theravada Buddhism
Time zone MST (UTC+6.30)

Mogok (Burmese: မိုးကုတ်, pronounced [móɡouʔ]; Shan: မိူင်းၵုတ်ႈ) is a city in the Pyin Oo Lwin District of the Mandalay Region of Burma (Myanmar), located 200 km north of Mandalay and 148 km northeast of Shwebo.

Contents

Geography

At 1170 meters in elevation, the city has fairly temperate climate year-round, and is home to mostly Bamar, with large minorities of Shan, Lisu, Palaung, Karen ethnic groups, as well as Chinese, Indians and Gurkha.

Repute for gemstones

Mogok and other villages nearby have been famous since ancient times for its gemstones, especially ruby and sapphire, but semi-precious stones such as lapis lazuli, garnet, moonstone, peridot and chrysoberyl are also found. The gems are found in alluvial marble gravels by means of panning, tunneling and digging pits by hand. There is little mechanization of the mining. The gravels derive from the metamorphosed limestones (marbles) of the Mogok metamorphic belt.[2][3]

Gems are sold in markets in Mogok; however, foreigners require special permits to visit the town, and purchase/export of gems from Myanmar at non-government licensed dealers is illegal.

90% of the world's rubies come from Myanmar. The red stones from there are prized for their purity and hue. Thailand buys the majority of Myanmar's gems. The "Valley of Rubies", the mountainous Mogok area, 200 km (120 mi) north of Mandalay, is noted for its rare pigeon's blood rubies and blue sapphires. Working conditions in the mines, however, are said to be horrendous. Debbie Stothard of the Alternative ASEAN Network on Burma stated that mining operators used drugs on employees to improve productivity, with needles shared, raising the risk of HIV infection: "These rubies are red with the blood of young people." Brian Leber (jeweler who founded The Jewellers' Burma Relief Project) stated that "for the time being," Burmese gems should not be something to be proud of.[4]

Notes

  1. ^ "Pyin Oo Lwin / Mogoke Map" Myanmar Information Management Unit (MIMU)
  2. ^ Searle, D. L.; Ba Than Haq (1964) "The Mogok belt of Burma and its relationship to the Himalayan orogeny" Proceedings of the 22nd International Geological Conference, Delhi 11: pp. 132–161
  3. ^ Iyer, Lakshinarayanpuran Anantkrishna Narayana (1953) The geology and gem-stones of the Mogok Stone Tract, Burma Geological Survey of India Memoir 82, Government of India Press, Calcutta, OCLC 6526679 ; reprinted in 2007 by White Lotus, Bangkok, ISBN 978-974-480-123-4
  4. ^ Crimmins, Carmel (7 October 2007) "Move over, blood diamonds" Reuters, from Internet Archive of 16 February 2008

External links



Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Mogok — Corindon extrait à Mogok Mogok (birman : မိုးကုတ်) est une localité de Birmanie située dans le district de Pyin U Lwin, au nord est de la Région de Mandalay. Située à 200 km au nord de Mandalay et 148 km au nord est de Shwebo, elle est… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Mogok — Original name in latin Mogok Name in other language Magok, Mogok, Могок State code MM Continent/City Asia/Rangoon longitude 22.91766 latitude 96.50982 altitude 1162 Population 90843 Date 2012 12 06 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Mogok —    (Mogoke)    Located in the uplands of northern Mandalay Division. Mogok has for centuries been Burma s major producer of sapphires and world famous pigeon blood rubies. Because gemstones are a state monopoly, the extensive mines, both open… …   Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)

  • Mogok Sayadaw (Venerable Sayadawgyi U Wimala) — Mogok Sayadaw U Vimala Religion Buddhism School Theravada Personal Nationality Myanmar Born 27 December 1899( …   Wikipedia

  • Mogok Township — မိုးကုတ်မြို့ခရိုင   Township   …   Wikipedia

  • Mogok (film) — Mogok Directed by K.M. Basker Produced by Malay Film Productions Release date(s) 1957 (1957) …   Wikipedia

  • Momeik — Mong Mit (မိူင်းမိတ်ႈ) …   Wikipedia

  • Momeik — Elbaïte extraite à Momeik Momeik, ou Mong Mit en shan, est une ville de Birmanie située dans le nord de l État Shan, au bord de la Shweli (un affluent de l Irrawaddy). Sommaire …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Prince of Burma — Der Prince of Burma ist ein an Marmor auskristallisierter, ungeschliffener Rohrubin mit einem Gewicht von 190 g (ca. 950 Karat), der größtenteils Schmucksteinqualität hat. Er wurde 1996 in der Dattaw Mine in Mogok, einem Teil von Burma gefunden… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Orangutan Island — Genre Nature, documentary, drama Created by Judith Curran Country of origin United States Language(s) English No. of seasons …   Wikipedia