- Fort Monmouth
Fort Monmouth is an installation of the
Department of the Armyin Monmouth County, New Jersey. The post is surrounded by the communities of Eatontown, Tinton Falls and Oceanport, New Jersey, and is located about one mile from the Atlantic Ocean. The post covers nearly convert|1126|acre|km2 of land, from the Shrewsbury Riveron the east, to Route 35 on the west; this area is referred to as 'Main Post'. A separate area (Camp Charles Wood) to the west includes post housing, a golf course, and additional office and laboratory facilities. A rail line, owned by Conrail, runs through Camp Charles Wood and out to Naval Weapons Station Earle. The post is like a small town, including a Post Exchange (PX), health clinic, gas station and other amentities. Until the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks, the post was open to the public to drive through; since that time, the post is closed to all but authorized personnel.
The post is home to several units of the
U.S. Army Materiel Commandand offices of the Army Acquisition Executive (AAE) that research and manage Command and Control, Communications, Computing, Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (C4ISR) capabilities and related technology, as well as an interservice organization designed to coordinate C4ISR, an academic preparatory school, an explosive ordnance disposal (EOD) unit, a garrison services unit, an Army health clinic, and a Veterans Administration health clinic. Other agencies, including the Federal Bureau of Investigation, Federal Emergency Management Agencyand the National Security Agency, have presences on the post.
The post was selected for closure by the Base Realignment and Closure Commission in 2005. Most Army functions and personnel are required and scheduled to be moved to Army facilities in
Marylandand Ohioby 2011.
* For more information, see the official U.S. Army CECOM Life Cycle Management Command (LCMC) / Fort Monmouth Historical Office website at [http://www.monmouth.army.mil/historian/] or [http://www.monmouth.army.mil/historian/pubupdates/Fort_Monmouth_Timeline_07_22_05.doc |Fort Monmouth Timeline, (a Microsoft Word document)]
The original name of the installation was Camp Little Silver. It was renamed Camp
Alfred Vailshortly after its establishment in 1917. The Chief Signal Officer authorized the purchase of Camp Vail in 1919. The Signal CorpsSchool relocated to Camp Vail from Fort Leavenworththat year. The Signal Corps Board followed in 1924. In August 1925 the installation was granted permanent status and was renamed Fort Monmouth. It was named in honor of the soldiers of the American Revolutionary Warwho died in the Battle of Monmouth; aptly, it is also located in Monmouth County. The first permanent building was built in 1928. Other structures were built to house units the Army consolidated at Fort Monmouth.
In 1928, the first radio-equipped meteorological balloon reached the upper atmosphere, a forerunner of weather sounding techniques universally used today. In 1938, the first U.S. aircraft detection Radio Detection and Ranging (RADAR) was developed on post. This was later the same RADAR that detected the oncoming Japanese air attack on Pearl Harbor, but the warning it provided was discounted. In 1946, celestial communications was proved feasible when the RADAR developed by the Project Diana team was used to bounce electronic signals off the moon.
During the late 20th century, Fort Monmouth was home to the US Army Chaplain Center and School (USACHCS). Enlisted soldiers, Non-Commissioned Officers (NCOs) and Officers training to become Chaplain Assistants and Chaplains were trained at Fort Monmouth.
World War II
Additional property was purchased in 1941 for
Camp Colesnear Red Bank, Camp Charles Woodin Tinton Falls, and Camp Evansin Wall Township. At its peak during World War II, Fort Monmouth measured 1,713 acres (6.9 km²), and had billeting space for 1,559 officers and 19,786 enlisted personnel. More communications units, including the Pigeon Breeding and Training Center, were consolidated into Fort Monmouth after the war ended. The pigeon service was discontinued in 1957; the birds were either sold at auction or donated to zoos.
The Signal Corps Officer Candidate School (OCS) at Fort Monmouth graduated 21,033 new Signal Corps officers during the period 1941-1946.
Julius Rosenberg had worked as a radar inspector at Fort Monmouth in 1942 and 1943. It is from the fort that he was accused and convicted of stealing
proximity fuzeplans and passing them on to the Soviet Union. Documents released by Russia after the Cold Warshowed that Julius Rosenberg was indeed a spy. In October 1953, Joseph McCarthyclaimed that Julius Rosenberg had set up a wartime spy ring at Fort Monmouth and that the ring might still be in operation. Two Fort Monmouth scientists, Joel Barrand Alfred Sarantfled to the Soviet Union. [http://www.infoage.org/mccarthy.html]
Today, Fort Monmouth is home to the CECOM Life Cycle Management Command (CECOM LCMC). CECOM LCMC is a lead command for the Army and DoD in the area of C4ISR development, as well as Information Technology (IT). Though no longer the home of the US Army Signal Corps (after its move to Ft. Gordon, Georgia in the 1970s), Ft. Monmouth is sometimes referred to as the "Soul of the Signal Corps" and houses the official Time Capsule of the Army Signal Corps.
The post is home to the
CECOM Life Cycle Management Command(CECOM LCMC), which consists of the following:
Communications Electronics Command(CECOM), which researches and manages the C4ISR, needs of soldiers and commanders. Sections of CECOM include the Software Engineering Center (SEC); Information Systems Engineering Command (ISEC); Logistics and Readiness Center (LRC); Tobyhanna Army Depot (TYAD); and the Acquisition Center (AC)
United States Army Communications-Electronics Research, Development and Engineering Center(CERDEC) which performs research and develop in all areas of C4ISR, including Night Vision Goggles (NVGs), countermeasure equipment against Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs), Shortstop Electronic Protection Systems (SEPS), and sensor systems to provide soldiers with a safe method for rapidly inspecting wells and underground locations.
* Three subordinate offices of the Army Acquisition Executive (AAE); the Program Executive Office for Command, Control, Communications Tactical (PEO C3T); the Program Executive Office for Intelligence, Electronic Warfare and Sensors (PEO IEW&S); and the Program Executive Office for Enterprise Information Systems (PEO EIS).
Also located on the post are:
* the Joint Interoperability Test Command (JITC), a suborganization of
Defense Information Systems Agencywhich coordinates joint interoperability between the Army, Navy, Marines, Coast Guard, Air Force, Special Operations Forces and Combatant Commands (COCOMs);
United States Military Academy Preparatory School, which trains 250 cadet candidates each year for admittance and entrance as plebes (freshmen) into the United States Military Academyat West Point, NY;
* the 754th Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD) unit, which provides emergency response to state and federal authorities throughout New Jersey, New York, Rhode Island, Connecticut, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Maine and Pennsylvania, and,
Patterson Army Health Clinicwhich serves DoD service members and their families, including those stationed at NWS Earle and USCG Sandy Hook, NJ. It also serves more than 7,000 veterans and their families, in support of the Veterans Administration (VA).
Most of the personnel located on the post are civilians employed by DoD, or employees of companies under contract with the DoD.
Fort Monmouth is also noted for its SunEagles
Golf Course, one of the better DoD golf courses in the nation.
School-aged children residing on post in grades 9 through 12 attend
Monmouth Regional High Schoolin Tinton Falls, part of the Monmouth Regional High School District.
Closure by BRAC
Fort Monmouth was recommended for closure by
the Pentagonin May 2005. BRAC voted in August 2005 to close the post; their decision was upheld by President George Bush and Congress. An appeal headed by U.S. Representatives Frank Palloneand Rush D. Holt, Jr.to remove the post from the list was made to the BRAC commission, but was rejected.
In particular, BRAC recommended:
* Relocate the US Army Military Academy Preparatory School (USMAPS) to West Point, NY.
* Relocate the Joint Network Management System (JNMS) program, part of the Product Management Office for Network Operations - Current Force (PM NetOps-CF) to
Fort Meade, MD.
* Relocate the Budget/Funding, Contracting, Cataloging, Requisition Processing, Customer Services, Item Management, Stock Control, Weapon System Secondary Item Support, Requirements Determination, Integrated Materiel Management Technical Support Inventory Control Point functions for Consumable Items to
Defense Supply Center Columbus, OH, and reestablish them as Defense Logistics Agency Inventory Control Point functions.
* Relocate the procurement management and related support functions for depot level repairables to Aberdeen Proving Ground (APG), MD, and designate them as Inventory Control Point functions, detachment of Defense Supply Center, Columbus, OH, and
* Relocate the remaining integrated materiel management, user, and related support functions to
Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD, along with Information Systems, Sensors, Electronic Warfare, and Electronics Research and Development & Acquisition (RDA).
* Relocate the elements of the Program Executive Office for Enterprise Information Systems (PEO EIS) and consolidate into the existing PEO EIS facilities at
Fort Belvoir, VA.
The DoD estimated the closure of Fort Monmouth would cause the loss of 9,737 jobs (5,272 direct and 4,465 indirect jobs) between 2006 and 2011, leading to a 0.8% increase in unemployment. DoD also calculated the closure and other changes would save it about $1 billion in the long run.
However, in June 2007, an investigation by the "
Asbury Park Press" revealed that the projected cost of closing Fort Monmouth and moving its research functions to Aberdeen, Maryland, had doubled from $780 million to $1.5 billion. Add to that the $3.3 billion loss to New Jersey’s economy coupled with the estimated $16 billion it will cost Maryland for needed infrastructure improvements to accommodate the largest job influx since World War II. [Brown, Keith and Bowman, Bill. [http://www.app.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20070617/NEWS/706170457/1004/NEWS03 "Closing Fort Monmouth: Costs double from $780 million to $1.5 billion"] , " Asbury Park Press", June 17, 2007. Accessed July 14, 2007.] In addition, recent Government Accountability Office (GAO) findings have uncovered substantial errors in the Army estimation of BRAC cost savings-- in one case turning a projected $1 billion savings into a $31 million savings. [Brown, Keith and Bowman, Bill. [http://www.app.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=2007710300346 "More ammo for fort fight"] , " Asbury Park Press", Oct 30, 2007. Accessed Nov 06, 2007.] In light of these issues, the House Armed Services Committee will hold a hearing on the BRAC 2005 legislation.
April 28, 2006, Governor of New Jersey Jon Corzinesigned into law the Fort Monmouth Economic Revitalization Act, which established the Fort Monmouth Revitalization Planning Authority, to plan and manage the redevelopment of Fort Monmouth once it closes.
The authority consists of four state appointees, the head of the state Commerce, Economic Growth and Tourism Commission, the mayors of Eatontown, Oceanport and Tinton Falls, and a representative of the Monmouth County
Board of Chosen Freeholders. The 10th, non-voting member was chosen by Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeldto represent Fort Monmouth. The legislation creating the commission, proposed by State Senators Joseph Kyrillosand Ellen Karcher, received bipartisan support, but only after wrangling in the legislature over its composition and authority.
The authority holds meetings that rotate between the municipal buildings of the three towns whose mayors sit on the board. In July 2006, the authority met for the first time and selected its chairman,
Robert Lucky, a Corzine appointee, who was not supported by the three mayors. In September, the authority hired a real estate development company executive, Frank C. Cosentino, of West Long Branch, to be its executive director.
As mandated by federal law, the authority must advertise for notices of interest from any state, county, municipal or private, non-profit agency which would provide homeless assistance to Monmouth County residents. Notices are due by
March 8, 2007.
Prior to closing the fort, the federal government will be investigating either moving or consolidating the prison at Ft. Dix with Ft. Monmouth due to excessive housing and infrastructure in the Eatontown location
* [http://www.monmouth.army.mil/historian/ U.S. Army Communications-Electronics Life Cycle Management Command/ Fort Monmouth Historical Office website]
* [http://www.monmouth.army.mil/C4ISR/ Fort Monmouth website]
* [http://www.monmouth.army.mil/C4ISR/BracRec.htm Information BRAC]
* [http://www.app.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/99999999/NEWS/50513011&template=theme&theme=BRAC|Battle for Fort Monmouth, a series of articles on the closing of Fort Monmouth by BRAC and the unsuccessful attempt to keep it open] , published in the "
Asbury Park Press", accessed October 15, 2006
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