- Stephen, Duke of Slavonia
Stephen, Duke of Slavonia (
26 December, 1332- 9 August, 1354) was a Prince of the Kingdom of Hungary. He was governor of Transylvania, Slavonia, Dalmatiaand Croatia. [ [http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/HUNGARY.htm#Istvandied1354 Profile of Stephen in "Medieval Lands" by Charles Cawley] ]
He was the youngest of five sons born to
Charles I of Hungaryand his third wife Elizabeth of Poland. He was a younger brother of both Louis I of Hungaryand Andrew, Duke of Calabria, first consort of Joan I of Naples.
Their paternal grandparents were
Charles Martel of Anjouand Clementia of Habsburg. Their maternal grandparents were Władysław I the Elbow-highand Jadwiga of Greater Poland. [ [http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/POLAND.htm#WladyslawIdied1333 Profile of Władysław in "Medieval Lands" by Charles Cawley] ]
Clementia was a daughter of
Rudolph I of Germanyand Gertrude of Hohenburg. Jadwiga was a daughter of Boleslaus of Greater Polandand Jolenta of Hungary.
Stephen established his own court in 1349, initially as ruler of Szepes and Sáros. He was then established as ruler of
Transylvania. He was named ruler of Croatia and Dalmatiain 1351. He became Duke of Slavoniain 1353. [ [http://mek.oszk.hu/01900/01949/html/index6.html "Knight Kings:The Anjou and Sigismund Age in Hungary (1301 - 1347)"] ]
He died a year later. His son was initially allowed to succeed to his realms. However the separate government of their realms was abolished in 1356. [ [http://mek.oszk.hu/01900/01949/html/index6.html "Knight Kings:The Anjou and Sigismund Age in Hungary (1301 - 1347)"] ] The oldest part of Buda Castle in
Budapestwas established by Stephen. Only the foundations remained of that Stephen's Tower (Hungarian: "István-torony").
Marriage and children
In January, 1350, Stephen married Margarete of Bavaria. She was a daughter of
Louis IV, Holy Roman Emperorand Margaret II, Countess of Hainault. [ [http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/BAVARIA.htm#Margaretadied1374 Profile of Margarete in "Medieval Lands" by Charles Cawley] ] They had two children:
Elisabeth of Slavonia(1352 - before 1380). Married Philip II of Taranto.
* Jan of Slavonia (1354 - 1363). Designated
heir presumptiveto his granduncle Casimir III of Polandon 24 June, 1355. Predeceased his uncle.
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