Costard is a comic figure in the play Love's Labour's Lost by William Shakespeare. A country bumpkin, he is arrested in the first scene for flouting the king's proclamation that all men of the court avoid the company of women for a year. While in custody, the men of the court use him to further their own romantic endeavors. By sending love notes to the wrong women and blurting out secrets (including that of an unplanned pregnancy), Costard makes fools of the royal court. Along with Moth the page and Jaquenetta, a country wench, Costard pokes fun at the upper-class. While mocking a pedantic schoolmaster, Costard uses the word honorificabilitudinitatibus, the longest word by far from any of Shakespeare's works.
He makes many clever puns, and is used as a tool by Shakespeare to explain new words such as remuneration. He is sometimes considered one of the smartest characters in the play due to his wit and wordplay.
Costard is also noted in Vikas Swarup's novel Q & A (on which the film Slumdog Millionaire is based). In the twelfth question, the hero, Ram Mohammad Thomas is asked to name which play Costard appears in. He doesn't know, and uses a lifeline to call an English teacher to whom he had recently given all his money so that the teacher, Utpal Cahetterjee, could buy rabies medication for his sick son. Chatterjee is not sure, but hazards a guess of Love's Labour's Lost. Of course, he is right.
- ^ "Brewer, E. Cobham. Dictionary of Phrase & Fable". http://www.bartleby.com/81/4180.html. Retrieved 2007-01-13.
- ^ "William Shakespeare: Richard III, Act I, Scene IV — Infoplease.com". http://www.infoplease.com/t/lit/shakespeare-plays/richardIII-act1-4.html. Retrieved 2007-01-13.
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