- Joseph Losey
Joseph Losey (
January 14, 1909in La Crosse, Wisconsin– June 22, 1984in London) was an American theater and film director. After studying in Germanywith Bertolt Brecht, Losey returned to the United States, eventually making his way to Hollywood.
While in Hollywood, Losey co-directed the original U.S. production of "Galileo," by Brecht, with Brecht himself as the other co-director.
Charles Laughton, who had worked with Brecht on the translation / adaptation, performed the lead role. In the context of that production, Losey also made a half hour film based on Galileo.
During the McCarthy Era, Losey was investigated for his supposed ties with the
Communist Partyand was blacklisted by the Hollywood movie studiobosses. His career in shambles, he moved to London, where he continued working as a director.
Even in the UK, he experienced problems: his first British film, "
The Sleeping Tiger", a 1954 film noircrime thriller, bore the pseudonym Victor Hanbury, rather than his own name, in the credits as director, as the stars of the film, Alexis Smithand Alexander Knox, feared being blacklisted in Hollywooddue to working on a film he directed. He was also originally slated to direct the 1956 Hammer Filmsproduction " X the Unknown"; however, after a few days work on the project, star Dean Jaggerrefused to work with a supposed Communistsympathiser and Losey was moved off the project.
Collaboration with Harold Pinter
In the 1960s Losey entered a productive partnership with dramatist and screenwriter,
Harold Pinter. The two collaborated on three films together: "The Servant" (1963), "Accident" (1967) and "The Go-Between" (1970). All three were highly acclaimed and were nominated for prestigious awards. "The Go-Between" won the Golden Palm Award at the 1971 Cannes Film Festival. Pinter also wrote an adaptation of Proustfor Losey, but the money was never found to film this.
Each of the films examined aspects of the British
class systemin their reflection of the master-servant relationship (as in "The Servant") and the illicit affairbetween the Julie Christie ( upper class) and Alan Bates(lower middle class) characters in "The Go-Between", while, in "Accident", the worldof Oxforddons and their extra marital relationships exposes degrees of hypocrisy amongst the education middle class.
Pinter's ability to pare down the levels of meaning in his dialogue, reducing much of the chacters' lines to what appears to be surface mundane chit-chat, all of which is amplified and expanded upon by Losey's images to create an element of ambiguity, are part of the success of these films of that era.
In 1975, Losey realized a long-planned adaptation of "Galileo (aka
Life of Galileo)" by Brecht. "Galileo" was produced for television and financed in part by the American Film Theatre, though it was shot in England.In 1979 Losey directed a film of Mozart's opera " Don Giovanni", shot in Villa La Rotondaand the Venetoregion of Italy: this film was nominated for several César Awardsin 1980 including Best Director.
Losey married three times. From 1956 to 1963 he was married to British actress
Dorothy Bromiley; they had a son, Joshua Losey, an actor. He had a son, Gavrik Losey, with the fashion designer/author Elizabeth Hawes. Gavrik helped out with the production on some of his father's films. Losey then married Patricia, who adapted Lorenzo Da Ponte's libretto for "Don Giovanni", and Nell Dunn's play "Steaming". They remained married until his death.
Filmography as director
Pete Roleum and His Cousins" (1939)
Youth Gets a Break" (1941)
A Child Went Forth" (1941)
A Gun in His Hand" (1945)
Leben des Galilei" (1947)
The Boy with Green Hair" (1948)
The Lawless" (1950)
* "The Prowler" (1951)
* "M" (1951)
The Big Night" (1951)
Imbarco a mezzanotte" (1951)
The Sleeping Tiger" (1954)
A Man on the Beach" (1955)
The Intimate Stranger" (1956)
Time Without Pity" (1957)
The Gypsy and the Gentleman" (1958)
* "Blind Date" (1959)
First on the Road" (1959)
The Criminal" (1960)
* " Eva" (1962)
* "The Damned" (1963)
* "The Servant" (1963)
King & Country" (1964)
* "Modesty Blaise" (1966)
* "Accident" (1967)
Secret Ceremony" (1968)
* "Boom!" (1968)
* "Figures in a Landscape" (1970)
* "The Go-Between" (1970)
The Assassination of Trotsky" (1972)
* "A Doll's House" (1973)
The Romantic Englishwoman" (1975)
* "Galileo" (1975)
Monsieur Klein" (1976)
Les Routes du sud" (1978)
* "Don Giovanni" (1979)
La Truite" (1982)
* "Steaming" (1985)
* Michel Ciment, "Le Livre de Losey. Entretiens avec le cinéaste", Paris, Stock/Cinéma, 1979, 465 p.
* Michel Ciment, "Joseph Losey: l'oeil du Maître", Institut Lumière/Actes Sud, 1994, 360 p.
* Penelope Houston, "Losey's Paper Handkerchief", "Sight and Sound", Summer 1966, pp. 142–143.
* Gilles Jacob, "Joseph Losey, or The Camera Calls", "Sight and Sound", Spring 1966, pp. 62–67.
* [http://www.sensesofcinema.com/contents/directors/03/losey.html Senses of Cinema: Great Directors Critical Database]
* [http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0521334 Joseph Losey]
*Screenonline name|id=451136|name=Joseph Losey
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Joseph Losey — Données clés Nom de naissance Joseph Losey Naissance 14 janvier 1909 La Crosse, Wisconsin (États Unis) Nationalité … Wikipédia en Français
Joseph Losey — (* 14. Januar 1909 in La Crosse, Wisconsin; † 22. Juni 1984 in London) war ein US amerikanischer Regisseur. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Filmographie (Auswahl) 3 … Deutsch Wikipedia
Joseph Losey — (La Crosse, Wisconsin, 14 de enero de 1909 Londres, 22 de junio de 1984) fue un director de cine estadounidense. Procedente de una importante familia, estudia en un principio medicina para posteriormente abandonar dicha carrera y estudiar la de… … Wikipedia Español
Joseph Losey — … Википедия
Maison de poupée (film de Joseph Losey, 1973) — Maison de poupée Données clés Titre original A Doll s House Réalisation Joseph Losey Scénario David Mercer Henrik Ibsen (pièce) Acteurs principaux Jane Fonda Edward Fox Trevor How … Wikipédia en Français
Losey — Joseph Losey Joseph Losey Nom de naissance Joseph Losey Naissance 14 janvier 1909 La Crosse, Wisconsin (États Unis) Nationalité(s) … Wikipédia en Français
Losey — Joseph Losey (* 14. Januar 1909 in La Crosse, Wisconsin; † 22. Juni 1984 in London) war ein US amerikanischer Regisseur. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Filmographie (Auswahl) 3 … Deutsch Wikipedia
LOSEY (J.) — Losey n’a pas choisi d’être aujourd’hui l’un des très rares, sinon le premier, metteurs en scène réellement cosmopolites. Si sa biographie peut expliquer sa carrière, elle ne saurait rendre compte à elle seule de sa probité artistique et de sa… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Losey, Joseph — • ЛО УЗИ, Лози (Losey) Джозеф (14.1.1909 22.6.1984) англо амер. режиссёр. Изучал медицину и лит ру в Гарварде, играл в любит. труппе. С 1930 выступал как критик в Нью Йорке, работал в т ре. В 1939 45 снял в США неск. к/м и док. фильмов. В… … Кино: Энциклопедический словарь
Losey, Joseph — b. 1909, La Crosse, Wisconsin (USA); d. 1984 Film maker The son of an American lawyer, Joseph Losey abandoned a medical career for the stage, where his successful direction of Brecht’s Galileo, Galilei brought him an offer from RKO to… … Encyclopedia of contemporary British culture