- Stomach disease
MeshID = D013272
Gastropathy is a general term used for
Examples including the name include:
Portal hypertensive gastropathy
Ménétrier's disease, also known as "hyperplastic hypersecretory gastropathy"
However, there are many other stomach diseases that don't include the word "gastropathy".
Many stomach diseases are associated with infection. Historically, it was widely believed that the highly acidic environment of the stomach would keep the stomach immune from
infection. However, a large number of studies have indicated that most cases of stomach ulcers, gastritis, and stomach cancerare caused by " Helicobacter pylori" infection. One of the ways it is able to survive in the stomach involves its ureaseenzymes which metabolize urea(which is normally secreted into the stomach) to ammoniaand carbon dioxidewhich neutralizes gastric acid and thus prevents its digestion. In recent years, it has been discovered that other " Helicobacter" bacteria are also capable of colonizing the stomach and have been associated with gastritis.
Having too little or no gastric acid is known as
hypochlorhydriaor achlorhydriarespectively and are conditions which can have negative health impacts. Having high levels of gastric acid is called hyperchlorhydria. Many people believe that hyperchlorhydria can cause stomach ulcers. However, recent research indicates that the gastric mucosa which secretes gastric acid is acid-resistant.
Diseases of the stomach include:
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