infobox UK place
country = England
static_image_caption=High Street looking East
population = 12,739 (2001 census)
region= South East England
constituency_westminster= Surrey Heath
Camberley|postcode_district = GU16
postcode_area= GU |dial_code= 01276, 01252
Frimley is a small English town situated 2 miles (3 km) south of
Camberley, in the extreme west of Surrey, adjacent to the border with Hampshire. It is about 31 miles (50 km) west south-west of London. It is part of the urban district Frimley and Camberley. The town is connected to the M3 motorwayby the Blackwater Valley Road and the Frimley bypass. Frimley Greenis a neighbouring village which has hosted the British Darts Organisation’s (BDO) World Professional Darts Championshipsince 1986 each January.
The name "Frimley" is derived from the Saxon name "Fremma's Lea", which means "Fremma's clearing". The land was owned by
Chertsey Abbeyfrom 673 to 1537 and was a farming village.cite web | title=History of Surrey Heath | author=Surrey Heath Borough Council | work=surreyheath.gov.uk | url=http://www.surreyheath.gov.uk/tourism/AboutSurreyHeath/heritage.htm | year=2005 | accessdate=2006-05-19] More recently it was a coach stop on the main London to Portsmouth road for about four hundred years.
Frimley was not listed in
Domesday Bookof 1086, but is shown on the map as "Fremely", its spelling in 933AD. [cite web|url=http://www.gwp.enta.net/surrnames.htm Surrey Domesday Book|title=Domesday Sudrie (Surrey) - The Domesday entries for and the meanings of the Domesday place-names appearing on the Surrey historical map|work=Domesday Collection|author=John Garnons Williams|year=2000-09-10|accessdate=2007-08-26]
lunatic asylumwas opened in 1799; it catered for both male and female patients, and received four patients from Great Fosters. Magistrates visited in 1807 and ordered the proprietors to stop chaining the patients.cite web | title=Part of the Asylums Index: South East England | work=The Lunacy Commission, a study of its origin, emergence and character | url=http://www.mdx.ac.uk/WWW/STUDY/4Asylums.htm | year=2002 | author=Andrew Roberts | accessdate=2006-05-20]
An 1811 inventory from Frimley
Workhousecan be seen on the [http://www.surreycc.gov.uk/sccwebsite/sccwspublications.nsf/591f7dda55aad72a80256c670041a50d/486a29965909cd9880256fb700571466/$FILE/Inventory%20from%20Frimley%20Workhouse%201811.pdf Surrey County Council website] .
The present St. Peter's Church was built in 1837 replacing earlier buildings. The building has a balcony running around three sides of the interior.
Ethel Smythonce preached from the pulpit.cite web | title=St Peter's Church | work=The Parish of Frimley | author=The Parish Office | url=http://www.frimleyparish.org.uk/stpeters.htm | accessdate=2006-05-20]
In 1904, the Brompton Hospital
Sanatoriumwas established in Frimley to treat tuberculosispatients; it closed in 1985. Dr Marcus Sinclair Paterson (1870-1932) was the first medical superintendent, and he developed a system of treatment called 'graduated labour' which generated a lot of interest from other health professionals. The treatment used controlled levels of physical activity.cite web | title=National Heart and Lung Institute | work=AIM25: Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine | url=http://www.aim25.ac.uk/cgi-bin/search2?coll_id=2784&inst_id=3 | year=2001 | author=Julie Tancell | accessdate=2006-05-20]
In 1959 the Cadet Training Centre at Frimley Park was formed following the 1957 publication of the Amery Report.cite web | title=History | work=Sussex Army Cadet Force | url=http://www.sussexacf.demon.co.uk/history.htm | year=2003 | accessdate=2006-05-20]
The main shopping street includes a branch of
Waitroseand some smaller shops, several restaurants, banks, charity shops, a post office, a number of estate agents, solicitors, opticians, betting shops, an insurance broker and a public housecalled The Railway Arms. A second public house, the White Hart, has now been closed for some time and is starting to fall into disrepair. Frimley Park Hospitalis situated in the town. One of the major employers in the town is BAE SystemsIntegrated System Technologies, which occupies a new building in Lyon Way.
Frimley railway stationprovides access to Guildford, Ascot and London Waterloo. Frimley Lodge Park Railwayis also nearby.
Frimley Town Football Club was formed over 100 years ago. It runs four teams, and the first team competes in the Senior Division of the Aldershot & District Football League. The club is based at Chobham Road recreation ground.cite web | title=Frimley Town FC - 2005/06 | work=Web-Teams | url=http://www.web-teams.co.uk/Home.asp?team=frimleytownfc | year=2006 | author=Pete Bass | accessdate=2006-05-20]
James Cobbett, famous cricketerand considered by many as the finest all-rounderof his day, was born in Frimley on January 12, 1804. cite web | title=Cricinfo - Players and Officials - James Cobbett | work=cricinfoengland | url=http://content-usa.cricinfo.com/england/content/player/11195.html | year=2006 | accessdate=2006-05-19]
*Frimley Park Hospital was the birth place in 1979 of
Jonny Wilkinson, a fly-half for England Rugby Unionand one of the most famous players in international professional rugbycite web | title=Jonny Wilkinson: A Who2 Profile | work=WHO2? | url=http://www.who2.com/jonnywilkinson.html | year=2006 | accessdate=2006-05-19] and Lady Louise Windsorin 2003.
*Jonny Wilkinson's England team-mate
Toby Floodwas born in Frimleycite web|url=http://www.bbc.co.uk/tyne/content/articles/2006/09/14/toby_flood_feature.shtml|title=The Toby Flood interview|work=BBC Tyne|year=2006|accessdate=2008-01-14] in 1985.
*Christopher Charles Benham (cricketer) was born in Frimley on 24 March 1983. He currently plays county cricket for Hampshire.cite web|url=http://content-www.cricinfo.com/countycricket2008/content/player/10309.html|title=Chris Benham, England|work=Cricinfo - County Cricket 2008|year=2008|accessdate=2008-10-11] He is a popular cricketer after numerous spectacular innings on SkySports. There is a verb named after him - to Benham: do something christopher charles would be proud of.
Dame Ethel Smyth, English composer and suffragettegrew up in Frimley. Her family moved to the town in 1867 when her father was given command of the Royal Artilleryat Aldershot. cite web | title=Ethel Smyth (1858-1944) | work=Literary Encyclopedia | url=http://www.litencyc.com/php/speople.php?rec=true&UID=4135 | year=2004 | accessdate=2006-05-19] Daphne du Maurierwrote most of her fourth novel, Jamaica Inn, in 1935 in Frimley where her soldier husband Frederick Browningwas based. cite web | title=Review of Jamaica Inn | work=Daphne du Maurier Book Reviews | url=http://www.dumaurier.org/reviews-jamaica.html | year=2002 | author=Ann Willmore | accessdate=2006-05-24]
Notable people buried in the churchyard of St. Peter's Church, Frimley include:
John Frederick Lewis(d. 1876), a British 19th-century painter
Bret Harte(d. 1902), the American author cite web | title=Bret Harte - Biography and Works | work=The Literature Network | url=http://www.online-literature.com/bret-harte/ | year=2006 | accessdate=2006-05-19]
William George Cubitt(d. 1903), who won the Victoria Crossin the Indian Mutinyfor saving three men's lives at the risk of his own during the retreat from Chinhut
Charles Wellington Furse(d. 1904) a British 19th-century painter
*Sir Doveton Sturdee (d. 1925) a British
admiralwho decisively defeated the German squadron under Graf Maximilian von Speeat the Battle of the Falkland Islandsin 1914, for which he was made a baronet
In one of the "
Just William" books by Richmal Crompton, William visits an aunt in Frimley for a few days. cite web|title=Comments|work=mad musings of me|url=http://www.madmusingsof.me.uk/archives/google.php|author=Gert|year=2003|accessdate=2007-02-18] Charles Kingsleyrefers to "a series of Letters on the Frimley murder" in his " Alton Locke, Tailor And Poet" cite web | title=Alton Locke, Tailor And Poet by Rev. Charles Kingsley et al - Full Text Free Book (Part 1/10) | work=Fullbooks | url=http://www.fullbooks.com/Alton-Locke-Tailor-And-Poet1.html | accessdate=2006-05-23]
There is a brief mention of Frimley in
Stephen King's " Nightmares & Dreamscapes" in the short story " Crouch End". It reads: 'He did indeed move into council housing, a two-above-the-shops in Frimley'.
In "The Reminiscences of Sir Henry Hawkins (Baron Brampton)", chapter 18 tells of the trial of a bricklayer who, in a prize fight on Frimley Common, unfortunately killed his opponent. He appeared in court dressed as a young clergyman and was found innocent of the manslaughter charge because of doubts over his identity.cite book |last=Brampton|first=Henry Hawkins |editor=Richard Harris, K.C.|title=The Reminiscences Of Sir Henry Hawkins (Baron Brampton)|origdate=1904-08-17|url=http://www.gutenberg.org/files/10392/10392.txt|accessdate=2008-10-11|chapter=XVIII. The Prize-Fight on Frimley Common]
* [http://www.frimleypark.nhs.uk/ Frimley Park Hospital]
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