- Operation Bürkl
Operation Bürkl Part of Occupation of Poland (1939–1945) Date September 7, 1943 Location Warsaw, occupied Poland Result Polish resistance victory
Execution of 20 prisoners
Belligerents Directorate of Sabotage and Diversion of the AK SS Commanders and leaders Jerzy Zborowski Franz Bürkl † Strength 5 Unknown Casualties and losses None 8 killed
Operation Bürkl (operacja Bürkl), or the special combat action Bürkl (specjalna akcja bojowa Bürkl), was an operation by the Polish resistance conducted on September 7, 1943. It was the second action of Operation Heads, a series of assassinations of notorious SS officers in Warsaw carried out by the Kedyw's special group Agat ("Anti-Gestapo") between 1943 and 1944, and their first success.
The goal of the operation was to "liquidate" Franz Bürkl, a notorious Sicherheitspolizei officer who had been sentenced to death by the Polish Special Courts for the murder of at least several dozen people. Bürkl was ambushed in broad daylight on the city's main Marszałkowska Street by a group of five young AK fighters armed with Sten submachine guns and Filipinka hand grenades. The assassins, led by 21-year-old Jerzy Zborowski, were recruited for Agat from the underground scouting organization Szare Szeregi. Bürkl and seven other German policemen were killed in the 90-second shoot-out. While the operation resulted in no losses for the resistance, the Nazis killed 20 inmates of Pawiak in a public execution in reprisal.
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