- Amleto Giovanni Cicognani
cardinal name=Amleto Cicognani
See=Frascati (suburbicarian), Ostia (suburbicarian)
Amleto Giovanni Cicognani (
February 24 1883— December 17 1973) was an Italian Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. He served as Vatican Secretary of State from 1961 to 1969, and Dean of the College of Cardinalsfrom 1972 until his death. Cicognani was elevated to the cardinalate in 1958.
Amleto Cicognani was born in
Brisighella, near Faenza, as the youngest of the two children of Guglielmo and Anna (née Ceroni) Cicognani. His widowed mother ran a general storeto support him and his brother, Gaetano [Time Magazine. [http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,895661,00.html The Vatican's No. 2] August 25 1961] . After studying at the seminaryin Faenza, he was ordained a priest on September 23 1905by Bishop Gioacchino Cantagalli. Cicognani continued his studies at the Pontifical Roman Athenaeum "S. Apollinare", and in 1910 he was appointed an officialof the Sacred Congregation for the Discipline of the Sacraments. First raised to the rank of Monsignorin 1917, he taught at his alma materof the Athenaeum "S. Apollinare" from 1921 to 1932, and then entered the Roman Curia, as substitute adjunct of the Consistorial, on December 16 1922.
After holding a variety of pastoral and curial positions, Cicognani was appointed Apostolic Delegate to the United States and Titular Archbishop of "Laodicea in Phrygia" on
March 17, 1933. He received his episcopal consecration on the following April 23from Cardinal Raffaele Rossi, with Archbishops Giuseppe Pizzardoand Carlo Salottiserving as co-consecrators, in the Roman church of Santa Susanna. Cicognani would remain Apostolic Delegate to the United States, serving as liaison between the American hierarchy and the Vatican, for the next 25 years.
He was created Cardinal Priest of "S. Clemente" by
Pope John XXIIIin the consistoryof December 15 1958. Cardinal Cicognani was later raised to Cardinal Bishop of Frascati on May 23, 1962. His elevation to the College of Cardinalsis extraordinary in the fact that his brother Gaetano was also a cardinal, having been elevated in 1953, and an exception had to be made to the Church law prohibiting brothers from simultaneously being in the College together.
November 14 1959, Cicognani became Secretary of the Congregation for Oriental Churches. He was later named to the posts of Cardinal Secretary of State, President of the Pontifical Commission for Vatican City State, and President of the Administration of the Patrimony of the Apostolic Seeon August 12 1961[Ibid.] [Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church. [http://www.fiu.edu/~mirandas/bios-c.htm#Cicognani Cicognani, Amleto Giovanni] ] . With the appointments of 1962, Cicognani essentially became the foreign minister, prime minister, and interior ministerof the Vatican.
He attended the
Second Vatican Council(1962-1965), at which he served as Chairman of the Secretariat for Extraordinary Questions [Time Magazine. [http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,874481-1,00.html The Council's Prospects] September 14, 1962] . Cicognani was also one of the cardinal electors who participated in the 1963 papal conclave, which selected Pope Paul VI.
April 30 1969, Cicognani resigned all of his posts. However, on March 24, 1972, he was elected and confirmed as Dean of the College of Cardinalsand thus received the title of the suburbicarian see of Ostia, in addition to his title of Cardinal Bishop of Frascati.
Cicognani died in
Rome, following a brief illness, at age 90 [Time Magazine. [http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,910944,00.html Recent Events] December 31, 1973] . He is buried in the Basilica di San Clemente.
[http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,839400,00.html Less Ecumenism, Please]
March 12 1965] , and was once described as not being open to renewal [Time Magazine. [http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,843902-2,00.html The Fine Papal Art Of Creating New Cardinals] June 9 1967] .
* [http://www.catholic-hierarchy.org/bishop/bcicognani.html Catholic-Hierarchy]
* [http://www.fiu.edu/~mirandas/bios-c.htm Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church]
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