Ivan Stephen of Bulgaria


Ivan Stephen of Bulgaria

Infobox Monarch | name =Ivan Stefan
title =Tsar (Emperor) of Bulgaria


caption =
reign =1330-1331
coronation =
predecessor =Michael Shishman
successor =Ivan Alexander
consort =
issue =
father =Michael Shishman
mother =Anna Neda
date of birth =
place of birth =
date of death =
place of death =
buried =|

Ivan Stefan ( _bg. Иван Стефан; in English also "John Stephen") ruled as emperor (tsar) of Bulgaria from 1330 to 1331. The date of his birth is unknown, and he died in exile after 1343.

Ivan Stefan was the son of Michael Asen III (called "Michael Shishman") and Anna Neda of Serbia, a daughter of King Stefan Uroš II Milutin of Serbia. After his father's accession to the Bulgarian throne in 1323, Ivan Stefan was associated as co-emperor. However, when Michael Asen III divorced Anna (Neda) to marry Theodora Palaiologina, the daughter of Emperor Michael IX Palaiologos, in 1324, Ivan Stefan went into exile in Serbia with his mother and brothers. The death of Michael Asen III in 1330 in the battle of Velbăžd (Kjustendil) was followed by a brief attempt of Ivan Stefan's uncle, the Serbian King Stefan Uroš III Dečanski to conquer Bulgaria. Meeting determined resistance, the king insisted that the Bulgarian nobility accept his nephew Ivan Stefan instead, and Ivan Stefan was installed as Bulgarian emperor in 1330.

Although Ivan Stefan was not a minor at the time of his accession, he seems to have been dominated by his mother Anna (Neda). The new regime was faced by an immediate crisis, brought on not so much by the Serbian victory at Velbăžd, as by the change in relations with the Byzantine Empire. With his sister Theodora Palaiologina and her sons chased out of Tărnovo, Emperor Andronikos III Palaiologos advanced into Bulgaria, and easily occupied the cities of Bulgarian Thrace by 1331. The discontent at the failure of the new government to forestall these losses, helped the opposition hatch a coup d'etat, and Ivan Stefan was forced to flee Tărnovo together with his mother and brothers. The conspirators placed his cousin Ivan Alexander on the throne.

Ivan Stefan and his mother fled to Serbia, but after the conclusion of an alliance between Serbia and the new emperor of Bulgaria in 1332 they moved to Dubrovnik. Anna (Neda) intrigued for restoration throughout the 1330s, but the revolt in her son's favor was crushed by 1337. Ivan Stefan died after 1343, and may have married an illegitimate daughter of the prince of Taranto. His brother Shishman (Šišman) sought support from the Mongols and from the Byzantine Empire, but his efforts also came to nothing.

References

* John V.A. Fine, Jr., "The Late Medieval Balkans, A Critical Survey from the Late Twelfth Century to the Ottoman Conquest", Ann Arbor (1987)

External links

* [http://sitemaker.umich.edu/mladjov/files/bulgarian_rulers.pdf Detailed List of Bulgarian Rulers]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Stephen — Infobox Given name 2 origin = Greek gender = Male meaning = CrownStephen, or Steven (pronounced IPAlink en|ˈstiːvən) is an English masculine first name, derived from the Greek name Στεφανος (Stephanos) meaning crown . Saint Stephen was a deacon… …   Wikipedia

  • Stephen Uroš IV Dušan of Serbia — Stephen Uroš IV Dušan the Mighty Uroš IV Nemanjić Стефан Урош IV Душан Силни King of all Serbian and Maritime Lands Reign …   Wikipedia

  • Ivan (name) — Infobox Given Name Revised name = Ivan imagesize= caption= pronunciation= gender = Male meaning = region = origin = Slavic related names = John footnotes = Ivan (Bulgarian, Russian, Macedonian: Иван, Serbian: Иван, uk. Iван) is a Christian male… …   Wikipedia

  • Stephen II of Bosnia — Infobox Emperor name =Stefan II title =Herceg of Bosnia caption =Death of Stephen II Kotromanić, detail from St. Šimun s church, Zadar. reign =1322 1353 coronation = predecessor =Stephen I Kotroman successor =Vladislav of Kotroman, Stefan Tvrtko… …   Wikipedia

  • Michael Shishman of Bulgaria — Michael III Shishman Tsar (Emperor) of Bulgaria Silver coin o …   Wikipedia

  • Samuel of Bulgaria — Samuil redirects here. For the village and municipality in Bulgaria, see Samuil (village). For the Brythonic king ( Samuil of the Britons ), see Sawyl Penuchel. For the Hungarian king, see Samuel Aba. Samuel (Samuil) Tsar (Emperor) of Bulgaria …   Wikipedia

  • Ferdinand I of Bulgaria — Ferdinand Tsar of Bulgaria Reign 7 July 1887 – 3 October 1918 ( 1000000000000003100000031 years, 1000000000000008800000088 days) Pred …   Wikipedia

  • Constantine Tikh of Bulgaria — Constantine Tikh Tsar of Bulgaria Reign 1257–1277 Predecessor …   Wikipedia

  • Dorothea of Bulgaria — Queen consort of Bosnia Tenure 1377 – c. 1390 Spouse Tvrtko I of Bosnia House House of Kotromanić Shishman Father …   Wikipedia

  • Omurtag of Bulgaria — Omurtag redirects here. For the town, see Omurtag (town). Omurtag Kanasubigi of Bulgaria Reign 814–831 Predecessor …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.