Accidentalism is a term with several meanings.
philosophy, it is used for any systemof thoughtwhich denies the causal nexusand maintains that events succeed one another haphazardly or by chance (not in the mathematical but in the popular sense). In metaphysics, accidentalism denies the doctrine that everything occurs or results from a definite cause. In this connection it is synonymous with Tychism(ruxi, chance), a term used by Charles Sanders Peircefor the theories which make chance an objective factor in the process of the Universe.
religionit refers to the theory that Jesus did not intend to be crucified, and was surprised at that outcome. [http://www.1911encyclopedia.org/Accidentalism Encyclopedia Britannica]
ethicsthe term is used, like indeterminism, to denotethe theorythat mental changecannot always be ascribed to previously ascertained psychologicalstates, and that volition is not causally related to the motives involved. An example of this theory is the doctrine of the "liberum arbitrium indifferentiae" ("liberty of indifference"), according to which the choice of two or more alternative possibilities is affected neither by contemporaneous dataof an ethical or prudential kind nor by crystallized habit (character).
Opponents of accidentalism maintain that what seems to be the result of chance is in
realitydue to a cause or causes which, owing to the lack of imagination, knowledge, or scientificinstruments, we are unable to detect.
painting, the term accidentalism is used for the effect produced by accidental lights ( John Ruskin, "Modern Painters", I. n. 4, iii. 4, 287).
medicine, it stands for the hypothesis that diseaseis only an accidental modification of the healthy condition, and can, therefore, be avoided by modifying external conditions.
music, the term Accidentalism refers to a style which finds its roots in IDM, Glitchand Breakcore. Its main characteristic is the use of randomization and chaos theory to control aspects of certain sounds and effects parameters and even the melodic and harmonic structure of the work, resulting in a produced yet unique sound in each performance. As a musical term, Accidentalism was coined by Electronic musician/Multi-media artist, Computo.
* In the history and
politics of Spain, Accidentalism refers to the position of the Spanish Confederation of the Autonomous Right(CEDA) regarding the Second Spanish Republic- that CEDA did not endorse the constitutional arrangements of the Republic but they did accept them, allowing then to participate in the institutions of the Republic whilst attracting support from monarchists.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Accidentalism — Ac ci*den tal*ism, n. Accidental character or effect. Ruskin. [1913 Webster] … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
Accidentalism — any system of thought which denies the causal nexus and maintains that events succeed one another haphazardly or by chance (not in the mathematical but in the popular sense). In metaphysics, accidentalism denies the doctrine that everything… … Mini philosophy glossary
accidentalism — accidentalist, n., adj. /ak si den tl iz euhm/, n. 1. a system of medicine based on the symptoms of a disease, disregarding its origin or cause. 2. Philos. any theory holding that some events have no causes. [1850 55; ACCIDENTAL + ISM] * * * … Universalium
accidentalism — noun a) Accidental character or effect. b) The belief that outward appearance often contrasts with substance or essence (after Thomas Aquinas) … Wiktionary
accidentalism — Theory that the flow of events is unpredictable, or for Epicureans, that mental events are specifically unpredictable. See also chaos, determinism, libertarianism, tychism … Philosophy dictionary
accidentalism — theory that events do not have causes Philosophical Isms … Phrontistery dictionary
accidentalism — ac·ci·den·tal·ism … English syllables
accidentalism — ˌ ̷ ̷ ̷ ̷ˈ ̷ ̷ ̷ ̷ˌizəm noun ( s) : a theory in philosophy: events can or do occur without cause compare indeterminism, tychism … Useful english dictionary
accidental — accidentalism … Philosophy dictionary
Kamagurka — Kamagurka, aka Luc Zeebroek, (Nieuwpoort, Belgium, 5 May 1956) is a Belgian cartoonist, playwright and television producer, known for the absurd nature of his work. He has a big variety of comic figures, but Bert en Bobje are the most well known … Wikipedia