- Palamedes (Arthurian legend)
Palamedes, (also called Palamede, Palomides or some other variant) was a Knight of the Round Table in
Arthurian legend. He was a Saracenpagan who converted to Christianitylater in his life, and his unrequited love for Iseultbrought him into frequent conflict with Tristan. Palamedes' father was King Esclabor; his brothers Safirand Segwaridesalso join the Round Table.
Palamedes first appears in the "
Prose Tristan", an early 13th centuryprose expansion of the Tristan and Iseult legend. He is introduced as a knight fighting for Iseult's hand at a tournament in Ireland; he ultimately loses to Tristan, to the delight of the princess. Tristan spares him but forbids him to bear arms for a year or to pursue Iseult's love ever again. After Iseult's wedding to King Mark, Palamedes rescues Iseult's servant Brangaine, joins the Round Table and engages in a number of duels with Tristan that are usually postponed or end without a clear winner. They eventually reconcile, but share a love-hate relationship through the rest of the narrative.
Palamedes also appears in the
Post-Vulgate Cycle, Thomas Malory's " Le Morte d'Arthur", and even gave his name to his own romance, the "Palamedes". The "Palamedes" exists in fragments and as part of the vast "Compilation" of Rusticiano da Pisa, and details the adventures of two generations of Arthurian heroes. Some stories reveal Palamedes' background: his father was a king of Babylonwho is sent to Romewhere he saves the life of the Emperor; he then travels to Britain where he rescues and befriends King Pellinore. Many tales also have Palamedes as the hunter of the Questing Beast, an abomination only the chosen can kill. The hunt is as frustuating and fruitless as the pursuit of Iseult, and in most versions remains uncompleted. However, in the Post-Vulgate Palamedes' conversion to Christianity during the Grail Quest allows him release from his worldly entanglements, and Percivaland Galahadhelp him trap the beast in a lake, where he finally slays it. Malory has Palamedes and Safir joining Lancelotafter the great knight's affair with Queen Guinevereis exposed; the brothers eventually accompany Lancelot to France, where Palamedes is made Duke of Provence. According to the Post-Vulgate, Sir Gawain killed Palamedes during the Grail Quest, while the latter was already wounded.
List of Arthurian characters
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