- Germantown, Montgomery County, Maryland
official_name = Germantown, Maryland
settlement_type = CDP
mapsize = 250x200px
map_caption = Location of Germantown, Maryland
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_type2 = Counties
subdivision_name2 = Montgomery
unit_pref = Imperial
area_total_km2 = 28.0
area_land_km2 = 27.9
area_water_km2 = 0.1
area_total_sq_mi = 10.8
area_land_sq_mi = 10.8
area_water_sq_mi = 0.1
population_as_of = 2000 Census
population_total = 55,419 (census)
population_density_km2 = 1,986.8
population_density_sq_mi = 5,144.0
timezone = Eastern (EST)
utc_offset = -5
timezone_DST = EDT
utc_offset_DST = -4
latd = 39 |latm = 11 |lats = 0 |latNS = N
longd = 77 |longm = 16 |longs = 0 |longEW = W
coordinates_display = inline,title
coordinates_type = type:city_region:US-MD
area_code = 301
blank_name = FIPS code
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
Germantown is an urbanized
census-designated placein Montgomery County, Marylandin the United States. It is the sixth most populous CDP in Marylandwith an estimated population of 85,000 as of 2005. If it were to incorporate, it would be the second largest incorporated city in Maryland [cite web|title=Germantown weighs tax that binds|accessdate=2007-10-21|publisher=Washington Post|url=http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2005/11/24/AR2005112400781_pf.html] .
It is the only "Germantown, Maryland" recognized by the
United States Postal Service, although there are technically three others, one each in Anne Arundel County, Baltimore County, and Worcester County. It has the assigned ZIP Codes of 20874 and 20876 for delivery and 20875 for post office boxes only..
In the 1830s and 1840s, the central business area was focused around the intersection of Liberty Mill Road and Clopper Road. Many of the business owners seemed to be German. Despite the fact that most of the local landowners and farmers were English, travelers remembering the accents of the shop-owners called the area "Germantown," and the name stuck.
April 20, 1865, George Atzerodt, a co-conspirator in the Abraham Lincoln assassinationwas captured in Germantown. He was assigned by John Wilkes Boothto assassinate Vice President Andrew Johnson, but lost his nerve and fled Washington, D.C., on the night of the Lincoln assassination. He was captured at his cousin Hartman Richter's farm in Germantown. Atzerodt was hangedon July 7, 1865along with Mary Surratt, Lewis Powell, and David Heroldin Washington, D.C. [ Kauffman, M. (2004). "American Brutus". pp. 282-284, Random House, ISBN 0-375-75974-3 ] Since about 1980, Germantown has experienced great growth, both in townhomes and single-family dwellings, and an urbanized towncenter has been built.
Germantown is located at coord|39|11|N|77|16|W|.
According to the
United States Census Bureau, the community has a total area of 10.8 square miles (28.0 km²), of which, 10.8 square miles (27.9 km²) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.1 km²) of it (0.46%) is water.
As of the
censusof 2000, there were 55,419 people, 20,893 households, and 14,123 families residing in the area. The population densitywas 5,144.0 people per square mile (1,986.8/km²). There were 21,568 housing units at an average density of 2,001.9/sq mi (773.2/km²). The racial makeup of the area was 62.20% White, 19.13% African American, 0.34% Native American, 9.84% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 4.22% from other races, and 4.20% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 10.21% of the population.
There were 20,893 households out of which 41.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.8% were married couples living together, 13.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.4% were non-families. 23.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 1.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.19.
In the area, the population was spread out with 28.9% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 43.0% from 25 to 44, 17.3% from 45 to 64, and 3.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 94.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.6 males.
The median income for a household in the area was $62,431, and the median income for a family was $67,204. Males had a median income of $46,039 versus $37,237 for females. The
per capita incomefor the area was $26,709. 4.6% of the population and 3.5% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 5.9% are under the age of 18 and 9.9% are 65 or older. The largest families range from 8-12 people.
* Public schools in Germantown are part of the
Montgomery County Public Schoolssystem.
Elementary schools: Cedar Grove Elementary School, Clopper Mill Elementary School, Fox Chapel Elementary School, Germantown Elementary School, Great Seneca Creek Elementary School, Captain James E. Daly Jr. Elementary School, Lake Seneca Elementary School, Ronald McNair Elementary School, Sally K. Ride Elementary School, Spark Matsunaga Elementary School, S. Christa McAuliffe Elementary School, and Waters Landing Elementary School.
Middle schools: Kingsview Middle School, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Middle School, Neelsville Middle School, and Roberto Clemente Middle School
High schools: Northwest High School, and Seneca Valley High School.
Montgomery College, the county's largest higher education institution, has a campus in Germantown.
Germantown sits a short distance from Interstate 270 and has a station on the
MARC traincommuter service's Brunswick Line, which operates over CSX's Metropolitan Subdivision. The station building itself, at the corner of Liberty Mill Road and Mateny Hill Road, is a copy of the original 1891 structure designed by E. Francis Baldwin for the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. The current building was rebuilt after it was burned down by arson in 1978.
The Montgomery County public bus system Ride On, serves Germantown with approximately 20 bus routes, and operates a major transit hub at Germantown Transit Center. Also, the
Corridor Cities Transitway, a proposed light rail system which will, when completed, connect the terminal of the Washington Metro Red Line at Shady Grove Station near Gaithersburg to Germantown and continue on to Clarksburg, further north.
Notable business and government headquarters
United States Department of Energy
Hughes Network Systems
*AWS Convergence Technologies/WeatherBug
Charles River Laboratories
Persons of note
Gina Schock, of the Go-Go's
Mark Bryanand Dean Felber of the pop rockband Hootie and the Blowfish
Rufus Buck, renowned folk singer
Walter Johnson, pitcher, Washington Senators
Frank Warren, founder of PostSecret
Danny Heater, high school basketball single game scoring record holder
Michelle Malkin, conservative political pundit
* [http://www.germantownmdhistory.org/history1.htm History of Germantown from Germantown Historical Society]
** Hybrid satellite image/street map from [http://www.wikimapia.org/#y=39181242&x=-77264872&z=14&l=0&m=h WikiMapia]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
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