- Battle of the Planets
show_name = Battle of the Planets
format = Adventure, Science Fiction
runtime = 30 minutes
executive_producer = Jameson Brewer
network = first-run syndication
September 1, 1978
August 1, 1985
num_episodes = 85
"Battle of the Planets" (1978) is the American dub of the 1972 TV anime known as "Kagaku ninja tai Gatchaman". Of the 105 original "Gatchaman" episodes, 85 were used in the "Battle of the Planets" adaptation, produced by
Sandy Frank Entertainment. The adaptation is generally faithful to the plot and character development of the original "Gatchaman" series, but significant additions and reductions were made in order to increase appeal to the North American juvenile television market of the late 1970s. [ [http://uk.dvd.ign.com/articles/559/559396p1.html Battle of the Planets 25th Anniversary Collection] ]
As of February 2007, Sandy Frank's 30-year license to "Battle of the Planets" is expired. It is not clear how this will affect the future of the series.
"Battle of the Planets" casts five young people as G-Force, consisting of Mark, Jason, Princess, Keyop, and Tiny. The question has been raised whether or not the characters were cyborgs due to their super-human agility and demonstrations of power such as the whirlwind pyramid. G-Force protects Earth from planet Spectra and other attacks from 'beyond space'. Their main ship is the "Phoenix", which can deploy four smaller vehicles, each operated by one team member. A regularly featured "
deus ex machina" was the transformation of the Phoenix into a flaming bird-shaped craft able to handle virtually any exceptional situation by functioning as something like a giant blowtorch. The Phoenix’s primary weapon was a large supply of rockets. It also occasionally flaunted a powerful solar-powered energy blaster, although the team had the misfortune of choosing very cloudy days to use it.
In 1986, "Gatchaman" was re-worked in the US as "" by Turner, with a good deal of the original content that had been edited out of "Battle of the Planets" put back in to the show. It followed the plot of the original "Gatchaman" much more faithfully than "Battle of the Planets" because of this. However, the lack of
Hoyt Curtin's original score and inferior voice acting prevented this series from attaining the high praise given to "Battle of the Planets."Fact|date=August 2007
soundtrackalbums and several DVDs have also been released.
The two Japanese follow-up series ("Gatchaman II" and "
Gatchaman F") were combined into 65 episodes and released as the Saban-produced show " Eagle Riders". All 65 episodes aired in Australia, but in the United States only 13 episodes were aired.
Key changes in the adaptation
The "Battle of the Planets" adaptation differs significantly from "Gatchaman". The difference is due to heavy editing made to make the show appealing to the audience in the United States by removing controversial elements (i.e. graphic violence, profanity and
transgenderism) while adding elements reminiscent of the feature film "", which was popular at the time. While the original "Gatchaman" was earthbound, dark-toned, and environmentally-themed, the adaptation morphed it into a kid-friendly outer space show with robotcharacters, although some environmental themes were kept, and this is also why the other planets to which G-Force traveled on missions looked very much like Earth. Setting, violence, objectionable language, and (most) character fatalities were altered or eliminated by cutting scenes, dubbing, and explanatory voiceovers (for instance, claiming that "the city has been evacuated" before a battle scene that would show the incidental destruction of buildings and houses, as well as explaining away the destruction of the Earth armies and air forces as being "robot" tanks and fighter planes). [ [http://www.bbc.co.uk/cult/classic/battle/trivia.shtml BBC - Cult - Classic TV - Battle of the Planets] ]
One of the most notable changes in the "BotP" adaptation involves the character Keyop (Jinpei in "Gatchaman"), who picked up a bizarre verbal
ticof stuttering, chirping, and burbling. There was a longstanding fan rumor that this was done because the original character spoke using profanity, and that Keyop's excess mouth motion would cover up deleting the words. This was not true, as demonstrated by the existence of an unedited Gatchaman version published by ADV Films, in which Keyop rarely if ever uses profanity. The in-story explanation for Keyop's unique manner of speech is an artificial life form which has a speech impediament. [ [http://books.google.com/books?id=Agv8Lfp4DvUC&pg=PA53&source=gbs_selected_pages&cad=0_1&sig=ACfU3U3SMyWzb2NZn_-ji0s1dHs_wsJ7Dg#PPA18,M1] ]
The main villain, known as Zoltar in "BotP", had an unusual background due to the hermaphroditic nature of the original Berg Katse character. In an episode where Katse's female half was featured ("BotP" title: "The Galaxy Girls"), "she" was introduced as a separate character, Zoltar's sister, for "BotP". (A hint of "her" actual nature was retained in the name "she" used when masquerading as a human, "Mala Latroz"—an anagram of "Zoltar.") [ [http://books.google.com/books?id=Agv8Lfp4DvUC&pg=PA53&source=gbs_selected_pages&cad=0_1&sig=ACfU3U3SMyWzb2NZn_-ji0s1dHs_wsJ7Dg#PPA18,M1] ]
To compensate for the other differences, an
R2-D2-type robot named 7-Zark-7 performed explanatory voiceovers and light comic relief, which not only padded the time lost from editing but also filled in the gaps in the storyline. Notionally, 7-Zark-7 ran the undersea monitoring station "Center Neptune", from where he received information regarding incoming threats to Earth and relayed that information to G-Force. Zark and other added characters, such as 1-Rover-1, Zark's robotic dog (who could hover from one side of the control room to the other by spinning his tail like a propeller, Muttley-style) and Susan (the early-warning computer whose sultry feminine voice often sent Zark into paroxysms) added to the cartoon's youth appeal. Some additional footage was also animated showing G-Force members (using their "Gatchaman" model sheets) interacting with Zark, helping his addition blend more smoothly into the existing "Gatchaman" footage (although there is a clear difference in quality between the "Zark" and the "Gatchaman" animation). [ [http://www.bbc.co.uk/cult/classic/battle/intro.shtml BBC - Cult - Classic TV - Battle of the Planets] ]
At the time, "Battle of the Planets" was a favorite with children; the series is generally recalled with fondness by those now-adult viewers. However, some fans of the original "Gatchaman" contend that, due to all the changes made, the resulting "Battle of the Planets" is and should be considered as a wholly different show. It should be noted that, in spite of the alterations, the plot and character development of the adaptation generally follows that of the original to a higher degree than it is usually given credit for. [ [http://www.bbc.co.uk/cult/classic/battle/reviews.shtml BBC - Cult - Classic TV - Battle of the Planets] ]
Owned and distributed by:
Sandy Frank Entertainment(1978-2007, license expired)
Produced by: Sandy Frank Film Syndication, Gallerie International Films, Ltd.
Executive Producers: Jameson Brewer,
Warner E. Leighton
Producer-Directors: David E. Hanson,
Jameson Brewer, Peter B. Germano, William Bloom, Jack Paritz, Harry Winkler, Helen Sosin, Muriel Germano, Richard Shaw, Kevin Coates, Howard Post, Sid Morse
Supervising Film Editor:
Assistant Voice Director:
Alan Dinehart, Jr.
Standards and Practices:
Leonard Reeg, George Serban, M.D.
Irving Klein, Tom Swafford
Hoyt S. Curtin, Dennis Dreith, Richard Greene
Paul DeKorte, Igo Kantor
Ink and Paint:
C&D Productions Hollywood
Jason: Unknown ("Attack Of The Space Terrapin"),
Ronnie Schell(all other episodes)
Ronnie Schell("Attack Of The Space Terrapin"), Alan Dinehart(all other episodes)
Chief Anderson/President Kane:
Zoltar/The Great Spirit/Colonel Cronus:
Alan Oppenheimer, David Joliffe, Wendy Young, Takayo Fischer
Battle of the Planets episodes are listed below in their intended viewing order. Since most BotP animation came from Gatchaman, the numbers in parentheses to the right are the comparable episode numbers. However, there are at least five known viewing orders for the adaptation, one being the original "Gatchaman" viewing order, with another as a "suggested" viewing order for the dub [http://www.angelfire.com/ky/darthmaul/1.html]
Episodes vary in similarity between the two shows; "" was a more faithful English translation, and [http://www.animenewsnetwork.com/press-release/2005-05-31/adv-brings-gatchaman-to-america ADV's DVD releases] have the most accurate English of all.
"Battle of the Planets" was also released in
comic bookform, originally by Gold Key Comics, but later revamped by Top Cow Productions. Among the Top Cow comic books was "Battle of the Planets: Princess", written by David Wohlwith art by Wilson Tortosa, released in 2004. [ [http://www.comicbookresources.com/?page=article&id=1188] ]
In Popular culture
* The third season episode of
Robot Chicken, " Squaw Bury Shortcake" has a skit where the character 'Tiny' is convinced to lose his excess weight. This results in him becoming an even more efficient member of the team, much to the chragin of his fellow male teammates.
*The show was voted one of Channel 4's
100 Greatest Kids' TV showsin 2001. [ [http://www.channel4.com/entertainment/tv/microsites/G/greatest/cartoons/results.html] ]
*The show was voted one of Channel 4's
100 Greatest Cartoonsin 2004. [ [http://www.channel4.com/entertainment/tv/microsites/G/greatest/cartoons/index.html] ]
* Battle of the Planets receives an homage from the anime-inspired "Teen Titans" series. In one episode, Robin dons a "flight suit" resembling the Science Ninja team's bird-like uniforms after ejecting from his R-cycle. [ [http://titanstower.com/source/animated/ep044employeeofmonth.html] ] In another episode Robin is seen throwing a red and gold "Razor boomerang" at the leader of the "Hive Academy" while trying to save Cyborg from an undercover mission. [ [http://www.titanstower.com/source/animated/00indexanimated.html] ]
* In the
webcomic Sluggy Freelance, the main characters, Torg and Riff, accidentally teleport to a dimension filled with animecharacters filled with parodies of the main characters from "Battle of the Planets" as well as " Voltron" and other anime of the same genre.
The D.O.C.titled the ninth track of his 1989 release, No One Can Do It Better, "Whirlwind Pyramid" in an homage to Gatchaman. He even shouts "Transform" (a-la the G-Force dub) during a break-down section midway through the track.
* The mecha parody cartoon
Megas XLRfeatures a Gatchaman-like team in one episode, "Bad Guy". They reappear in the episode "S-Force SOS", which also features villains resembling Zoltar and Spectra henchmen.
* "G-Force": Animated (TwoMorrows Publishing: ISBN 9781893905184) [http://books.google.com/books?id=Agv8Lfp4DvUC&pg=PA5&dq=Gatchaman&lr=&as_brr=3&ei=4EfASP3rF5mMjAGEtMXrDQ&sig=ACfU3U3a6PsMmIwPeu59bc7DgxVqvCwoRg#PPP1,M1]
* [http://www.fairlight65.com/ "Fairlight's Gatchaman Battle of the Planets Fansite"] Screenshots, chararcter bois, and downloads.
* [http://www.chronicsite.com/gatchaman/ "Gatchaman" - Home of the White Shadow]
* [http://gatchonline.com/versions/versions.htm Gatchaman Gatchaman Online and "Gatchaman", "BotP", & G-Force]
* [http://www2.angulang.org.uk/ "Gatchaman" and "BotP" Links List]
*imdb title|id=0076983|title=Battle of the Planets
*Tv.com show|id=5393|title=Battle of the Planets
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Battle of the Planets — La Bataille des planètes La Bataille des planètes Kagaku Ninjatai Gatchaman (科学忍者隊ガッチャマン) Type Shōnen Genre Action Anime … Wikipédia en Français
Battle of the Planets (comics) — Infobox comic book title title = Battle of the Planets imagesize = 200 caption = Cover to issue #1 of Battle of the Planets , June 1979. schedule = Monthly ongoing = SciFi = Y publisher = Gold Key Comics Top Cow Productions date = issues = main… … Wikipedia
Battle of the Planets (soundtrack) — Infobox Album | Name = Battle of the Planets Type = Soundtrack Artist = Various Released = September 18, 1978 (U.S.) Recorded = Genre = Film score Length = TBA Label = Silva Screen Records Producer = Reviews = Battle of the Planets is the… … Wikipedia
Battle of the Planets (video game) — Infobox VG| title = Battle of the Planets developer = Mikro Gen Ltd publisher = Mikro Gen Ltd released = 1986 modes = Single Player genre = Action platforms = Atari ST, Amiga, Amstrad CPC, Commodore 64, ZX Spectrum Battle of the Planets is a… … Wikipedia
...Nor the Battle to the Strong — Star Trek: Deep Space Nine episode Episode no. Season 5 Episode 4 Directed by Kim Friedman Telepl … Wikipedia
Buck Rogers - Battle for the 25th Century — is a strategy board game published in 1988 by Dungeons and Dragons makers TSR, Inc.. The game uses the setting and themes of the 1930s Buck Rogers serials, and the design of 1950s space race era propaganda to gussy up what was basically an Axis… … Wikipedia
The Chimp Channel — Genre Comedy Written by Neil Alsip Tim Burns Directed by Brad Morrison Corky Quackenbush Voices of Daran Norris Jennifer Hale Richard Doyl … Wikipedia
The 100 Greatest Cartoons — Este artículo está huérfano, pues pocos o ningún artículo enlazan aquí. Por favor, introduce enlaces hacia esta página desde otros artículos relacionados … Wikipedia Español
The Law of Ueki — The DVD cover of Volume 1: The Battle Commencement うえきの法則 (Ueki no Hōsoku) … Wikipedia
The Transformers (Marvel Comics) — The Transformers If this infobox is not supposed to have an image, please add |noimage=yes . Publication information Publisher … Wikipedia