Claudian


Claudian
Works of Claudius Claudianus - German translation by Georg Freiherr von Wedekind, 1868

Claudian (lat. Claudius Claudianus) was a Roman poet, who worked for Emperor Honorius and the latter's general Stilicho.

A Greek-speaking citizen of Alexandria and probably not a Christian convert, Claudian arrived in Rome before 395. He made his mark with a eulogy of his two young patrons, Probinus and Olybrius, thereby becoming court poet. He wrote a number of panegyrics on the consulship of his patrons, praise poems for the deeds of Stilicho, and invectives directed at Stilicho's rivals in the Eastern court of Arcadius. These efforts resulted with such gifts as the honor of the rank of vir illustris, a statue, and a rich bride selected by Stilicho's wife, Serena.

Despite his Greek origins, Claudian wrote in Latin and is one of the best late users of the language in poetry. Critics consider Claudian a good poet, if not absolutely first-rate. He is elegant, tells a story well, and his polemical passages are occasionally unmatchable in sheer entertaining vitriol; but his writing is tainted by preciousness, a flaw of the literature of his time, and his being extraordinarily cold and unfeeling.

From a historical standpoint, Claudian's poetry is a valuable, however distorted, primary source for his period. Since his poems do not record the achievements of Stilicho after 404, scholars assume he died in that year. The historical or political poems connected with Stilicho have a separate manuscript tradition to the rest of his work, and this is believed to indicate that they were published as a separate collection, perhaps by Stilicho himself after Claudian's death.

His most important non-political work is an unfinished epic, De raptu Proserpinae, whose three extant books are believed to have been written in 395 and 397.

Works

The Abduction of Proserpina (ca. 1631) by Rembrandt was influenced by Claudian's De raptu Proserpinae[1]
  • Panegyricus dictus Probino et Olybrio consulibus
  • De raptu Proserpinae (unfinished epic, 3 books completed)
  • In Rufinum ("Against Rufinus")
  • De Bello Gildonico ("On the Gildonic revolt")
  • In Eutropium ("Against Eutropius")
  • Fescennina / Epithalamium de Nuptiis Honorii Augusti
  • Panegyricus de Tertio Consulatu Honorii Augusti
  • Panegyricus de Quarto Consulatu Honorii Augusti
  • Panegyricus de Consulatu Flavii Manlii Theodori
  • De Consulatu Stilichonis
  • Panegyricus de Sexto Consulatu Honorii Augusti
  • De Bello Gothico ("On the Gothic War" of 402-403)
  • Lesser poems: Phoenix, Epithalamium Palladio et Celerinae; de Magnete; de Crystallo cui aqua inerat

See also

References

  1. ^ Amy Golahny, "Rembrandt's Abduction of Proserpina," in The Age of Rembrandt: Studies in Seventeenth-Century Dutch Painting (Penn State Press, 1988), pp. 31ff.

External links

Editions

Secondary sources


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • CLAUDIAN° — (Claudius Claudianus; fourth century C.E.), Latin poet. He mentions the imaginative pictures of India painted upon Jewish veils in Eutropium, 1:350ff. If the text is   correct, it contains a unique reference to ornamented Jewish fabrics and… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Claudian — Claudius Claudianus (kurz Claudian; * um 370; † um 404/5) war der bedeutendste lateinische Dichter der Spätantike. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben und Werk 2 Literatur 2.1 Ausgaben und Übersetzungen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Claudian — ▪ Roman author Latin in full  Claudius Claudianus   born c. 370, , Alexandria died c. 404, , Rome       last important poet of the classical tradition. Coming to Italy and abandoning Greek, he showed his mastery of Latin in a poem celebrating the …   Universalium

  • Claudian —    Claudius Claudianus (ca. 370 ca. 404), a Latin rhetorical poet from Alexandria (q.v.), who made a career for himself in the West writing panegyrics for prominent personages such as Theodosios I, Honorios, and Stilicho (qq.v.), who was Claudian …   Historical dictionary of Byzantium

  • CLAUDIAN —    a Latin epic poet of the 4th century, born in Alexandria, panegyrist of Stilicho on his victory over Alaric; a not unworthy successor of Catullus and Propertius, though his native tongue was Greek …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • CLAUDIAN — Claudiano …   Abbreviations in Latin Inscriptions

  • claudian — clau·di·an …   English syllables

  • claudian — ˈklȯdēən adjective Usage: usually capitalized Etymology: Latin Claudius, a Roman gens name + English an : of or relating to any of several celebrated Romans of the name of Claudius or the gentes, one patrician and the other plebeian, to which… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Claudian letters — The Claudian letters were developed by, and named after, the Roman Emperor Claudius (reigned 41–54). He introduced three new letters: a reversed C (antisigma) to replace BS and PS, much like X stood in for CS and GS. The appearance of this letter …   Wikipedia

  • Julio-Claudian dynasty — The Julio Claudian Dynasty refers to the first five Roman Emperors: Augustus (Octavian), Tiberius, Caligula (Gaius), Claudius, and Nero. They ruled the Roman Empire from 27 BC to AD 68, when the last of the line, Nero, committed suicide. These… …   Wikipedia