- Battle of Fort Niagara
Infobox Military Conflict
conflict=Battle of Fort Niagara
French and Indian War
July 6– July 26, 1759
Youngstown, New York
combatant1=flagicon|France|restauration [George Ripley, Charles Anderson Dana, "The American Cyclopaedia", New York, 1874, p. 250, "...the standard of France was white, sprinkled with golden fleur de lis...". * [http://www.anyflag.com/history/fleur23.htm] The original Banner of France was strewn with fleurs-de-lis. * [http://digitalgallery.nypl.org/nypldigital/dgdisplaylargemeta.cfm?strucID=585779&imageID=1236061&parent_id=585395&word=&s=¬word=&d=&c=&f=&sScope=&sLevel=&sLabel=&lword=&lfield=&num=0&imgs=12&total=98&pos=1&snum=] :on the reverse of this plate it says: "Le pavillon royal était véritablement le drapeau national au dix-huitième siecle...Vue du chateau d'arrière d'un vaisseau de guerre de haut rang portant le pavillon royal (blanc, avec les armes de France)." [http://www.1911encyclopedia.org/Flag] from the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica: "The oriflamme and the Chape de St Martin were succeeded at the end of the 16th century, when Henry III., the last of the house of Valois, came to the throne, by the white standard powdered with fleurs-de-lis. This in turn gave place to the famous tricolour."]
commander2=John Prideaux † William Johnson
strength2=2,000 regular 1,000 militia 945
casualties1=109 killed or wounded
casualties2=239 killed or wounded|
The Battle of Fort Niagara was one of the final battles in the
French and Indian War, the North American theatre of the Seven Years' War. The British attack on Fort Niagara was part of a campaign to remove French fortifications from the Great Lakesand Ohio Valley regions, allowing for a western invasion of New Francein conjunction with General Wolfe's invasion to the east.
In early June, Pouchot sent 2,500 of his 3,000 of his men to prepare for engagements in the Ohio valley. Having secured
Fort Oswegothe previous month, Brigadier General, John Prideaux arrived at Fort Niagara on July 6with 2,500 men. The French had about one hundred Iroquois allies at the Fort who deserted when the British arrived. Captain Pouchot directed a vigorous defense that claimed Prideaux's life several days into the siege. Command of the British army fell to Sir William Johnson. The French capitulated on July 26 after a French relief force was defeated at the Battle of La Belle-Familletwo miles south of the fort. After a 20-day siege, a British army under Brigadier General, John Prideaux forced the surrender of Fort Niagarafrom the French on July 26, 1759.
Following the loss of Fort Niagara, manpower shortages (General Montcalm had assembled the remnants of New France's military in
Quebec Cityin anticipation of the decisive British blow) compelled the French to withdraw their depleted garrisons from Fort St. Frédéricand even from Fort Carillon, so famously held from the British the previous summer. Although the easy water route to Montrealand the St. Lawrence Valleyvia Lake Champlainnow lay open, French resistance at Niagara and elsewhere had sufficiently delayed the battle to prolong the war for another year and to allow the Chevalier de Lévis to fight one last battle for the reclamation of Quebec in 1760.
*cite book|last=Dunnigan|first=Brian Leigh|title=Siege - 1759, The Campaign against Niagara|year=1996|id= ISBN 0-941967-15-8
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