ablative absolute

ablative absolute
noun Date: circa 1828 a construction in Latin in which a noun or pronoun and its adjunct both in the ablative case form together an adverbial phrase expressing generally the time, cause, or an attendant circumstance of an action

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

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  • ablative absolute — Ablative Ab la*tive, (Gram.) The ablative case. [1913 Webster] {ablative absolute}, a construction in Latin, in which a noun in the ablative case has a participle (either expressed or implied), agreeing with it in gender, number, and case, both… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • ablative absolute — n. Gram. in Latin, a grammatically independent phrase containing a noun in the ablative case and a participle, pronoun, or second noun also in the ablative case, used to express time, cause, or circumstance …   English World dictionary

  • ablative absolute — Latin Gram. a construction not dependent upon any other part of the sentence, consisting of a noun and a participle, noun and adjective, or two nouns, in which both members are in the ablative case, as Latin via facta, the road having been made.… …   Universalium

  • ablative absolute — noun A construction in Latin in which an independent phrase with a noun in the ablative case has a participle, expressed or implied, which agrees with it in gender, number and case ndash; both words forming a clause grammatically unconnected with …   Wiktionary

  • ablative absolute — noun a construction in Latin which consists of a noun and participle or adjective in the ablative case and which functions as a sentence adverb, for example mirabile dictu ‘wonderful to relate’ …   English new terms dictionary

  • ablative absolute — ab′lative ab′solute n. gram. (in Latin) a grammatical construction independent of the rest of the sentence, consisting of a noun and a participle, noun and adjective, or two nouns, both in the ablative case, as Latin viā factā“the road having… …   From formal English to slang

  • ablative absolute — /æblətɪv ˈæbsəlut/ (say abluhtiv absuhlooht) noun (in Latin grammar) a construction not dependent upon any other part of the sentence, consisting of a noun and a participle, noun and adjective, or two nouns, in which both members are in the… …   Australian English dictionary

  • ablative absolute —   , Latin adverbial phrase formed by noun and adjunct (especially participle), both in ablative …   Dictionary of difficult words

  • ablative absolute — noun a constituent in Latin grammar; a noun and its modifier can function as a sentence modifier • Hypernyms: ↑constituent, ↑grammatical constituent …   Useful english dictionary

  • Absolute — Ab so*lute, a. [L. absolutus, p. p. of absolvere: cf. F. absolu. See {Absolve}.] 1. Loosed from any limitation or condition; uncontrolled; unrestricted; unconditional; as, absolute authority, monarchy, sovereignty, an absolute promise or command; …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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