noun (plural Cathari or Cathars) Etymology: Late Latin cathari (plural), from Late Greek katharoi, from Greek, plural of katharos pure Date: 1634 a member of one of various ascetic and dualistic Christian sects especially of the later Middle Ages teaching that matter is evil and professing faith in an angelic Christ who did not really undergo human birth or death • Catharism nounCatharist or Catharistic adjective

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

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  • Cathar — 1570s (implied in Catharism), from M.L. Cathari the Pure, name taken by Novatians and other Christian sects, from N.T. Gk. katharezein to make clean, from Gk. katheros pure …   Etymology dictionary

  • Cathar — Catharism, n. Catharistic, adj. /kath ahr/, n., pl. Cathari / euh ruy /, Cathars. (in medieval Europe) a member of any of several rigorously ascetic Christian sects maintaining a dualistic theology. Also called Catharist /kath euhr ist/. [1630… …   Universalium

  • Cathar — noun A member of certain so self styled Novatian and other Christian sects embracing a form of dualism and extraordinary practices, persecuted by Roman Catholics as heretics. The Albigenses, famous Cathars in and around Albi (southern France),… …   Wiktionary

  • Cathar — [ kaθα:] noun (plural Cathars or Cathari ri) a member of a heretical medieval Christian sect which sought to achieve great spiritual purity. Derivatives Catharism noun Catharist noun & adjective Origin C17: from med. L. Cathari (plur …   English new terms dictionary

  • cathar — o (G). Clean, pure …   Dictionary of word roots and combining forms

  • Cathar — a heretical movement found in Germany, Italy and France in the 11th to 13th centuries, based on a dualist belief in two Gods, one of good and one of evil; also known as Albigensians …   Medieval glossary

  • cathar — cath·ar …   English syllables

  • Cathar — /ˈkæθa/ (say kathah) noun a member of one of several Provençal Christian groups of the 12th and 13th centuries, who believed in purification by mortification and spiritual baptism. Also, Catharist. {Medieval Latin Cathari, from Greek katharoi the …   Australian English dictionary

  • cathar — n. (pl. Cathars or Cathari) a member of a medieval sect which sought to achieve great spiritual purity. Derivatives: Catharism n. Catharist n. Etymology: med.L Cathari (pl.) f. Gk katharoi pure …   Useful english dictionary

  • Cathar castles — (in French Châteaux cathares ) is a modern term used by the tourism industry (following the example of Pays Cathare Cathar Country) to arbitrarily designate the series of fortresses built by the French king on the southern frontier of his lands… …   Wikipedia

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