up
I. adverb Etymology: partly from Middle English up upward, from Old English ūp; partly from Middle English uppe on high, from Old English; both akin to Old High German ūf up and probably to Latin sub under, Greek hypo under, hyper over — more at over Date: before 12th century 1. a. (1) in or into a higher position or level; especially away from the center of the earth (2) from beneath the ground or water to the surface (3) from below the horizon (4) upstream 1 (5) in or into an upright position <
sit up
>
; especially out of bed b. upward from the ground or surface <
pull up a daisy
>
c. so as to expose a particular surface 2. with greater intensity <
speak up
>
3. a. in or into a better or more advanced state b. at an end <
your time is up
>
c. in or into a state of greater intensity or excitement d. to or at a greater speed, rate, or amount <
prices went up
>
e. in a continual sequence ; in continuance from a point or to a point <
from third grade up
>
<
at prices of $10 and up
>
<
up until now
>
4. a. (1) into existence, evidence, prominence, or prevalence (2) into operation or practical form b. into consideration or attention <
bring up for discussion
>
5. into possession or custody 6. a. entirely, completely <
button up your coat
>
b. — used as an intensifier <
clean up the house
>
7. in or into storage ; by <
lay up supplies
>
8. a. so as to arrive or approach b. in a direction conventionally the opposite of down: (1) to windward (2) northward (3) to or at the top (4) to or at the rear of a theatrical stage 9. in or into parts 10. to a stop — usually used with draw, bring, fetch, or pull 11. for each side <
the score is 15 up
>
II. adjective Date: before 12th century 1. a. risen above the horizon <
the sun is up
>
b. standing c. being out of bed d. relatively high <
the river is up
>
<
was well up in her class
>
e. being in a raised position ; lifted <
windows are up
>
f. being in a state of completion ; constructed, built g. having the face upward h. mounted on a horse <
a new jockey up
>
i. grown above a surface <
the corn is up
>
j. (1) moving, inclining, or directed upward <
the up escalator
>
(2) bound in a direction regarded as up 2. a. (1) marked by agitation, excitement, or activity (2) positive or upbeat in mood or demeanor b. being above a former or normal level (as of quantity or intensity) <
attendance is up
>
<
the wind is up
>
c. exerting enough power (as for operation) <
sail when steam is up
>
d. ready; specifically highly prepared e. going on ; taking place <
find out what is up
>
3. a. risen from a lower position <
men up from the ranks
>
b. being at the same level or point <
did not feel up to par
>
c. (1) well informed ; abreast <
up on the news
>
(2) being on schedule <
up on his homework
>
d. being ahead of one's opponent 4. a. presented for or undergoing consideration <
contract up for negotiation
>
; also charged before a court <
up for robbery
>
b. being the one whose turn it is <
you're up next
>
III. preposition Date: 1509 1. a. — used as a function word to indicate motion to or toward or situation at a higher point of <
went up the stairs
>
b. up into or in the <
was hid away up garret — Mark Twain
>
2. a. in a direction regarded as being toward or near the upper end or part of <
lives a few miles up the coast
>
<
walked up the street
>
b. toward or near a point closer to the source or beginning of <
sail up the river
>
3. in the direction opposite to <
sailed up the wind
>
IV. noun Date: 1536 1. one in a high or advantageous position 2. an upward slope 3. a period or state of prosperity or success 4. upper III 5. a fundamental quark that has an electric charge of +2/3 and that is one of the constituents of a nucleon V. verb (upped or in intransitive verb 2 up; upped; upping; ups or in intransitive verb 2 up) Date: 1643 intransitive verb 1. a. to rise from a lying or sitting position b. to move upward ; ascend 2. — used with and and another verb to indicate that the action of the following verb was either surprisingly or abruptly initiated <
he up and quit his job
>
transitive verb 1. raise, lift 2. a. to advance to a higher level: (1) increase (2) promote 1a b. raise 8d, e

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Up — ([u^]p), adv. [AS. up, upp, [=u]p; akin to OFries. up, op, D. op, OS. [=u]p, OHG. [=u]f, G. auf, Icel. & Sw. upp, Dan. op, Goth. iup, and probably to E. over. See {Over}.] [1913 Webster] 1. Aloft; on high; in a direction contrary to that of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Up — is a relative direction, the opposite of down .Up may also refer to: *A railroad direction in the United Kingdom and China *At bat, in baseball, when a player is facing the pitcher *Experiencing the effects of psychoactive drugs *On line, in… …   Wikipedia

  • Up — Up, a. Inclining up; tending or going up; upward; as, an up look; an up grade; the up train. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Up — Up, prep. 1. From a lower to a higher place on, upon, or along; at a higher situation upon; at the top of. [1913 Webster] In going up a hill, the knees will be most weary; in going down, the thihgs. Bacon. [1913 Webster] 2. From the coast towards …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Up — Up, n. The state of being up or above; a state of elevation, prosperity, or the like; rarely occurring except in the phrase ups and downs. [Colloq.] [1913 Webster] {Ups and downs}, alternate states of elevation and depression, or of prosperity… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • UP — abbreviation Upper Peninsula (of Michigan) …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Up anchor — Up Up ([u^]p), adv. [AS. up, upp, [=u]p; akin to OFries. up, op, D. op, OS. [=u]p, OHG. [=u]f, G. auf, Icel. & Sw. upp, Dan. op, Goth. iup, and probably to E. over. See {Over}.] [1913 Webster] 1. Aloft; on high; in a direction contrary to that of …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Up and down — Up Up ([u^]p), adv. [AS. up, upp, [=u]p; akin to OFries. up, op, D. op, OS. [=u]p, OHG. [=u]f, G. auf, Icel. & Sw. upp, Dan. op, Goth. iup, and probably to E. over. See {Over}.] [1913 Webster] 1. Aloft; on high; in a direction contrary to that of …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Up helm — Up Up ([u^]p), adv. [AS. up, upp, [=u]p; akin to OFries. up, op, D. op, OS. [=u]p, OHG. [=u]f, G. auf, Icel. & Sw. upp, Dan. op, Goth. iup, and probably to E. over. See {Over}.] [1913 Webster] 1. Aloft; on high; in a direction contrary to that of …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Up to snuff — Up Up ([u^]p), adv. [AS. up, upp, [=u]p; akin to OFries. up, op, D. op, OS. [=u]p, OHG. [=u]f, G. auf, Icel. & Sw. upp, Dan. op, Goth. iup, and probably to E. over. See {Over}.] [1913 Webster] 1. Aloft; on high; in a direction contrary to that of …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”