under
I. adverb Etymology: Middle English, adverb & preposition, from Old English; akin to Old High German untar under, Latin inferus situated beneath, lower, infra below, Sanskrit adha Date: before 12th century 1. in or into a position below or beneath something 2. below or short of some quantity, level, or limit <
$10 or under
>
— often used in combination <
understaffed
>
3. in or into a condition of subjection, subordination, or unconsciousness <
put the patient under for surgery
>
4. down to defeat, ruin, or death <
businesses going under
>
5. so as to be covered <
buried under by the avalanche
>
II. preposition Date: before 12th century 1. below or beneath so as to be overhung, surmounted, covered, protected, or concealed by <
under sunny skies
>
<
a soft heart under a stern exterior
>
<
under cover of darkness
>
2. a. subject to the authority, control, guidance, or instruction of <
served under the general
>
<
under the terms of the contract
>
<
a program that runs under any operating system
>
b. receiving or undergoing the action or effect of <
under pressure
>
<
courage under fire
>
<
under the influence of alcohol
>
<
the image of a point under a mapping
>
<
under oath
>
3. a. within the group or designation of <
under this heading
>
b. having as name or title <
traveling under an alias
>
4. less or lower than (as in size, amount, or rank); especially falling short of a standard or required degree <
under the legal age
>
<
under par
>
III. adjective Date: 13th century 1. a. lying or placed below, beneath, or on the ventral side — often used in combination <
underlip
>
b. facing or protruding downward 2. lower in rank or authority ; subordinate 3. lower than usual, proper, or desired in amount, quality, or degree — often used in combination <
an under-dose of medicine
>

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Under — Un der, prep. [AS. under, prep. & adv.; akin to OFries. under, OS. undar, D. onder, G. unter, OHG. untar, Icel. undir, Sw. & Dan. under, Goth. undar, L. infra below, inferior lower, Skr. adhas below. [root]201. Cf. {Inferior}.] 1. Below or lower …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • under — [un′dər] prep. [ME < OE, akin to Ger unter < IE * ṇdhos, *ṇdheri, under > L infra, below] 1. in, at, or to a position down from; lower than; below [shoes under the bed, under a blazing sun] 2. beneath the surface of [under water] 3.… …   English World dictionary

  • under — (prep., adv.) O.E. under, from P.Gmc. *under (Cf. O.Fris. under, Du. onder, O.H.G. untar, Ger. unter, O.N. undir, Goth. undar), from PIE *ndhero lower (Cf. Skt. adhah below; Avestan athara lower; …   Etymology dictionary

  • Under — Série Logo de la série Scénario Christophe Bec Dessin …   Wikipédia en Français

  • under — *under germ., Adverb, Präposition: nhd. unter, zwischen; ne. under, between; Rekontruktionsbasis: got., an., ae., afries., anfrk., as., ahd.; Etymologie …   Germanisches Wörterbuch

  • Under — Un der, adv. In a lower, subject, or subordinate condition; in subjection; used chiefly in a few idiomatic phrases; as, to bring under, to reduce to subjection; to subdue; to keep under, to keep in subjection; to control; to go under, to be… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Under — Un der, a. Lower in position, intensity, rank, or degree; subject; subordinate; generally in composition with a noun, and written with or without the hyphen; as, an undercurrent; undertone; underdose; under garment; underofficer; undersheriff.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • under — {{hw}}{{under}}{{/hw}}(sempre seguito da un num. card.) A s. m.  e f.  spec. al pl. Atleta al disotto di una data età: gli under 21. B agg. ; anche s. f. Squadra formata di atleti al disotto di una data età: la nazionale under 21; l under 21 ha… …   Enciclopedia di italiano

  • under- — [ʌndə US dər] prefix 1.) less of an action or quality than is correct, needed, or desired ▪ underdevelopment ▪ undercooked cabbage 2.) going under something ▪ an underpass (=a road or path that goes under another road) 3.) inside or beneath other …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • under- — [ʌndə US dər] prefix 1.) less of an action or quality than is correct, needed, or desired ▪ underdevelopment ▪ undercooked cabbage 2.) going under something ▪ an underpass (=a road or path that goes under another road) 3.) inside or beneath other …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • under- — [ ʌndər ] prefix 1. ) not enough: used with many nouns, verbs, and adjectives: under exposed under nourished 2. ) below: used with many nouns: underpass underwater underfloor heating 3. ) less powerful or important: used with some nouns: an under …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

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