turpentine
I. noun Etymology: Middle English terbentyne, turpentyne, from Anglo-French & Medieval Latin; Anglo-French terebentine, from Medieval Latin terbentina, from Latin terebinthina, feminine of terebinthinus of terebinth, from terebinthus terebinth, from Greek terebinthos Date: 14th century 1. a. a yellow to brown semifluid oleoresin obtained as an exudate from the terebinth b. an oleoresin obtained from various conifers (as some pines and firs) 2. a. an essential oil obtained from turpentines by distillation and used especially as a solvent and thinner — called also gum turpentine b. a similar oil obtained by distillation or carbonization of pinewood — called also wood turpentine II. transitive verb (-tined; -tining) Date: 1759 1. to apply turpentine to 2. to extract turpentine from; especially to tap (pine trees) in order to obtain turpentine

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

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  • Turpentine — Tur pen*tine, n. [F. t[ e]r[ e]bentine, OF. also turbentine; cf. Pr. terebentina, terbentina, It. terebentina, trementina; fr. L. terebinthinus of the turpentine tree, from terebinthus the turpentine tree. Gr. ?, ?. See {Terebinth}.] A semifluid… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • turpentine — [tʉr′pən tīn΄] n. [ME turpentyne < OFr terbentine < L terebinthinus, of the turpentine tree < terebinthus: see TEREBINTH] 1. the brownish yellow, sticky, semifluid oleoresin exuding from the terebinth 2. any of the various sticky, viscid …   English World dictionary

  • turpentine — ► NOUN 1) (also crude or gum turpentine) a resinous oily substance secreted by certain pines and other trees and distilled to make rosin and oil of turpentine. 2) (also oil of turpentine) a volatile pungent oil distilled from this, used in mixing …   English terms dictionary

  • turpentine — early 14c., terbentyn, from O.Fr. terebinte, from L. terebintha resina resin of the terebinth tree, from Gk. rhetine terebinthe, from fem. of terebinthos, earlier terminthos terebinth tree, probably from a non I.E. language. By 16c. applied… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Turpentine — For other uses, see Turpentine (disambiguation). Turpentine (also called spirit of turpentine, oil of turpentine, and wood turpentine) is a fluid obtained by the distillation of resin obtained from trees, mainly pine trees. It is composed of… …   Wikipedia

  • turpentine — turpentinic /terr peuhn tin ik/, turpentinous /terr peuhn tin euhs, tuy neuhs/, turpentiny /terr peuhn tuy nee/, adj. /terr peuhn tuyn /, n., v., turpentined, turpentining. n. 1. any of various oleoresins derived from coniferous trees, esp. the… …   Universalium

  • turpentine — tur•pen•tine [[t]ˈtɜr pənˌtaɪn[/t]] n. v. tined, tin•ing 1) chem. pln any of various oleoresins derived from coniferous trees and yielding a volatile oil and a resin when distilled 2) chem. Also called oil of turpentine spirits of turpentine a… …   From formal English to slang

  • turpentine —    A high quality oil paint thinner and solvent. It is produced by distilling into a volatile pungent oil the resin secreted by any of several types of coniferous trees. There are several grades of turpentine, the best usually called pure gum… …   Glossary of Art Terms

  • turpentine — /ˈtɜpəntaɪn / (say terpuhntuyn) noun 1. an oleoresin exuding from the terebinth, Pistacia terebinthus. 2. any of various oleoresins derived from coniferous trees, especially the longleaf pine, Pinus palustris, and yielding a volatile oil and a… …   Australian English dictionary

  • turpentine — n. & v. n. an oleo resin secreted by several trees esp. of the genus Pinus, Pistacia, Syncarpia, or Copaifera, and used in various commercial preparations. v.tr. apply turpentine to. Phrases and idioms: Chian turpentine the type of turpentine… …   Useful english dictionary

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