turn
I. verb Etymology: Middle English; partly from Old English tyrnan & turnian to turn, from Medieval Latin tornare, from Latin, to turn on a lathe, from tornus lathe, from Greek tornos; partly from Anglo-French turner, tourner to turn, from Medieval Latin tornare; akin to Latin terere to rub — more at throw Date: before 12th century transitive verb 1. a. to cause to move around an axis or a center ; make rotate or revolve <
turn a wheel
>
<
turn a crank
>
b. (1) to cause to move around so as to effect a desired end (as of locking, opening, or shutting) <
turned the knob till the door opened
>
(2) to affect or alter the functioning of (as a mechanical device) or the level of (as sound) by such movement <
turn the oven to 400°
>
<
turn the music to full volume
>
c. to execute or perform by rotating or revolving <
turn handsprings
>
d. to twist out of line or shape ; wrench <
had turned his ankle
>
2. a. (1) to cause to change position by moving through an arc of a circle <
turned her chair to the fire
>
(2) to cause to move around a center so as to show another side of <
turn the page
>
(3) to cause (as a scale) to move so as to register weight b. to revolve mentally ; think over ; ponder 3. a. to reverse the sides or surfaces of ; invert <
turn pancakes
>
<
turn the shirt inside out
>
: as (1) to dig or plow so as to bring the lower soil to the surface <
turn the compost weekly
>
(2) to make (as a garment) over by reversing the material and resewing <
turn a collar
>
(3) to invert feet up and face down (as a character, rule, or slug) in setting type b. to reverse or upset the order or disposition of <
everything was turned topsy-turvy
>
c. to disturb or upset the mental balance of ; derange, unsettle <
a mind turned by grief
>
d. to set in another especially contrary direction 4. a. to bend or change the course of ; divert <
a battle that turned the tide of history
>
b. to cause to retreat <
used fire hoses to turn the mob
>
c. to alter the drift, tendency, or expected result of d. to bend a course around or about ; round <
turned the corner at full speed
>
5. a. (1) to direct or point (as the face) in a specified way or direction (2) to present by a change in direction or position <
turning his back to his guests
>
b. to bring to bear (as by aiming, pointing, or focusing) ; train <
turned the light into the dark doorway
>
<
turned a questioning eye toward her
>
c. to direct (as the attention or mind) toward or away from something d. to direct the employment of ; apply, devote <
turned his skills to the service of mankind
>
e. (1) to cause to rebound or recoil <
turns their argument against them
>
(2) to make antagonistic ; prejudice <
turn a child against its mother
>
f. (1) to cause to go in a particular direction <
turned our steps homeward
>
(2) drive, send <
turn cows to pasture
>
<
turning hunters off his land
>
(3) to convey or direct out of an inverted receptacle <
turn the mixture into a baking dish
>
6. a. (1) to make acid or sour (2) to change the color of (as foliage) b. (1) convert, transform <
turn defeat into victory
>
(2) translate, paraphrase c. to cause to become of a specified nature or appearance <
turned him into a frog
>
<
embarrassment turned her face red
>
d. to exchange for something else <
turn coins into paper money
>
e. to cause to defect to another side 7. a. to shape especially in a rounded form by applying a cutting tool while revolving in a lathe b. to give a rounded form to by any means <
turn the heel of a sock
>
c. to shape or mold artistically, gracefully, or neatly <
a well turned phrase
>
8. to make a fold, bend, or curve in: a. to form by bending <
turn a lead pipe
>
b. to cause (the edge of a blade) to bend back or over ; blunt, dull 9. a. to keep (as money or goods) moving; specifically to dispose of (a stock) to make room for another b. to gain in the course of business <
turning a quick profit
>
c. to make use of <
turned her education to advantage
>
d. to carry to completion ; pull off <
turned a double play
>
<
turn a deal
>
10. to engage in (an act of prostitution) <
turn tricks
>
intransitive verb 1. a. to move around on an axis or through an arc of a circle ; rotate b. to become giddy or dizzy ; spin <
heights always made his head turn
>
c. (1) to have as a decisive factor ; hinge <
the argument turns on a point of logic
>
<
the outcome of the game turned on an interception
>
(2) to have a center (as of interest) in something specified <
the discussion turned on the overall worth of the project
>
(3) to become focused on something specified <
the conversation turned to baseball
>
2. a. to direct one's course b. (1) to reverse a course or direction <
the tide has turned
>
(2) to have a reactive usually adverse effect c. to take a different course or direction <
turned toward home
>
<
the main road turns sharply to the right
>
3. a. to change position (as of one's head) so as to face another way <
everyone turned to stare
>
b. to face toward or away from someone or something <
flowers turn toward the light
>
c. to change one's attitude or reverse one's course of action to one of opposition or hostility <
felt the world had turned against him
>
d. to make a sudden violent assault especially without evident cause <
dogs turning on their owners
>
4. a. to direct one's attention to or away from someone or something b. (1) to change one's religion (2) to go over to another side or party ; defect c. to have recourse ; refer, resort <
turned to a friend for help
>
<
turned to his notes for the exact figures
>
d. to direct one's efforts or activity ; devote or apply oneself <
turned to the study of the law
>
<
turned to a life of crime
>
5. a. to become changed, altered, or transformed <
the weather turned
>
: as (1) archaic to become different (2) to change color <
the leaves have turned
>
(3) to become sour, rancid, or tainted <
the milk had turned
>
(4) to be variable or inconstant (5) to become mentally unbalanced ; become deranged b. (1) to pass from one state to another ; change <
water had turned to ice
>
(2) become, grow <
his hair had turned gray
>
<
the weather turned bad
>
<
just turned twenty
>
(3) to become someone or something specified by change from another state ; change into <
turn pro
>
<
doctors turned authors
>
(4) to change by the passage of time <
days turned into weeks and months
>
6. to become curved or bent (as from pressure); especially to become blunted by bending <
the edge of the knife had turned
>
7. to operate a lathe 8. of merchandise to be stocked and disposed of ; change hands • turnable adjective II. noun Etymology: Middle English; partly from Anglo-French tur, tourn turning, circuit (from turner to turn); partly from Middle English turnen to turn Date: 13th century 1. a. the action or an act of turning about a center or axis ; revolution, rotation b. any of various rotating or pivoting movements in dancing or gymnastics 2. a. the action or an act of giving or taking a different direction ; change of course or posture <
an illegal left turn
>
: as (1) a drill maneuver in which troops in mass formation change direction without preserving alignment (2) any of various shifts of direction in skiing (3) an interruption of a curve in figure skating b. deflection, deviation c. the action or an act of turning so as to face in the opposite direction ; reversal of posture or course <
an about turn
>
<
the turn of the tide
>
d. a change effected by turning over to another side <
a turn of the cards
>
e. a place at which something turns, turns off, or turns back ; bend, curve 3. a short trip out and back or round about <
took a turn through the park
>
4. an act or deed affecting another especially when incidental or unexpected <
one good turn deserves another
>
5. a. a period of action or activity ; go, spell <
took a turn at the piano
>
b. a place, time, or opportunity accorded an individual or unit of a series in simple succession or in a scheduled order <
waiting her turn in line
>
c. a period or tour of duty ; shift d. a short act or piece (as for a variety show); also public appearance ; performance <
makes frequent guest star turns
>
e. (1) an event in any gambling game after which bets are settled (2) the order of the last three cards in faro — used in the phrase call the turn 6. something that revolves around a center: as a. (1) lathe (2) a catch or latch for a cupboard or cabinet door operated by turning a handle b. a musical ornament consisting of a group of four or more notes that wind about the principal note by including the notes next above and next below 7. a special purpose or requirement — used chiefly in the phrase serve one's turn 8. a. an act of changing ; alteration, modification <
a nasty turn in the weather
>
b. a change in tendency, trend, or drift <
hoped for a turn in his luck
>
<
a turn for the better
>
<
an unexpected turn of events
>
c. the beginning of a new period of time ; the time when one period changes to the next <
the turn of the century
>
9. a. distinctive quality or character b. a fashioning of language or arrangement of words ; manner of expression <
skillful turns of phrase
>
c. the shape or mold in which something is fashioned ; cast 10. a. the state or manner of being coiled or twisted b. a single round (as of rope passed about an object or of wire wound on a core) 11. natural or special ability or aptitude ; bent, inclination <
a turn for logic
>
<
an optimistic turn of mind
>
12. a special twist, construction, or interpretation <
gave the old yarn a new turn
>
13. a. a disordering spell or attack (as of illness, faintness, or dizziness) b. a nervous start or shock <
snuck up on her and gave her quite a turn
>
14. a. a complete transaction involving a purchase and sale of securities; also a profit from such a transaction b. turnover 7b 15. something turned or to be turned: as a. a character or slug inverted in setting type b. a piece of type placed bottom up

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

Synonyms:
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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Turn — (t[^u]rn), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Turned}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Turning}.] [OE. turnen, tournen, OF. tourner, torner, turner, F. tourner, LL. tornare, fr. L. tornare to turn in a lathe, to rounds off, fr. tornus a lathe, Gr. ? a turner s chisel, a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • turn — [tʉrn] vt. [ME turnen < OE turnian & OFr turner, tourner, both < L tornare, to turn in a lathe, turn < tornus, lathe < Gr tornos, lathe, carpenter s compasses, akin to terein, to bore through: for IE base see THROW] I to cause to… …   English World dictionary

  • Turn — Turn, v. i. 1. To move round; to have a circular motion; to revolve entirely, repeatedly, or partially; to change position, so as to face differently; to whirl or wheel round; as, a wheel turns on its axis; a spindle turns on a pivot; a man turns …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • turn — ► VERB 1) move in a circular direction wholly or partly around an axis. 2) move into a different position, especially so as to face or move in the opposite direction. 3) change in nature, state, form, or colour; make or become. 4) shape on a… …   English terms dictionary

  • Turn — Turn, n. 1. The act of turning; movement or motion about, or as if about, a center or axis; revolution; as, the turn of a wheel. [1913 Webster] 2. Change of direction, course, or tendency; different order, position, or aspect of affairs;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • turn — TURN, turnuri, s.n. 1. Construcţie prismatică sau cilindrică, clădită separat sau făcând parte dintr un complex arhitectural, fiind de obicei mai înaltă decât celelalte construcţii. ♢ Turn de răcire = construcţie de lemn, de piatră, de beton… …   Dicționar Român

  • turn — turn; coun·ter·turn; re·turn·abil·i·ty; re·turn·able; re·turn·ee; re·turn·less; tac·i·turn; tac·i·turn·ly; top·sy·turn; turn·able; turn·bull s; turn·dun; turn·halle; turn·pik·er; turn·sole; turn·ver·ein; un·turn; noc·turn; re·turn; turn·wrest;… …   English syllables

  • Turn — may refer to:In music: *Turn (music), a sequence of several notes next to each other in the scale *Turn (band), an Irish rock group:* Turn LP, a 2005 rock album by Turn * Turn (The Ex album), a 2004 punk album by The Ex * Turn (Feeder song), a… …   Wikipedia

  • turn — [n1] revolution, curving about face, angle, bend, bias, bow, branch, change, changeabout, circle, circuit, circulation, circumvolution, corner, curve, cycle, departure, detour, deviation, direction, drift, flection, flexure, fork, gyration, gyre …   New thesaurus

  • Turn — steht für Turn, deutscher Name von Trnovany (Teplice), Ortsteil von Teplice, Okres Teplice aus engl. turn (Drehung) techn.: eine volle Drehung um 360° in der Mathematik ein Erzeugendes einer 2n Diedergruppe, welches die Ordnung n besitzt, im… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • turn — vb 1 Turn, revolve, rotate, gyrate, circle, spin, twirl, whirl, wheel, eddy, swirl, pirouette can all mean to go or move or cause to go or move in a circle. Turn is a general rather colorless word implying movement in circle after circle or in a… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

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