to
I. preposition Etymology: Middle English, from Old English tō; akin to Old High German zuo to, Latin donec as long as, until Date: before 12th century 1. a. — used as a function word to indicate movement or an action or condition suggestive of movement toward a place, person, or thing reached <
drove to the city
>
<
went back to the original idea
>
<
went to lunch
>
b. — used as a function word to indicate direction <
a mile to the south
>
<
turned his back to the door
>
<
a tendency to silliness
>
c. — used as a function word to indicate contact or proximity <
applied polish to the table
>
<
put her hand to her heart
>
d. (1) — used as a function word to indicate the place or point that is the far limit <
100 miles to the nearest town
>
(2) — used as a function word to indicate the limit of extent <
stripped to the waist
>
e. — used as a function word to indicate relative position <
perpendicular to the floor
>
2. a. — used as a function word to indicate purpose, intention, tendency, result, or end <
came to our aid
>
<
drink to his health
>
b. — used as a function word to indicate the result of an action or a process <
broken all to pieces
>
<
go to seed
>
<
to their surprise, the train left on time
>
3. — used as a function word to indicate position or relation in time: as a. before <
five minutes to five
>
b. till <
from eight to five
>
<
up to now
>
4. — used as a function word to indicate addition, attachment, connection, belonging, possession, accompaniment, or response <
the key to the door
>
<
danced to live music
>
<
comes to her call
>
5. — used as a function word (1) to indicate the extent or degree (as of completeness or accuracy) <
loyal to a man
>
<
generous to a fault
>
or the extent and result (as of an action or a condition) <
beaten to death
>
(2) to indicate the last or an intermediate point of a series <
moderate to cool temperatures
>
6. a. — used as a function word (1) to indicate a relation to one that serves as a standard <
inferior to her earlier works
>
(2) to indicate similarity, correspondence, dissimilarity, or proportion <
compared him to a god
>
b. — used as a function word to indicate agreement or conformity <
add salt to taste
>
<
to my knowledge
>
c. — used as a function word to indicate a proportion in terms of numbers or quantities <
400 to the box
>
<
odds of ten to one
>
7. a. — used as a function word (1) to indicate the application of an adjective or a noun <
agreeable to everyone
>
<
attitude to friends
>
<
title to the property
>
(2) to indicate the relation of a verb to its complement or to a complementary element <
refers to the traditions
>
<
refers us to the traditions
>
(3) to indicate the receiver of an action or the one for which something is done or exists <
spoke to his mother
>
<
gives a dollar to the man
>
and often used with a reflexive pronoun to indicate exclusiveness (as of possession) or separateness <
had the house to themselves
>
<
thought to herself
>
b. — used as a function word to indicate agency <
falls to his opponent's blows
>
8. — used as a function word to indicate that the following verb is an infinitive <
wants to go
>
and often used by itself at the end of a clause in place of an infinitive suggested by the preceding context <
knows more than she seems to
>
II. adverb Date: before 12th century 1. a. — used as a function word to indicate direction toward <
feathers wrong end to
>
<
run to and fro
>
b. close to the wind <
the gale having gone over, we came to — R. H. Dana
>
2. a. into contact especially with the frame — used of a door or a window <
the door snapped to
>
b. — used as a function word to indicate physical application or attachment <
he…hath set to his seal — John 3:33(Authorized Version)
>
3. — used as a function word to indicate application or attention <
will stand to — Shakespeare
>
4. to a state of consciousness or awareness <
brings her to with smelling salts
>
5. at hand ; by <
get to see 'em close to — Richard Llewellyn
>

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • To — (?, emphatic or alone, ?, obscure or unemphatic), prep. [AS. t[=o]; akin to OS. & OFries. t[=o], D. toe, G. zu, OHG. zuo, zua, z[=o], Russ. do, Ir. & Gael. do, OL. do, du, as in endo, indu, in, Gr. ?, as in ? homeward. [root]200. Cf. {Too},… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • To- — (?, see {To}, prep.), [AS. to asunder; akin to G. zer , and perhaps to L. dis , or Gr. ?.] An obsolete intensive prefix used in the formation of compound verbs; as in to beat, to break, to hew, to rend, to tear. See these words in the Vocabulary …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • TO — or to may refer to:* a grammatical particle used in forming the English verbal infinitive * .to, the Internet domain country code for Tonga * To Department, one of the 7 departments of the Sissili Province of Burkina Faso * Johnnie To, Hong Kong… …   Wikipedia

  • To — Foot Foot (f[oo^]t), n.; pl. {Feet} (f[=e]t). [OE. fot, foot, pl. fet, feet. AS. f[=o]t, pl. f[=e]t; akin to D. voet, OHG. fuoz, G. fuss, Icel. f[=o]tr, Sw. fot, Dan. fod, Goth. f[=o]tus, L. pes, Gr. poy s, Skr. p[=a]d, Icel. fet step, pace… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • .to — Infobox Top level domain name=.to background=#CCF introduced=1995 type=Country code top level domain status=Active registry=Tonga Network Information Center (Tonic) sponsor=Government of Tonga intendeduse=Entities connected with Tonga… …   Wikipedia

  • To — Constable Con sta*ble (k[o^]n st[.a]*b l or k[u^]n st[.a]*b l), n. [OE. conestable, constable, a constable (in sense 1), OF. conestable, F. conn[ e]table, LL. conestabulus, constabularius, comes stabuli, orig., count of the stable, master of the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • TO — technical order; theater of operations …   Military dictionary

  • TO — abbreviation 1. table of organization 2. traditional orthography 3. turnover …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • To and again — To To (?, emphatic or alone, ?, obscure or unemphatic), prep. [AS. t[=o]; akin to OS. & OFries. t[=o], D. toe, G. zu, OHG. zuo, zua, z[=o], Russ. do, Ir. & Gael. do, OL. do, du, as in endo, indu, in, Gr. ?, as in ? homeward. [root]200. Cf. {Too} …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • To and fro — To To (?, emphatic or alone, ?, obscure or unemphatic), prep. [AS. t[=o]; akin to OS. & OFries. t[=o], D. toe, G. zu, OHG. zuo, zua, z[=o], Russ. do, Ir. & Gael. do, OL. do, du, as in endo, indu, in, Gr. ?, as in ? homeward. [root]200. Cf. {Too} …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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