throw
I. verb (threw; thrown; throwing) Etymology: Middle English thrawen, throwen to cause to twist, throw, from Old English thrāwan to cause to twist or turn; akin to Old High German drāen to turn, Latin terere to rub, Greek tribein to rub, tetrainein to bore, pierce Date: 13th century transitive verb 1. a. to propel through the air by a forward motion of the hand and arm <
throw a baseball
>
b. to propel through the air in any manner <
a rifle that can throw a bullet a mile
>
c. pitch 6b <
threw a no-hitter
>
2. a. to cause to fall <
threw his opponent
>
b. to cause to fall off ; unseat <
the horse threw its rider
>
c. to get the better of ; overcome <
the problem didn't throw her
>
3. a. to fling (oneself) precipitately <
threw herself down on the sofa
>
b. to drive or impel violently ; dash <
the ship was thrown on a reef
>
4. a. (1) to put in a particular position or condition <
threw her arms around him
>
<
thrown into chaos
>
<
threw him into prison
>
(2) to put on or off hastily or carelessly <
threw on a coat
>
b. to bring to bear ; exert <
threw all his efforts into the boy's defense
>
<
throw their weight behind the proposal
>
c. build, construct <
threw a pontoon bridge over the river
>
5. to form or shape on a potter's wheel 6. to deliver (a blow) in or as if in boxing 7. to twist two or more filaments of into a thread or yarn 8. a. to make a cast of (dice or a specified number on dice) b. roll 1a <
throw a bowling ball
>
9. to give up ; abandon 10. to send forth ; project <
the setting sun threw long shadows
>
; also shed 3c <
throw some light on the matter
>
11. to make (oneself) dependent ; commit (oneself) for help, support, or protection <
threw himself on the mercy of the court
>
12. deposit 2b <
the wine throws sediment
>
13. to perform (as a stunt) successfully <
throwing tricks on a skateboard
>
14. to indulge in ; give way to <
threw a temper tantrum
>
15. a. to bring forth <
throws a good crop
>
b. to give birth to <
threw large litters
>
16. to lose intentionally <
throw a game
>
17. a. to move (a lever) so as to connect or disconnect parts of a clutch or switch; also to make or break (a connection) with a lever b. to put (an automobile) in a different gear especially quickly or suddenly <
he threw the car into reverse
>
18. to give by way of entertainment <
throw a party
>
intransitive verb cast, hurlthrower noun Synonyms: throw, cast, toss, fling, hurl, pitch, sling mean to cause to move swiftly through space by a propulsive movement or a propelling force. throw is general and interchangeable with the other terms but may specifically imply a distinctive motion with bent arm <
can throw a fastball and a curve
>
. cast usually implies lightness in the thing thrown and sometimes a scattering <
cast it to the winds
>
. toss suggests a light or careless or aimless throwing and may imply an upward motion <
tossed the coat on the bed
>
. fling stresses a violent throwing <
flung the ring back in his face
>
. hurl implies power as in throwing a massive weight <
hurled himself at the intruder
>
. pitch suggests throwing carefully at a target <
pitch horseshoes
>
. sling stresses either the use of whirling momentum in throwing or directness of aim <
slung the bag over his shoulder
>
. II. noun Date: 1530 1. a. an act of throwing, hurling, or flinging b. (1) an act of throwing dice (2) the number thrown with a cast of dice c. a method of throwing an opponent in wrestling or judo 2. the distance a missile may be thrown or light rays may be projected 3. an undertaking involving chance or danger ; risk, venture 4. the amount of vertical displacement produced by a geological fault 5. a. the extreme movement given to a pivoted or reciprocating piece by a cam, crank, or eccentric ; stroke b. the length of the radius of a crank or the virtual crank radius of an eccentric or cam 6. a. a light coverlet (as for a bed) b. a woman's scarf or light wrap

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Throw — Throw, v. t. [imp. {Threw} (thr[udd]); p. p. {Thrown} (thr[=o]n); p. pr. & vb. n. {Throwing}.] [OE. [thorn]rowen, [thorn]rawen, to throw, to twist, AS. [thorn]r[=a]wan to twist, to whirl; akin to D. draaijen, G. drehen, OHG. dr[=a]jan, L. terebra …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • throw — [θrəʊ ǁ θroʊ] verb threw PASTTENSE [θruː] thrown PASTPART [θrəʊn ǁ θroʊn] [transitive] 1. throw money at to try to solve a problem by spending a lot of money, without really thinking about the problem: • There is no point throwing money at the… …   Financial and business terms

  • throw — ► VERB (past threw; past part. thrown) 1) propel with force through the air by a rapid movement of the arm and hand. 2) move or put into place quickly, hurriedly, or roughly. 3) project, direct, or cast (light, an expression, etc.) in a… …   English terms dictionary

  • throw — [thrō] vt. threw, thrown, throwing [ME throwen, to twist, wring, hurl < OE thrawan, to throw, twist, akin to Ger drehen, to twist, turn < IE base * ter , to rub, rub with turning motion, bore > THRASH, THREAD, Gr teirein, L terere, to… …   English World dictionary

  • Throw — Throw, n. 1. The act of hurling or flinging; a driving or propelling from the hand or an engine; a cast. [1913 Webster] He heaved a stone, and, rising to the throw, He sent it in a whirlwind at the foe. Addison. [1913 Webster] 2. A stroke; a blow …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • throw — throw, cast, fling, hurl, pitch, toss, sling can all mean to cause to move swiftly forward, sideways, upward, or downward by a propulsive movement (as of the arm) or by means of a propelling instrument or agency. Throw, the general word, is often …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • throw — throw; over·throw·al; throw·er; throw·ster; ca ·throw; …   English syllables

  • Throw — Throw, v. i. To perform the act of throwing or casting; to cast; specifically, to cast dice. [1913 Webster] {To throw about}, to cast about; to try expedients. [R.] [1913 Webster] [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Throw — Throw, n. [AS. [thorn]r[=a]h, [thorn]r[=a]g.] Time; while; space of time; moment; trice. [Obs.] Shak. [1913 Webster] I will with Thomas speak a little throw. Chaucer. [1913 Webster] [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • throw — [v1] propel something through the air bandy, barrage, bombard, buck, bunt, butt, cant, cast, catapult, chuck, dash, deliver, discharge, dislodge, drive, fell, fire, flick, fling, fling off, flip, floor, force, heave, hurl, impel, lapidate, launch …   New thesaurus

  • Throw — (thr[=o]), n. [See {Throe}.] Pain; especially, pain of travail; throe. [Obs.] Spenser. Dryden. [1913 Webster] [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”